Last updated on 12th July.
The great Shafi’i authority of the 5th century AH, Imam ul-Haramayn, al-Juwayni, (rahmatullah alayh) re-iterates here the famous and accepted Fatwa of Hadhrat Aishah (radhiyallahu anha) on the prohibition of women going to the mosques:
They (the age-old women) used to emerge “Tafilaat” (smelling only of body odour due to not having applied any fragrance), fully wrapped up in their Jilbaabs, inconspicuous, and the women in whom remained (some life) left (i.e. non-elderly women) would also emerge in the manner that we described…(However) today we regard it to be reprehensible for them to come out, and it has been reported from Aishah (radhiyallahu anha) that she prohibited the women from coming out (i.e. for prayers). It was said to her, “They used to come out in the time of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), so she responded, “Had he (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) lived till our time, he (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) would most assuredly have prevented them from coming out.” (Nihaayat ul-Mataalib)
وكن يخرجن تَفِلات متلفعات بجلاليب لا يشهرن، وكان يخرج على الصفة التي ذكرناها نسوة فيهن بقيةٌ أيضاً.
قال الشيخ: واليوم، فنحن نكره لهن الخروج، وقد روي عن عائشة أنها نهت النساء عن الخروج فقيل لها: كن يخرجن في زمن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم [فقالت:] لو عاش صلى الله عليه وسلم إلى زماننا، لمنعهن من الخروج”
Note: The article “Eidgah and Feminism” which will be updated regularly with quotes from the early Mujtahideen and Fuqaha, is at the bottom of this page.