Riots in Nizamuddeen – Tableegh Jamaat in Critical Danger
(Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai)
Compromising Allah’s Sacred Law for Tableegh and Dawa’
(Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai)
Fazaa-il A’maal – Exposing the Stupidity of Braindead Salafi Scholars
(Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai)
What is basis for 3, 10, 40 days and why don’t Tableegh Jama’at invite non-Muslims?
(Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai)
Can We Use Verses of Jihaad for Tableegh?
(Shaykh Zakariyya Kandhelvi)
Women’s Tabligh Jama’at – The Makshufaat Jama’at
(Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai)
Naseehat to Tabligh Jama’at – Ominous Signs of Baatil Infection
(Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai)
A Refutation of Some Barelwi Slanders Against Tableegh Jama’at
(Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai)
FATWAS RELATED TO TABLEEGH JAMAATQ. I have been told that the Tabligh Jamaat is a deviant sect, and that I should not join them. Please enlighten me in this matter.
A. The Tabligh Jamaat is not a sect. Members from all Math-habs join the Tabligh Jamaat to learn and propagate the very basic teachings of Islam – the Kalimah, Tahaarat, Salaat and Saum. The Tabligh Jamaat does not teach anything new. It teaches only the Sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), and it concentrates on only the basic acts necessary for the daily life of the Muslim. They do not delve into any academic issues. Those who say that the Tabligh Jamaat is a deviated sect are in grievous error. You should join the Jamaat and discover for yourself what they teach to satisfy yourself.
Q. What about the Tablighi Jamaat? Is it an old or a deviated group?
A. The teachings of the Tabligh Jamaat are as old as Islam. This Jamaat does not teach any new tenets. While some of their methods are new introductions, these methods are used to teach the very same teachings which Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) taught. Furthermore, the area of the Tabligh Jamaat is extremely restricted. They only teach the Kalimah, Tahaarat and Salaat – the very basics. They do not teach anything new. A new method which does not change any of the ahkaam of the Shariah is not bid’ah. While the Tabligh Jamaat is not a deviated group, some excesses have crept into the Jamaat, e.g. the ladies Tabligh Jamaat; the belief that all Tabligh is confined within the ranks of the Jamaat. It is necessary for the elders of the Jamaat to rectify such excesses. The consequence of excess is fossilization, retrogression and bid’ah.
Q. Some people claimed that Tablighi Jamaat is not doing what our Beloved Prophet had done which is calling the Non-Muslim towards Allah because till this day there is no effort has been done to called the Non-Muslim to enter Islam by this Jamaat. The Tabligh Jamaat only emphasize on spending time in the path of Allah for 3 days, 40 days & 4 Month which they claim has no basis of whatsoever in the Quraan and Sunnah. What is your opinion pertaining to this matter.
A. (1) The basis on which they are criticizing the Tablighi Jamaat is baseless. They are in fact talking drivel. If a person recites Qur’aan Shareef in abundance every day, performs his five daily Salaat, but does not perform Tahajjud, it will be wrong to criticize him for reciting Qur’aan in abundance by saying that it is not Sunnat to recite 12 and half Juz a day. No one has the right to impose on another person his personal fancy and inclination. The Shariah allows a man to recite twelve and half Juz a day. It is stupid to argue that because there is no basis in the Qur’aan and Sunnah for reciting twelve and half Juz a day, it is wrong and not permissible for this person to recite this amount of Qur’aan.
You should ask those people who are criticizing the Tabligh Jamaat if they are calling non-Muslims to the Path of the Deen? How many of them are making Da’wat to non-Muslims? Why do they want to impose this act on the Tabligh Jamaat when they themselves are not executing it? If a group chooses to do a particular Deeni activity, then no one has the right to criticize them for not doing another Deeni activity. If someone performs 50 raka’ts Nafl a day, no one has the right of criticizing him for not keeping Nafl fasts.
If there is a group giving da’wat to non-Muslim, but not to Muslims, then no one has the right to criticize them. They are doing an activity to which they are inclined.
Similarly, if we are engaged in writing Deeni books and our form of da’wat is restricted to publications distributed to only Muslims, no one has the right to criticize our Deeni activity because we are not printing books for non-Muslims. If there is someone who distributes books to non-Muslims, and not to Muslims, then no one has the right to criticize him for not distributing to Muslims. Everyone is entitled to engage in any field of Tabligh and Da’wat to which his heart inclines.
The Tabligh Jamaat is not denying that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) had called non-Muslims to Islam. But what is wrong with calling Muslims who have become like non-Muslims back to the Path of Islam? And, did Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) not give da’wat to Muslims? Those who deny this, must produce their evidence.
Did Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) not spend 23 years teaching Muslims how to perform Salaat, Fast, perform Hajj, trade, get married, bury the dead and all the thousands of masaa-il related to all the departments of Islam? Who taught the Sahaabah all the rules of Islam? Were the Sahaabah Muslims or non-Muslims when Nabi-e-Kareem (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) gave them the da’wat of the masaa-il of the Deen?
(2) The objectors are plain stupid and soft in the brains. The greater part of Rasulullah’s mission was consumed teaching Muslims, not non-Muslims. Once the non-Muslims embraced Islam, the da’wat did not end with their acceptance of Islam. In fact the da’wat then commenced and continued until the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) to Muslims.
What is wrong if anyone spends 3 days, 40 days and 4 months in the path of Allah? What is wrong if someone spends one hour in the path of Allah? What is wrong if someone spends 10 minutes or 10 years in the Path of Allah? What is their logical and Shar’i basis for this stupid objection? When some of these objectors go for Umrah for 19 days or five days or one month, then are they committing a haraam deed because they do not spend exactly the same time in Umrah as Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) had done?
Even if there is no specific basis for the specific methodology of the Tablighi Jamaat, the question to be asked is: “On what basis does this methodology conflict with the Sunnah?” Why would this methodology not be permissible? And, why would the methodology of publications, Madaaris, Khaanqas, etc. be permissible? The objectors should present arguments based on the principles of the Shariah to vindicate their case. Personal opinion and stupid logic have no Shar’i validity.
The objections of the detractors have to be rejected and dismissed as utterly baseless. There is no Shar’i substance in their objections.
Q. Here where I am in Hyderabad, India, there are several groups: Tabligh Jamaat, Sunni Jamaat and Jamaat-e-Islami. I have heard different explanations about these sects. Which sect is on the right path? I have been told that the Tabligh Jamaat is a deviant sect, and their kitaab Fazaail A’maal is littered with fabrications. The Sunni Jamaat has practices such as Milaad and Urs. The Jamaat-e- Islami does not follow any Mathhab.
A. The Tabligh Jamaat is not a sect. Members of all four Math-habs join the Tabligh Jamaat. The Jamaat teaches only the very basics of the Deen. They do not teach anything which is in conflict with the Shariah. They concentrate on the Kalimah, Tahaarat, Salaat and such issues. Their methods of teaching the Deen are permissible. Our only difference with the Tabligh Jamaat is the Ladies Jamaat. We believe that it is not permissible for women to undertake journies for Tabligh. The kitaab, Fazaail-e-A’maal, consists of Ahaadith. Whilst some of the Ahaadith are classified Weak, it matters not because it is valid to cite such narrations in the matter of Fadhaail (Virtues) to encourage people to practise the Deen. Those who object to this kitaab are ignorant. Discard their stupid comments. The group which engages in milaad and urs is a grave-worship sect. They practice shirk and immorality in the name of Islam. Stay very far from this deviant sect. The Jamaat-e-Islaami is also a deviant group. They do not follow any of the Four Math-habs. They have strayed very far from Siraatul Mustaqeem.
Q. ‘In the Path of Allah’ – is it restricted to going out with the Tabligh Jamaat?
A. Whilst going with the Jamaat is also in the Path of Allah, leaving home for any Deeni activity is to go in the Path of Allah. A student who leaves home to study at a Madrasah is in the Path of Allah. The Mujaahid is in the Path of Allah. The one who goes for Hajj is in the Path of Allah. The one who goes to visit the sick is in the Path of Allah. The one who sets out to make peace between two Muslims is in the Path of Allah. However, the phrase, ‘In the Path of Allah – Fi Sabeelullah’ initially refers to the Mujaahideen in Jihaad.
Q. We, students at a Darul Uloom, have been told that we are too much involved in the means instead of the objective. The Maulana says that the objective is tableegh while the pursuit of knowledge is the means. This has confused us. He says that Tableegh is the asal while Ta’leem is the zariah (means).
A. Tableegh and Ta’leem are one and the same thing. When an Ustaad imparts Ilm-e-Deen, he is engaging in Tableegh of the highest merit. Those who claim that there is too much involvement in the acquisition of Deeni Ilm are under the spell of shaitaan and the nafs. In fact, students of today are not genuine Students of Deeni Knowledge. They waste considerable time in futility. They lack understanding of even the meaning of Ilm. This Maulana Saheb is afflicted by a grievous misconception. Tableegh without Ilm is not possible. And, by Tableegh we do not mean the specific Tableegh of the Tableegh Jamaat. Only the Ulama are able to discharge the obligation of certain forms of Tabligh, and for this Ta’leem and Ta-allum are Waajib.
Q. Jamaat brothers’ wives work in the family business with their husbands, fully clad in hijab. Is this permissible with the consent of the husband?
A. Now why did you introduce the Jamaat in your question? The Jamaat does not teach violation of Hijaab. If a member of the Jamaat commits a sin, why do you attribute it to the Jamaat? If a Muslim commits murder, will it be proper to attribute it to Islam? Muslims belonging to the Jamaat, to the Khaanqas, to the Madaaris, etc., all commit sins. It is a severe malady of the nafs which prompts a person to attribute the sins of individuals to the august institutions to which they belong. You should have posed your question without introducing the Jamaat dimension. It is haraam for women to be in the business in violation of Hijaab even with the consent of their husbands. Both the husband and the wife are sinful in committing the violation.
Q. It is claimed that the Qur’aanic verse: “Let there be a group amongst you who will call to good…..” refers exclusively to the Tabligh Jamaat. Please comment. Also, is it compulsory for my wife to go out with the women of the Jamaat to learn the Deen?
A. The Qur’aanic aayat cited by you applies to any sincere group of Muslims who calls towards the Deen and prohibits evil. Whilst the Tabligh Jamaat also comes within the scope of the aayat, this aayat does not exclusively refer to the Tabligh Jamaat. If you offer Deeni advice to others, then you too will come within the scope of the aayat. Every group of individuals engaging in Deeni activity in which Amr Bil Ma’roof Nahy Anil Munkar (Commanding righteousness and prohibiting evil) is the objective, comes within the scope of the aayat. It is not compulsory to participate in Tabligh Jamaat activities. Your wife can acquire the basic quota of Islamic knowledge necessary for her daily acts of Ibaadat, etc., from reliable Islamic books which she should study within the confines of her home. There is no need for women to participate in Tabligh Jamaat activities. Furthermore, it is not permissible for women to travel from town to town and country to country on Tabligh missions.
Q. I have participated in the Tabligh Jamaat for more than 15 years and I still am actively engaged with the Jamaat. However, I am in disagreement with the view that it is Fardh-e-Ain to join the Jamaat and go out ‘in the Path of Allah’ in the manner in which Jamaats go. Please throw some light on this contention. Is it Fardh-e-Ain?
A. It is baseless to claim that it is Fardh to participate in the tableegh activity of the Tableegh Jamaat. They are guilty of excesses, and this type of attitude culminates in Bid’ah. Those who make such preposterous claims are ignorant of the meaning of Fardhe- Ain which means Fardh on each and every Muslim, man and woman. Whoever denies a Fardh-e-Ain hukm becomes a kaafir. Whoever abstains from it without valid reason is a vile faasiq. Billions of Muslims and Ulama all over the world do not participate in Tabligh Jamaat activities. Are they all kaafirs?
Fardh-e-Ain refers to an act such as the daily Salaat and Fasting during Ramadhaan. Denial of these Fardh-e-Ain acts of ibaadat is kufr which expels the denier from the fold of Islam. Despite the benefits of the Tablighi Jamaat, it is a gross excess to assert that it is Fardh-e-Ain to join the Jamaat and go out in Tabligh activity. The quota of Deeni Ilm which is Fardh on every Muslim can be acquired in a variety of ways. It could be obtained from books, madrasahs, maktabs, listening to bayaans, attending classes, etc. The acquisition of the Fardh quota of Ilm is not restricted to joining the Tabligh Jamaat. Allah Ta’ala says in the Qur’aan: “Do not commit excesses in your Deen.”
Q. About six months ago in the Tabligh Markaz of Kumbarpet, Banglore, India, a Molvi insulted Hadhrat Nabi Musa (alayhis salaam). The Molvi said that Bani Israaeel began worshipping the golden calf because Nabi Musa (alayhis salaam) did not make sufficient effort on guiding them. He had not made sufficient effort as he was supposed to do. What is the status of this Molvi?
A. If you have correctly reported the statements of the Molvi, then he has lost his Imaan. His contention is in fact an implied defect in Allah Azza Wa Jal – Nauthubillah! Nabi Musa (alayhis salaam) and all Ambiya were not appointed Ambiya and Rusul on the basis of their piety. Their appointment was by Allah’s selection. A Nabi is chosen directly by Allah Ta’ala. This Molvi has thus implied that Allah Ta’ala had erred – Nauthubillah! – in having appointed an incompetent person to be His Nabi. Furthermore, Hadhrat Nabi Musa (alayhis salaam) is among the Ulul Azam (the greatest) Ambiya. He ranks next to Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam).
The kufr uttered by the deviant molvi is utterly shocking, revolting and lamentable. Did the Ulama at the Markaz not crucify the jaahil who had propagated such kufr? The kufr uttered by the miscreant is the logical consequence of extremism (ghulu’). It is essential to arrest and neutralize ghulu’. When ghulu’ sets in, the movement deviates from Siraatul Mustaqeem and becomes a baatil sect. A great responsibility rests on the shoulders of the elders of the Tabligh Jamaat. They must remain alert and diligently neutralize dhalaal (deviation) which creeps into all movements of the Haqq. Even the Madaaris and the Khaanqahs are affected by deviation. The Molvi should renew his Imaan as well as his nikah if he happens to be a married person.
Q. On Sunday 30th June 2013, a blasphemer connected to the Tablighi Jamaat in Banglaore’s Kumbatpet Markas (Musjid Ibrahim Ali Shah) after Maghrib insulted Hadhrat Umar Farooq (radhiyallahu anhu). This man had been on two months Mastooraat Tablighi Jamaat to Johannesburg about a month ago. In a speech after Maghrib, he said that Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) was a ‘goonda’ and a ‘dada’ (gangster, hoodlum, thug, hooligan, etc.) before embracing Islam, and that he had set out to ‘murder’ Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). I have read the saying of Muhaddith Imam Abu Zur’ah Raazi who had said: 'When you see someone finding fault in the Sahaabah, know that he is a Zindeeq (heretic).' Please comment on this evil attitude.
A. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Honour my Sahaabah, for verily they are the noblest of you then those after them (i.e. the Taabieen); then those after them (i.e. the Tab-e-Taabieen). Thereafter falsehood will prevail.” There are numerous Ahaadith and Qur’aanic verses which conspicuously bear out the nobility and greatness of the Sahaabah and that they were Maqbool (Accepted) by Allah Azza Wa Jal. Specifically about Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu), Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “If there had to be a Nabi after me, it would have been Umar.” It comes in the Hadith that Wahi was even revealed to confirm the opinions of Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu). Besides these narrations, there are a number of other Ahaadith which pay glowing tribute to the virtues of Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu). His khilaafate was the golden age of Islam. Islam had reached its pinnacle in every field under the reign of Hadhrat Umar Ibn Khattaab (radhiyallahu anhu). All the Sahaabah during the age of Jaahiliyyah had committed the worst crimes. Idolatry, infanticide, killing and debauchery were integral to their life style.
Only a shaitaan inclining towards Shi’ism will single out Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) for vilification on the basis of a misdeed during the age of Jaahiliyyah. It is a monstrous haraam act to refer derogatorily with insulting epithets to any one among the Sahaabah, leave alone such a valiant Son and Patriarch of Islam as Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) who lies at the side of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) in Raudhah-e- Mubaarak, and who will be at the side of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) on the Day of Resurrection. The vile character who had blasphemed Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) with the evil epithets should understand that he is truly a zindeeq and a brother of the Shiahs who excel in hurling vituperation at the Sahaabah. This enemy of Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) should have supplicated for thorns to have developed in his tongue to prevent him from disgorging the villainy with which he has blasphemed Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu).
It is haraam – absolutely haraam and tantamount to kufr to slur and sully the noble character of any Sahaabi on the basis of a crime which he had committed during the days of paganism and jaahiliyyah. The elders of the Tablighi Jamaat should be exceptionally wary of Shiah infiltration. Whilst the kufr uttered by the Shaitaan cannot be attributed to the elders of the Tabligh Jamaat, they are expected to severely reprimand the culprit, demand that he makes Taubaah which should include a public retraction. And if he refuses, he should be ignominiously booted out of the Jamaat. Persons who portray Shiah tendencies should not be allowed to address the public. We reiterate that there is a Shiah element which has infiltrated the Tabligh Jamaat just as enemies have infiltrated into every other Islamic institution including our Madaaris and Khaanqahs. No mass movement can escape infiltration by enemies.
Q. While I was delivering furniture in Lenasia, I noticed a young girl aged 12 or 13 and her small brother riding bicycles in the street. A group of boys approached her and started kicking her bicycle. It was clear that she knew them from school, etc. One boy from the group said to her: ‘I’ll rape you.” I then jumped off the back of the truck and went for them all. The boy (a Muslim) said that he was joking. I hit him with the baton I keep with me. I made the others bend down and gave them six of the best like we used to get when we were small. I took down all their details. They were collecting money for their school. I called their parents and also took them to the police station and laid a charge of attempted rape. They could not be charged, but the child protection unit was sent to the school to interview them, etc. I turned my attention to the girl and asked her where her dad and mum were. She said that her dad was away in Jamaa’t for four months and her mother was working. Her eldest sister was indoors when this incident happened. I would really love to bring this episode to the attention of the elders of the Jamaa’t in Johannesburg. This brother should be blacklisted for prostituting his wife and his daughter while he goes on a holiday/picnic. Please comment.
A. Alhamdulillah, you reacted correctly. May Allah Ta’ala reward you for your Deeni concern. Parents are the primary cause for the destruction of their children’s morals. This father/husband is indeed shameless and a good-for-nothing fellow. He deludes himself with his four-months outing or camping/picnicking as you describe it. In the circumstances it was undoubtedly haraam for the girl’s father to go out with the Jamaa’t for four months thereby exposing his daughter to the immoral wolves which prowl around.
Furthermore, this man is a spineless creature for allowing his wife into the streets to earn a living while he camps and picnics. The Waajib duty of the father is to work, earn and support his family while the mother has to remain at home taking care of the children. The Jamaa’t elders should be more circumspect when they enlist prospective participants, especially when the absence from home entails long periods and absence from the country.
A man should not go for any journey if he is unable to make adequate Shar’i arrangements for his wife and children or for any other of his dependents such as parents, etc. What type of tabligh is it which requires a man to leave the shop in his wife’s care while he is away? He casts his wife into the cauldron of zina by such haraam action. Nowadays, we find an inversion of roles, hence everything nowadays is inverted and upside down. Even the chickens are killed upside down. The father of this girl is a Dayyooth. Instead of working for the bread of his family, he wanders around, shirking his Waajib duties and sponging on his wife. He should drown himself in shame. You should inform the elders of the Tabligh Jamaa’t of this rotten episode.
Q. A man is, Alhamdulillah, very much involved in Tabligh Jamaat work. At the moment he has gone for 40 days. However, his parents are very old and extremely sick. They can hardly walk. They are very much dependent on him, and they worry a lot when he goes. This causes their health to further deteriorate. At this moment, the mother’s health has deteriorated significantly. This situation happens again and again when he goes off for Tabligh. I believe that he should not go in these circumstances. It is more important that he takes care of his aged, ailing parents. I have also found this in Ahsanul Fataawa. What should I do in this situation?
A. You should offer him naseehat. Explain to him that deserting his parents whilst they are suffering and dependent on him, is haraam – absolutely haraam. His prior and Waajib ‘tabligh’ is the khidmat (service) of his aged and ailing parents. He closes the Portals of Jannat for himself by his callous abandonment of his aged parents.
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Your father is your central Portal of Jannat. If you wish destroy it or if your wish guard it.” Allah Ta’ala has bestowed Aql to a man. He should utilize his intelligence to understand that he is grossly disobedient and trampling on the huqooq (rights) of his parents. In the circumstances it is haraam for him to abandon his parents even if the objective is tabligh. An intelligent man is one who is able to distinguish between two good deeds and to select the deed of greater importance. This applies when both options are open for selection. But, in the case of this man, he has no option. The choice is between halaal and haraam.
It is haraam for him in the circumstances to go for tabligh. Once a man came to Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and sought permission to participate in Jihad. When Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) was informed that he had an aged mother, he (Nabi – sallallahu alayhi wasallam), refused permission and said that his Jihad was to remain in the service of his mother. What is mentioned in Ahsanul Fataawa is correct.
Whilst this deserter of parents labours under the delusion of being in the Path of Allah, he is under the Wrath of Allah Ta’ala for the zulm he has inflicted on his aged, sickly parents. He is behaving like an animal which does not recognize its parents. According to the Hadith merely looking at the face of parents is the equivalent of a Maqbool Hajj. The thawaab of remaining in the service of such ailing aged parents as you have described is millions of time superior to going out for tabligh.
May Allah Ta’ala guide your him. May Allah Ta’ala grant him the taufeeq to understand that he is perpetually under the Wrath of Allah Ta’ala as long as he persists with his zulm of desertion. He has deserted and abandoned his aged and ailing parents in their time of dire need. He is a most ungrateful son. This type of evil conduct towards parents can lead to an evil Maut. Transgressing the limits of the Shariah is evil extremism (ghulu’) which is haraam. Whenever the limits of the Shariah are transgressed, the consequence is corruption and deviation from Siraatul Mustaqeem. Excess is haraam.
Q. I have given up consuming commercial chickens and meats. However, I encounter much difficulty and opposition when I have to go out with the Jamaat for Tabligh. The brothers insist that I should eat whatever meat and chicken are served since the people are all reliable. But I know that the only chickens they serve are the commercially slaughtered ones. This is causing friction between myself and the other members of the Jamaat. What is your advice in this situation?
A. You have to follow Allah’s Shariah, not the desires of the people of the Jamaat when their ideas and attitudes clash with the Shariah. If they provide pork or dog or rat meat, surely you will not eat. What will you do if you happen to be with the Tabligh Jamaat in some West African country where they eat bush rats, which are halaal according to the Maaliki Math-hab? Will you eat the rat meat simply because the host is a prominent member of the society? And, what will you do if you are with the Jamaat in Indonesia where they eat fox and hyena meat which is halaal according to the Shaafi’ Math-hab? Will you eat this meat? Surely, you will not. So, adopt the same stance here with regard to the carrion chickens, etc. which most people devour. If they become annoyed with your stance, then it is best not to travel around with the Jamaat.
Q. I have read several articles by Ulama explaining why Masturaat Tabligh Jamaat is permissible, in fact incumbent. Please comment in detail on these articles which I have enclosed.
A. Right now, we lack the time to comment in detail. The scope of these columns also precludes a detailed refutation which is necessary to debunk the baseless arguments tendered in justification of Makshufaat Jamaat. The name, Masturaat, is a misnomer. Mastur means hidden/concealed. A woman according to the Qur’aan and Hadith is Aurah. In other words, her entire body has to be concealed from the public, and such concealment is possible only within the sacred precincts of the home. In fact her description as ‘Aurah’ in the Hadith is stated in the context of her remaining indoors.
A woman who emerges into the public domain is no longer a mastoorah. When outside the home, she sheds her mastoorah attribute which Allah Ta’ala has ordained for her. Denuded of this holy and honourable attribute, she acquires the contemptible appellation of makshoofah, hence Makshufaat Jamaat is more applicable to the women who become globe trotters regardless of the purpose of their globe-trotting. Insha’Allah, when and if Allah Ta’ala bestows to us the taufeeq, an adequate response in refutation of the spurious arguments in favour of Makshufaat Jamaat shall be forthcoming.
Q. In your book on ladies Tabligh you mention that women should remain glued to their homes. Should this rule not also be applied to walimah, eid breakfast and other functions attended by women? Would this not be better for them?
A. It is the Qur’aan Majeed which commands that women should remain glued inside their homes. In fact it is not only better for them to abstain from functions such as Walimah, etc., it is Waajib for them to abstain. In this era it is not permissible for women to participate in walimah and any other function even if only women will be congregating. We have never heard of a function called ‘eid breakfast’. This appears to be some new bid’ah practice. It is not permissible for both women and men to participate in this new bid’ah.
Q. Some Ulama quote the Qur’aanic verses of Jihaad and women’s participation in Jihaad during the time of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) to justify women’s participation in Tabligh Jamaat journeys.
A. It is gross jahaalat (ignorance) to promote an activity which Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) had discouraged. The women who had accompanied their husbands in some Jihaad campaigns did not do so by instruction of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). On the occasion of the Battle of Khaibar when Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) saw some ladies, he became angry and demanded an explanation for their presence. His anger is sufficient evidence for the averment that women were not in general allowed to participate in Jihad. They accompanied their husbands on rare occasions and acted in secondary roles. They were not a fighting force, hence they should not be a public tabligh force. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said that “Hajj is the woman’s jihaad”. It is utterly baseless to cite the occasional presence of women in battles as a basis for the mass women’s tabligh jamaat. Our booklet, Ladies Tabligh Jamaat explains this question in more detail.
Q. In our Musjid we have ta’leem every day after Isha’ Salaat at the front of the Musjid. We try to start immediately after Sunnah and Witr Salaat to ensure that as many people as possible participate. If we delay until the majority has not completed their Salaat, many will be deprived of the ijtimaa-ee benefit of the Ta’leem as they will simply go home due to the delay. The Ta’leem commences in a low voice to prevent disturbing those performing Salaat. However, someone objected, saying that it is not permissible to commence Ta’leem whilst others are performing Salaat. The objection however contradicts the fact that announcements regarding fundraising, programme-announcements, etc. by the Imaam take place whilst musallis (latecomers) are catching up with on the Fardh raka’ts they had missed. Please comment and explain this issue.
A. 1) There should be no ta’leem immediately after the Fardh of Zuhr, Maghrib and Isha since it is Waajib to immediately commence the Sunnatul Muakkadah after the short Dua. In some Musaajid this Shar’i requirement is ignored and greater importance is accorded to the ta’leem than to the Shar’i command of Ittisaal,i.e. to perform the Sunnats immediately after the Fardh).
(2) Ta’leem may commence after the Sunnat and Nafl Salaat. In this regard what we have personally observed, is that even before most musallis have completed even two raka’ts of Sunnatul Muakkadah, e.g. after Magrib, the brother, goes to the front, faces the Jamaat whilst 90% of the musallis are in Salaat, and begins with his announcement per ta ining to Ta’leem/ Tableegh/Bayaan. He even comments; “Those who have completed Salaat should come forward.” How can they have completed when he did not allow adequate time to perform even two raka’ts decently? Such an announcement at such a juncture is undoubtedly very disturbing and does distract the mind. It is disrespectful to the Salaat, inconsiderate towards the musallis and smacks of arrogance when a musalli rushes through his two raka’ts Sunnatul Muakkadah in order to rush to the front to make his announcement. This tareeqah is definitely improper.
(3) The ta’leem may begin when most of the musallis have completed their Salaat. It will not matter if a couple of musallis at the back are still performing Nafl Salaat. When most of the musallis have completed their Salaat and are seated in front for ta’leem, then the one or two who wish to continue with Nafl Salaat, should honourably and humbly move to the furthest point at the back and not perform Salaat audaciously right next to the big gathering sitting in Ta’leem. The Musjid is also the venue for Ta’leem.
(4) Those who wish to impart ta’leem should not be concerned about the number of people who will remain to listen to the bayaan. The objective of the bayaan is ridha ilaahi (Allah’s Pleasure), not numbers or a big crowd. Those who are interested to listen to the bayaan, will wait for a couple of minutes. Those who are not interested, will depart. Our brothers are committing a fatal mistake by focusing on numbers, and not on Ridha Ilaahi They lose the objective of of their da’wat when their focus is on numbers. Their niyyat becomes contaminated with riya.
(5) Undoubtedly, it is a grievous error and a misunderstanding to believe that the ijtmaa’i (congregational) benefit of Ta’leem outweighs the benefit of infiraadi (individual) Witr, Sunnat and Nafl Salaat. This belief is in fact bid’ah. It implies that an act performed on the basis of personal opinion is more beneficial and has greater merit than an act of ibaadat commanded by Allah Ta’ala. Changes in the ahkaam may not be perpetrated on the basis of opinion regardless of the benefit one discerns in the act which is the effect of personal opinion. It is a capital sin to present personal opinion in conflict with a hukm of the Shariah. It is tantamount to abrogating the Shariah. In the Shariah there is no principle of ‘benefit’ for abrogating a Shar’i hukm. The Shariah commands ittisaal between the Fardh and the Sunnatul Muakkadah following it. The benefit of a practice is not valid grounds for canceling the command of the Shariah. It is thus bid’ah to give preference to one’s bayaan and ta’leem at a time which the Shariah has ordained for Sunnatul Muakkadah Salaat.
(6) It is not permissible for the Imaam to make fund-raising and other announcements in the Musjid. Such announcements should be written on the notice board.