AMR BIL MA’ROOF NAHY ANIL MUNKAR – THE ABANDONED ROLE OF THE ULAMA
[By Hazrat Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai]
Amr Bil Ma’roof – Nahy Anil Munkar (Commanding righteousness and forbidding evil) is a sacred obligation on every Muslim. It applies to people in varying degrees depending on the degree of jurisdiction they have over their subordinates. Regarding this sacred obligation, it is mentioned in the Hadith narrated by Hadhrat Abu Dardaa’ (radhiyallahu anhu):
“Command righteousness and prohibit evil. If you refrain (from this duty), Allah Ta’ala will appoint over you a tyrannical ruler (or government of oppression). Then this tyrant will show no respect for your elders nor mercy to your little ones. Then (when this calamity has been imposed on you) your pious people will make dua, but it will not be accepted by Allah Ta’ala. You will cry to Allah Ta’ala for help, but no help will be forthcoming. You will then repent and seek forgiveness, but this too will not be accepted.”
Allah Ta’ala revealed to Nabi Yusha’ (alayhis salaam) who was a Nabi of Bani Israaeel: “I shall be destroying 40,000 pious people of your nation and 60,000 transgressors.” Hadhrat Yusha’ (alayhis salaam) enquired: “O Allah! The destruction of the evil ones (with punishment) is understandable. But why shall the pious also be destroyed?” Allah Ta’ala revealed to him: “They did not become displeased on the occasions of My Displeasure, but they would answer the invitations (of the transgressors) and eat together with them.”
This narration is a dire warning for those Ulama who associate, mingle and co-operate with transgressors. In socialization with transgressors, the Ulama maintain silence in the face of evil perpetrations, and abandon their obligation of Amr Bil Ma’roof. In addition to condoning the misdeeds of the transgressors, the participation of the Ulama is a stamp of approval and a licence for the misdeeds of the public.
Consider the example of weddings. The Maulana/Imaam is fully aware that after the Nikah a haraam wedding reception will be taking place at a haraam venue such as a public hall. Yet, the Maulana Sahib, in defiance of Allah’s command to propagate the Haqq, performs the Nikah and even presents a pretence of naseehat by way of a lecture. In fact, after the Nikah he too hurries off to the haraam hall to participate in the accursed function.
The semblance of ‘separate’ arrangements made for males and females are simply stratagems of self-deception to hoodwink the stupid ‘maulanas’ who are participating in the evil event. Fully aware of the misdeeds occurring around them, these ‘scholars’ of evil consume the accursed food with much relish and like co-operating devils maintain silence. With regard to such participating learned men, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“The one who maintains silence on an issue of the Haqq is a dumb shaitaan.”
A salient aspect of this criticism is that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) did not compare the silent condoner of baatil with a ‘dumb shaitaan’. He proclaimed such a pillager of Haqq to be a veritable shaitaan – a proper devil. This is the malady which is gripping most Ulama of this era. They all acquit themselves in the capacity of Dumb Shayaateen.
Some such dumb devils, to soothe their conscience, justify their silence with the fancy argument of ‘hikmat’ (wisdom), which in reality is satanic diplomacy of the category known as Talbees-e-Iblees (Deception of Iblees). The argument of silence in the face of baatil does occasionally have validity. It will be permissible for an Aalim of the Haqq to maintain silence if the consequence of his Amr Bil Ma’roof is physical harm to himself or when experience has convinced him that Amr Bil Ma’roof has become a redundant and a futile exercise or when the audience flatly refuses to listen, and engage him in nonsensical debates of kufr.
The ‘silent scholar’ who has been branded a ‘dumb shaitaan’ by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) is one who condones the baatil by his participation, socialization and fraternization with the flagrant transgressors. If an Aalim of Haqq lacks the courage to proclaim the Haqq due to the weakness of his physical or mental constitution, then the least he is required to do is to enter into the weakest category of Imaan. This third grade weak class of Imaan described by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) is true aversion in the heart for the evil which is being perpetrated by the transgressors.
The aversion of the heart will be genuine only if the Aalim dissociates from the transgressors. To believe that aversion for evil can coexist with participation, socialization and fraternization is a massive devilish deception. In fact it is so massive and so glaringly ludicrous that the Maulana Sahib who participates in the haraam functions and activities of his paymasters or of those whose favours he pursues, deep down in his heart understands the butlaan (falsity) of this palpably stupid and satanic excuse.
The alarming problem nowadays is that this last stage of Imaan described by Nabi-e-Kareem as Adh’aful Imaan (the weakest of Imaan), has also been eliminated from the hearts of innumerable Ulama. It is precisely for this reason that a professed Aalim is comfortable to worship with kuffaar priests under the cross of shirk and kufr. It is for this reason that a Mufti finds it wise to switch off the Musjid’s intercom system which enables ladies to listen to the bayaan while inside their homes. And, he does so with the express motive of enticing the females to come out in their droves to listen to his hollow and insincere ‘bayaan’ in the Musjid.
In fact, he degenerates further into the rut of moral corruption and deviation by distributing posters and pamphlets urging women to forget about the Qur’aanic prohibition and to emerge from their homes to listen to his khuraafaat (drivel) in the person, outside their homes, in the public. Truly, this so-called mufti is an active shaitaan worse than the ‘dumb shaitaan’ who maintains silence when Haqq is trampled on. And, it is for this reason that a Maulana can take boys and girls on a ‘Fun-Day’ trip to a zina resort, and educate them in the wiles of the different categories of zina while himself indulging in such zina with the girls he is escorting.
And, it is precisely for this reason that so-called Ulama are able to accommodate themselves on the satanic ‘shariah boards’ of the riba-capitalist banks. And, it is for this very reason that the ulama-e-soo’ actively propagate by word and deed, the abandonment of Hijaab for girls and female staff at institutions which are satanically and deceptively dubbed ‘Islamic schools’ whereas these hybrid outfits are schools of shaitaaniyat.
The list of condonation of evil by the Ulama, of their participation in evil, of their conniving with evil, of their promotion of evil and of their digging the very foundations of Islam is lengthy. We have cited a few examples to illustrate that in our era it is not only an issue of abandonment of the sacred obligation of Amr Bil Ma’roof Nahy Anil Munkar. It is an effort to demolish Islam by the very personnel who are supposed to be its guardians and defenders.
However, Allah Azza Wa Jal will at all times deem appropriate by His Wisdom, field in the arena of the conflict between Haqq and Baatil, a tiny group of Stalwarts of the Haqq who suffices for the myriad of Ahl-e-Baatil who are engaged in marauding and slaughtering the Haqq. Thus, the vile machinations of Shaitaan with his human helpers, especially the ulama-e-soo’, will never succeed in their nefarious missions of corruption.
A genuine Aalim of the Haqq who abstains from Amr Bil Ma’roof Nahy Anil Munkar on the basis of reasons which are genuine and valid in the Shariah, cannot be slated. In this regard, is the example of Hadhrat Sufyaan Thauri (rahmatullah alayh). Whenever he would pass through the marketplace, he would ensure that he fulfils the rights of the road and of the marketplace. Among the rights of the marketplace is the proclamation of the Haqq. He would always execute the duty of Amr Bil Ma’roof.
After some time, he abandoned this practice and would pass by silently. When some concerned persons queried the reason for his silence, Hadhrat Sufyaan responded: “A tiny fissure had appeared in the Deen (through which evil began filtering). I endeavoured to block this fissure (with Amr Bil Ma’roof). But now, the gap is so massive that an ocean of evil is rushing through. Who has the ability to stem this huge deluge?”
Apes and Swines
Hadhrat Abu Umaamah (radhiyallahu anhu) said: “On the Day of Qiyaamah some persons of this Ummah (i.e. Muslims) will rise as apes and swines. This punishment will be the consequence of their association and mingling with the flagrant transgressors. They would not prevent them from their evil acts of transgression despite having had the power to do so.”
Commenting on this Hadith, Allaamah Abdul Wahhaab Sha’raani (rahmatullah alayh) said: “When this will be the condition of those who had associated with the transgressors, despite them not having committed the sins, then one can imagine what will be the state of those whose limbs had refused to refrain from the actual deeds of sin. We seek the mercy and protection of Allah Ta’ala.”
Hadhrat Maalik Bin Dinaar (rahmatullah alayh) narrated the following episode: “In Bani Israaeel there was an Aalim who would give discourses to people. Men and women would assemble at his home where the Aalim would sit on a high platform to deliver his discourse. Once the son of this Aalim glanced at a beautiful woman in the gathering, and he made a sign to her. His father, seeing this, said: ‘My son, have patience!’
As soon as he had uttered this mild rebuke, he (the Aalim) fell from his platform, breaking some of his bones. Allah revealed to the Nabi of the time to convey to the Aalim: ‘Never shall I create a Siddique in his progeny. For My Sake, he displayed such mild displeasure that he only said to his son: ‘O son have patience.”
The lackadaisical attitude of the Aalim when Allah’s command was flouted by his son was intolerable to Allah Ta’ala, hence the severe punishment. It was expected of him, being an Aalim acting as the Representative of the Deen, to have adopted stern admonition to impress the evil of the misdemeanour of his son. This is the sacred function of the Ulama.
Much of the moral corruption in Muslim society is the consequence of abstention from Amr Bil Ma’roof Nahy Anil Munkar by the Ulama, as well as flagrant participation in evil and transgression by the Ulama. Not only have the Ulama by far and large abandoned the obligation of Amr Bil Ma’roof, they are in fact actively organizing evil and participating in acts of flagrant fisq and fujoor. Abstaining from Amr Bil Ma’roof, they audaciously issue licences for the perpetration of evil and transgression. The Hadith narrated by Hadhrat Abu Umaamah (radhiyallahu anhu) regarding apes and swines applies to numerous ulama of this era. The avenue of Amr Bil Ma’roof Nahy Anil Munkar has been practically closed.
The rare exceptions who uphold the standard of the sacred obligation are detested and despised. This attitude of abhorrence exhibited by the deviate ‘scholars’ for the upholders of Amr Bil Ma’roof is within the purview of the Hadith narrated by Hadhrat Huzaifah Bin Yamaan (radhiyallahu anhu):
“There will dawn a time when people will prefer the companionship of a dead donkey than the company of one who practises Amr Bil Ma’roof Nahy Anil Munkar.”
We have now entered this phase predicted in the aforementioned Hadith of Hadhrat Huzaifah (radhiyallahu anhu). The Deen has become forlorn and strange to even those who are supposed to be the Ulama. Predicting this state of corruption of the Ummah, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Islam began in a forlorn state. Soon will it return to that forlorn state in which it had commenced. Therefore, congratulations to the forlorn ones.”
Those who have been given the taufeeq to uphold the Standard of Amr Bil Ma’roof in these times of fitnah and fasaad have truly been favoured by Allah Azza Wa Jal Who has enrolled them in that noble Fraternity about whom Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“There will forever remain a group in my Ummah who will fight on the Haqq until the arrival of Allah’s Command (i.e. Qiyaamah). Those who oppose them and those who do not aid them will not be able to harm them.”
The episode of the people of Nabi Yusha’ (alayhis salaam) is fearful. There is a great lesson in that episode for the Ulama who have abandoned Amr Bil Ma’roof. Their piety was of no avail. Their piety did not save them from Allah’s punishment which destroyed 40,000 pious members of the Ummah of Nabi Yusha’ (alayhis salaam). Despite their piety, their unforgiveable crime consisted of two evil elements: (1) Abstention from Amr Bil Ma’roof (2) Associating with the transgressors.
Socializing and fraternizing with flagrant transgressors are capital crimes. This type of socialization and fraternization is a rampant disease among the Ulama of our time. Their total abstention from Amr Bil Ma’roof has enhanced the audacity of the masses. Indulgence in many types of sinful activities have been given the blessing by the ulama-e-soo’ (evil ulama). Instead of prohibiting evil, they indulge in the evil in the company of the masses. They have thus opened up the Door of Divine Chastisement for the entire community. Such ulama-e-soo’, according to the Hadith, will make tawaaf of their extricated entrails on the Day of Qiyaamah. May Allah Ta’ala save us from His chastisement