Time and Khiyaanat (Abuse Of Trust)
The commission of khiyaanat (abuse of trust) has become a customary practice of many Madrasah Asaarizah (Teachers). The Asaatizah are engaged by the Madrasah to teach at fixed times. Their salary is paid for the time they have to be present at the Madrasah. The time stipulation is among the fundamental constitutuents of the Ijaara hcontract which binds both the employer (the Madrasah) and the employees (the Asaatizah). Violation of the terms of the Ijaarah is khiyaanat and unlawful.
Inspite of the importance and sanctity of the contract, many teachers at Madrasah are negligent of their attendance. In many Madaaris some Asaatizah have the habit of arriving late for classes. They arrive late and leave even before the stipulated time for ending classes.
Some teachers even absent themselves for whole periods and sometimes for the day. Yet, full pay is expected. Instead of expecting full salary, the defaulting Asaatizah being Deeni personnel whose occupation is Ta’leem of the Qur’aan and the related branches of Deeni Uloom, are supposed to maintain a meticulous and an honest register of their attendance. At the end of the month when they receive their wages, it is their incumbent duty to calculate exactly what sum they are entitled to. They may not take payment for the time they had not been in the Madrasah.
Even five minutes late is khiyaanat. It is tantamount to theft. Although technically it is not sarqah (theft) for which the punishment is the lopping off of the hand, nevertheless, it is morally and in terms of the Aakhirah theft of a very grave nature.
A man who steals an item is viewed with scorn and contempt. His reputation is tarnished and people are apprehensive of his presence. But when the Asaatizah commit theft of time for which they accept payment, such a malpractice is not viewed seriously, neither by the people in general nor by the Asaatizah who are supposed to know better.
Some teachers present justification for their misdeed by resorting to fallacious interpretation. To soothe their conscious they occasionally put in some extra time —after hours. In this manner they justify the khiyaanat they commit in the Madrasah’s time.
Firstly, they have no register of their latecoming and absenteeism. They do not record their daily commissions of abuse of amaanat (trust).
Secondly, ‘extra’ time does not compensate for the official time they have lost. They are paid to be in the Madrasah during certain pre-arranged fixed times. The ‘extra’ time after Madrasah hours is not the time for which they are being paid.
Thirdly, they are guilty of injustice against the pupils. They have no right to misappropriate the free time of the pupils to compensate for their own failure and abuse of trust.
Commenting on this weird argument and justification of teachers, Hakimul Ummat Maulana Ashraf Ali Thaanvi (rahmatullah alayh) said that Nafl does not compensate for Fardh.
The Asaatizah should understand that in addition to harming their own souls by this khiyaanat, they are rendering their students a great disservice. Honest and meticulous observance of Trust is a Waajib demand of the Shariah. The Qur’aan and Ahaadith place great emphasis on Amaanat.