Rulings of Qurbani and Aqeeqah
(Shaykh Ashraf Ali Thanwi)
Fatwas on Qurbaani
(Maulana A S Desai)
FATWASQ. Is it permissible for an adult to make Aqeeqah for himself if it was not made by his parents?
A. It is permissible for an adult to make Aqeeqah for himself which had not been done during his infancy.
Q. I was unable to make Aqeeqah for my child on the seventh day. Is it valid to do it after the seventh day?
A. It is permissible to slaughter the sheep on any day which is convenient for you although the Sunnat is to slaughter it on the 7th day. If you miss the 7th day, then at any time in the f uture on the 7th day which in your case is Thursday. That is, on any Thursday. And, if this too is inconvenient, then on any day of your convenience.
Q. The baby's hair was not shaved on the seventh day. Should it still be removed?
A. Yes, it should still be removed.
Q. How should the Aqeeqah meat be distributed?
A. The Aqeeqah meat should also be preferably divided into three parts as is the case with Qur’baani meat: one part for the poor, one part for relatives/ friends and one part for oneself. However, this is not incumbent. It is permissible to divide and distribute it in any way you wish.
Q. What are the benefits of Aqeeqah?
A. The primary benefit is the reward for upholding a Sunnah practice. The Aqeeqah is a protection against some sicknesses and calamities.
Q. There is some confusion regarding the seventh day when the child’s hair should be shaved and the Aqeeqah made. If a child is born on Friday when is the seventh day?
A. The seventh day will be Thursday. The seventh day is always the day before the child is born. The Mustahab requisite is to make Aqeeqah on the seventh day. If the seventh day was missed, then it should be made on the day which was the seventh day. For example, your daughter was born on Friday (Islamically speaking). Thus, the seventh day is Thursday. So if the first Thursday (the actual seventh day) was missed, then in future it should be made on any Thursday. If a child is born on a Wednesday, then the seventh day will be Tuesday. It is always the day before the day the child was born.
Q. Is it Sunnat to shave the baby’s hair on the seventh day? What is the status of Aqeeqah?
A. Yes, it is Sunnat to shave the newborn child’s hair on the seventh day. Aqeeqah is also Sunnat.
Q. Someone is slaughtering a cow for eating purposes. Will Aqeeqah be valid if two shares are purchased in this cow? The other five shares are for eating.
A. The Aqeeqah will not be valid. It is necessary for all seven shares to be for ibaadat, e.g. Qur’baani, Sadqah.
Q. Instead of two goats will one cow be valid for Aqeeqah of one boy child?
A. Yes, it will be valid.
Q. How should the Aqeeqah meat be distributed?
A. The Masnoon method of distributing Aqeeqah meat is exactly as the method for Qur’baani meat. One third for the poor, one third for relatives/friend, and one third for oneself. Besides this, it is permissible to distribute in any way which one wishes.
Q. Aqeeqah was never made for a person. Can he now, an adult, have Aqeeqah made for himself? How should the meat be distributed?
A. If the adult person wishes to make Aqeeqah for himself/herself, it will be permissible. For a male two sheep/ goats and for a female one sheep/goat. The animals could be slaughtered on any day, and the meat could be distributed to the poor, family members and friends. While it is permissible to distribute the meat in any way one wishes, the preferable method is to divide the meat in three more or less equal portions. One portion for the poor, one for relatives and friends, and one portion for oneself.
Q. During infancy, the hair of the baby was not shaved. Should the hair be shaved now that he is an adult?
A. No, the hair of the adult should not be shaved.
Q. Someone says that it is not permissible for a mother to eat of the meat of her child’s Aqeeqah animal. Is this true?
A. It is permissible for the mother and for anyone else to partake of the Aqeeqah meat of her child.
Q. Is it permissible for the grandfather to make Aqeeqah for his grandson? If Aqeeqah had not been made for an infant, could it still be made after he has become an adult?
A. A grandfather may also do the Aqeeqah for his grandchild. Aqeeqah may be done. Insha’Allah, for an adult whose Aqeeqah was not made during infancy.
Q. Is it valid to sacrifice one animal for both Qur’baani and Aqeeqah?
A. Qur’baani and Aqeeqah are two separate acts of ibaadat which cannot be combined in one animal. Separate animals have to be sacrificed if goats/sheep, and if the animal is a cow/camel, then separate shares in the same animal will be permissible.
Q. Is it permissible to slaughter the two Aqeeqah sheep in two different places on the same day.
A. Yes, it is permissible to slaughter the two Aqeeqah sheep in different places on the same day.