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The Virtue of Seclusion in Times of Fitnah

According to a narration recorded in Saheeh Muslim, the great Sahabi and former military general who had conquered vast swathes of lands for the Ummah, Hadhrat Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqaas (radhiyallahu anhu), had abandoned society and taken to herding camels and sheep in isolation. His son came one day to deliver some Naseehat to his father and to criticize him for his seclusion. Hadhrat Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqaas (radhiyallahu anhu) retaliated with a devastating flurry of counterpunches: First, he delivered a blow to his son’s chest. Then, he told him to shut up. Finally, he finished him off with the following statement of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam):

“Indeed, Allah loves the servant who has Taqwa, is rich (in the soul), and is hidden (from the people).”

“ﺇﻥ اﻟﻠﻪ ﻳﺤﺐ اﻟﻌﺒﺪ اﻟﺘﻘﻲ الغني الخفي”

In the commentary of this Hadith in Mirqaat ul-Mafaateeh, it states:

Indeed, Allah loves the servant who has Taqwa..That is, the one who steers clear of the Haraam and Doubtful matters, and he (even) refrains from (much of) what is desirable (to the nafs), and permissible.

(As for) “Richness”: an-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him)  said, “The intent of richness is richness of the soul. This is the richness that is desired due to his (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) saying: “(True) Richness is richness of the soul.”…

(As for) “Hidden”: (It refers to) The unknown person who is dedicated to the worship of his Lord and occupied in matters related to (the perfection of) his soul.”

ﻫﻮ اﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﻘﻲ اﻟﻤﺤﺮﻣﺎﺕ ﻭاﻟﺸﺒﻬﺎﺕ ﻭﻳﺘﻮﺭﻉ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻤﺸﺘﻬﻴﺎﺕ ﻭاﻟﻤﺒﺎﺣﺎﺕ (” اﻟﻐﻨﻲ “) : ﻗﺎﻝ اﻟﻨﻮﻭﻱ – ﺭﺣﻤﻪ اﻟﻠﻪ -: اﻟﻤﺮاﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﻐﻨﻰ ﻏﻨﻰ اﻟﻨﻔﺲ، ﻭﻫﺬا ﻫﻮ اﻟﻐﻨﻰ اﻟﻤﺤﺒﻮﺏ ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ – ﺻﻠﻰ اﻟﻠﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻟﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ -: ” «اﻟﻐﻨﻰ ﻏﻨﻰ اﻟﻨﻔﺲ» ” … (” اﻟﺨﻔﻲ “) . ﺑﺎﻟﺨﺎء اﻟﻤﻌﺠﻤﺔ ﺃﻱ: اﻟﺨﺎﻣﻞ اﻟﻤﻨﻘﻄﻊ ﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﺑﻪ اﻟﻤﺸﺘﻐﻞ ﺑﺄﻣﻮﺭ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ

 

 

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6 comments

  1. Subhanallah! And this was no ordinary Sahabi. He was a naturally gifted leader who had proven himself in the public domain for much of his life.

  2. If those were times of fitnah, what about today?

  3. it is narrated that uways qarani r.a. said ” safety lies in solitude,”
    the author of KASHF AL-MAHJUB, ALI B. USMAN AL JULLABI HUJWIRI states:
    because the heart of the solitary is free from thought of “other” and no circumtances does he hope for anything from mankind. let none imagine, however, that solitude (wahdat) merely consists in living alone. so long as the devil associates with a man’s heart, and sensual passion holds sway in his breast, and any thought of this world or the next occurs to him in such a way as to make him conscious of mankind, he is not truly in solitude; since it is all one whether he takes pleasure in the thing itself or in the thought of it. accordingly, the true solitary is not disturbed by society but he who is preoccupied seeks in vain to acquire freedom from thought by secluding himself. in order to be cut off from mankind one must become intimate with Allah, and those who have become intimate with Allah are not hurt by intercourse with mankind.

    • Little too wordy there. In a nutshell “being alone is being Alive”. If your heart is constantly with Allah than physical solitude isnt always beneficial. If you already have a devoted heart than additional wazifa may sidetrack that which has been attained. In the case that being in a fitnah rids Imaan than its better being physically away otherwise the reward is immense doing little Deen surrounded by fitnah. A Mu’min is loyal wether fitnah or not. A Mu’min makes excuses to be loyal hence Allah always prepares excuses to forgive him.

      There’s hadith in which we are called Nabi sallallahu alaihi wa sallams brothers. It’s easier obeying Allah and being supernatural after having seen Rasulullah. Since we listen and obey in times of fitnah and not having seen Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam we will be rewarded greater than the sahaabah. Their rank is always still higher. It’s in the Hadith shareef a practicing Muslim of times of temptation will receive the reward of 50 sahabah.

  4. It’s like I eat twice a day and it keeps me able to carry out my responsibilities. If it causes deprivation in health aml e saliha etc by reducing one meal than I am better off not reducing food. Moderation is the key. If I have control and wisdom to further my spiritual progress by means of seperation than this is good other wise it may lead to extremity. The grief of not being able to eat like the siddiqeen (once a day) Insha Allah will fill the vacuum of being with them in the hereafter. We will be with those who we were intellectually obsessed with (in love with).

  5. if you are moderate according your self than you are the most Pious person. Even if you sleep more eat more associate more speak more. Don’t over eat don’t under eat. Don’t speak unnecessarily nor not enough.

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