Congregational Issues

Question:

When should the lmaam commence the Salaat, after the Iqaamat has been recited or after the recitation of “Qadqaama tis Salaat”?

Answer:


It is of the Adaab (Respects) of Salaat for the lmaam to commence the Salaat after the Muezzin recites: “Qadqaamatis Salaat”. However, it is Afdhal (preferable and meritorious) to forgo the Adaab for a valid Shar`i (Islamic) reason and delay the commencement of time Salaat till after termination of the lqaamat. And, the VALID REASON (which technically is termed “Aaridh”) in this case being “COMMENCEMENT OF THE SALAAT TOGETHER WITH THE IMAAM”. With regard to the general public it could be said that it is Afdhal for the congregants to form the Sufoof (Rows) before commencement of the Iqaamat, and the basis for this claim will be the valid reason (Aaridh) of ‘Taswiyatus sufoof” or THE STRAIGHTENING OF THE ROWS which is a Sunnatul Muakkadah act. The laxity and negligence of the general public nowadays show that the straightening of the rows are not suitably effected if the Muqtadees commence their preparation for the Salaat upon the Muezzins recital of “Hayyaa alal Falaah”. There is therefore scope under these circumstances to omit the Adaab so that the Sunnatul Maukkadah could be well preserved. (Imdaadul Fataawa)

Question:

After discharging the Fardh Salaat, is it better to make the Sunnat and Nafl Salaat in the Musjid or at home?

Answer:

It is permissible to perform the Sunnat and Nafl Salaat either in the Musjid or at home. Nowadays due to several discouraging factors it is best to perform it immediately after the Fardh in the Musjid.

Question:

Whose duty is it to see that the Safs (rows) are straight? Can the lmaam commence the Salaat while the Saffs are not straight and not yet filled up?

Answer:

It is the duty of each and every Musallee to ensure that the Saf is straight and filled up. Each Musallee should see that he stands properly. The Imaam too has to see that the Saff is straight and formed properly. It is his duty to command the people to form the rows correctly. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) laid stress on the correct Saff formation. The Imaam can commence the Salaat even though the Saffs have not yet been completed. The bad practice of delaying the Saff formation to the very last moment will compel the Imaam to commence the Salaat even before the Saffs have been formed. The Musallees must ensure that they commence the Salaat together with the Imaam. We observe that today people idle into the Saff even after the Salaat has commenced. The lmaam cannot he expected to wait for such negligent people who have no concern for the Salaat nor have any knowledge of the importance of commencing the Salaat together with the Imaam.

Question:

Is it permissible for a thirteen year old boy who has not yet attained buloogh (maturity) to lead Salaat? This boy is a good Hafiz and is well versed in the rules of Salaat.

Answer:

It is not permitted to appoint a Naa-baaligh (one who has not reached maturity, in terms of the Shariah) to lead the Salaat nor is the performance of Salaat behind a Naa-baaligh permissible. Salaat led by a Naa-baaligh is not valid. (Fataawa Darul Uloom)

Question:

The Imaam had missed out Qa’dah Ulaa (the first sitting). None of the Muqtadis reminded him. After the Salaat, this was brought to the Imaam’s notice. The Salaat was repeated in Jamaat. However, some persons arriving late, joined this second Jamaat. Was their joining proper? Was their Fardh Salaat discharged?

Answer:

When the Fardh Salaat is repeated due to the omission of a Waajib act for which Sajdah Sahw was not made, then the repeated Salaat is Nafl. The first Salaat which was performed defectively remains the Fardh Salaat. As such, the Fardh Salaat of those who had joined in the repeated Salaat is not valid.

Question:

A Masbooq joined the Salaat after the Imaam had made Sajdah Sahw. Is this Masbooq’s Salaat valid?

Answer:

Yes, his Salaat is valid.

Question:

For some reason a muqtadi did not make the ruku’ in one raka’t. The Imaam had made an error, hence performed Sajdah Sahw. This muqtadi also joined in the Sajdah Sahw. Is his Salaat valid?

Answer:

His Salaat is not valid. Ruku’ is Fardh. When a Fardh act is omitted, the Salaat is not valid and Sajdah Sahw does not rectify the Salaat. When a Fardh act is omitted, it should be done immediately one remembers. Sajdah Sahw should also be performed. This Muqtadi should have performed the ruku’ after the Salaam of the Imaam, then make Sajdah Sahw.

Question:

The Imaam, instead of sitting in the last raka’t, went straight into qiyaam from the Sajdah. Despite the `Subhaanallaah’ exclamations of the muqtadis, the Imaam continued with the fifth raka’t. When he had already commenced the qiraa’t, the muqtadis got up from qa’dah and joined the Imaam in the fifth raka’t. The Salaat was completed with five raka’ts. But the Imaam did make Sajdah Sahw. Was the Fardh Salaat properly discharged?

Answer:

No, the Fardh was not discharged. Four raka’ts were Nafl and one raka’t had gone wasted. Since the Imaam had omitted Qa’dah Akheerah (the last sitting) which is Fardh, the Fardh Salaat is not valid. The Fardh has to be repeated in this case.If the Fardh was not repeated, then qadha has to be made. In an error of this kind, the muqtadis should not follow the Imaam. They were supposed to have remained seated and wait in expectation of the Imaam realising his error and returning to the Qa’dah of the fourth raka’t before making the Sajdah of the fifth raka’t. If he realises his error and returns to the Qa’dah before completing the fifth raka’t, then the muqtadis will be with him. Sajdah Sahw has to be performed, and the four raka’ts Fardh will be valid. However if the Imaam, instead of returning to the fourth raka’t, completes the fifth raka’t with Sajdah, then the waiting muqtadis should make Salaam and complete their Salaat. In this case their Fardh will be valid.

Question:

On a journey we were unable to locate the Qiblah direction. We could not agree among ourselves on the direction. Nevertheless, we performed Salaat in jamaat. Did we do right?

Answer:

In this instance of conflict everyone was supposed to have performed Salaat alone, not in jamaat. Each one had to follow his own determination. You have to make qadha of the Salaat. Those who had a contrary opinion about the direction should repeat their Salaat.

Question:

Two persons are performing Salaat. The one is standing directly behind the other. If the musalli infront completes his Salaat first, can he move away to either the right or left side?

Answer:

It is permissible for him to move away whether to the right or left side.

Question:

After the Imaam stood up from Sajdah, a Muqtadi still remains in Sajdah. He joined the Imaam in Qiyaam after the Imaam had begun to recite Surah Faatihah. What is the position of the Muqtadi’s Salaat?

Answer:

Such delay is Makrooh. It is sinful. Nevertheless, the Muqtadi’s Salaat remains valid.

Question:

As the Imaam was making the right Salaam, a latecomer joined the Jamaat. He said his Takbeer Tahrimah just as the Imaam had ended the recitation of the first Salaam. Is his Salaat valid?

Answer:

His Salaat is not valid. He has to repeat his Salaat.If he had recited his Takbeer before the Imaam had completed the first Salaam, his Salaat would have been valid.

Question:

A Muslim joined a kuffaar gang and he indulges in their haraam and evil activities. The Imaam of our Musjid who is also the leader of our community has banned the Muslim gangster from the Musjid. He is now not allowed to come to the Musjid for any Salaat. Is the Imaam’s action condoned by the Shariah?

Answer:

The Imaam has acted in conflict with the Shariah. The Muslim gangster is a faasiq. While his misdeeds are evil and haraam, he still remains a Muslim, albeit a faasiq. The Musjid is not the private property of any person. The faasiq has the same right to worship in the Musjid as the Imaam. The Imaam has prevented the faasiq from discharging his Waajib duty of performing Salaat with Jamaat in the Musjid. In so doing, the Imaam is guilty of a great sin. The Imaam is also blocking a wonderful avenue for the reformation of the faasiq. His attendance of the Musjid and performance of Salaat will have a beneficial effect. He may gain hidaayat from his Salaat which may be the avenue by which he will acquire taufeeq to abandon his evil association and misdeeds. The Qur’aan Majeed says: “Verily, Salaat prevents from immorality and evil.”

Question:

After Fardh Salaat the Imaam usually turns to one side for the tasbeehaat and dua. Is it necessary to turn to the left or right?

Answer:

After the Fardh of Fajr and Asr the Imaam may turn to any side, right or left. Both are permissible.

Question:

When a Masbooq joins the Jamaat Salaat during the course of the Imaam’s qiraa’t, should he recite Thana?

Answer:

If it is a Sirri (Silent) Salaat, namely, Zuhr and Asr, the Masbooq should recite Thana immediately he joins the Jamaat. Furthermore, when he fulfils the missed raka’ts after the Imaam has ended the Salaat, then the Masbooq should again recite Thana in the first raka’t, i.e. the first raka’t which he will begin with after the Imaam has completed.

Question:

In the third and fourth raka’ts of Fardh Salaat, should the Hanafi muqtadi recite Surah Faatiha?

Answer:

Although there are two views o­n this question, the preferred view is that he should not recite anything.

Question:

Should the munfarid recite Takbeers of Salaat, the Tasmiah and the Tahmeed silently or audibly in the Jahri Salaat?

Answer:

Whether Jahri (Audible) or Sirri (Silent) Salaat, the Munfarid will always recite the Takbeers, Tasmiah (Sami Allaahu liman hamidah) and Tahmeed (Rabbana lakal hamd) silently. (Munfarid is a musalli who performs Salaat) alone.)

Question:

The Musjid’s trustee called on a beardless man to lead the Salaat inspite of there being others who follow the Sunnah and who can recite correctly. The beardless one led the Salaat. Should we repeat our Salaat on such occasions?

Answer:

If objecting to the appointment of a faasiq will not lead to violence, then such a person should be prevented from stepping forward to lead the Salaat. But if the trustees are hooligans who will commit violence if the faasiq is prevented, then refrain from any action. Simply repeat the Salaat. It is Waajib to repeat the Salaat performed behind a faasiq. o­ne who shaves his beard is among the worst of fussaaq.

The la’nat and ghadab of Allah Ta’ala settle o­n him every second of his life. Those who have spiritual insight and look with the Noor of Imaan can see that a beardless male’s face resembles swine’s flesh. It is for this reason that looking at the face of a beardless man causes great takleef (spiritual distress) to the pure souls of pious people. They do not hold the beardless o­ne in contempt. It is not permissible to despise anyone. A truly pious person does not hold in contempt the worst sinner. But just as a person cannot tolerate looking at faeces, so too the pious man cannot tolerate looking at a beardless face. And, the act of diverting the gaze from a beardless face is a Sunnat of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam).

When the emissaries of the Persian emperor came to meet Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), he turned his face away from them and asked:

Who instructed you to adopt this style 
(i.e., clean-shaven faces and long moustaches)?”

When they replied that their lord (i.e. their emperor) had ordered this style, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:

“But my Lord (Allah Azza Wa Jal) commanded me
to lengthen the beard and clip the moustache.”

Now when looking at the clean-shaven face of a kaafir was so abhorrent to Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), how much more abhorrent will it be looking at the mal’oon (accursed) clean-shaven face of o­ne who claims to follow Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)?

Question:

How is the imaamate of a haafiz who shaves his beard all year round, but grows it during Ramadhaan to enable him to lead the Taraaweeh Salaat. After Ramadhaan, he shaves his beard once again. Is the imaamate of such a haafiz permissible?

Answer:

The imaamate of this faasiq haafiz is Makrooh Tahrimi. It is not permissible to appoint a faasiq to lead the Salaat. If no pious haafiz is available, it is better to perform Taraaweeh reciting the short Surahs than to allow the faasiq haafiz to lead the Salaat.

Question:

What is the ruling regarding the use of a microphone for Salaat? Almost all Imaams in the Musaajjid, big and small, use microphones nowadays.

Answer:

Leaving aside the Shar’i arguments for the prohibition of using a microphone for Salaat, an intelligent Muslim does not embark on futility because Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Of the beauty of a man’s Islam is that he shuns things which are futile.” It is unintelligent to commit a futile act. Associating futility with ibaadat, especially Salaat, is sinful. It is haraam to introduce a futile act, an extraneous act, into Salaat. What is the purpose of a microphone. Everyone knows that it is to ensure that everyone in a large crowd is able to hear the speaker. But in all the Musaajid where the microphone has become “waajib” for the Fardh Salaat, we observe that even if there is one saff then too the microphone is used. Even in a small Musjid the microphone is used. Even if the Imaam’s voice reaches the ears of the furthest musalli clearly, then too the microphone is used.

What then is the purpose of using a microphone? Only riyaa and ujub are the motivation for following a baseless and a stupid style or custom instituted by trustees of the Musjid. The poor Imaam Saheb being a paid employee submits to this stupidity and allows himself to be chained with the little microphone fixed to his collar. Our senior Ulama unanimously ruled that it is Makrooh Tahrimi to use a microphone for Salaat and Khutbah. It may be used for the Athaan, but not for the Athaan of Jumuah inside the Musjid (i.e. the second Athaan).

Although there appears to be some validity in the argument presented for the need of microphones in very large Musaajid such as the Haramain Shareefain, there is absolutely no need to use microphones in any Musjid in South Africa. The changing of the Imaam’s positions can be adequately relayed to the muqtadis by means of Mukabbireen (i.e. musalliss appointed at vantage positions) to announce the Takbeer-e-Intiqaalaat (the Takbeers recited to announce the change of the Imaam’s position).

Question:

What is the ruling regarding children standing in the saff (rows) with men, during Salaat?

Answer:

It is Makrooh (reprehensible) for children to stand in the saff together with the men. They should stand in a separate saff behind the men. If there is only one child, then he may stand in the saff with the men, otherwise not.

Question:

A Maulana who normally is the Imaam at a Jamaat Khaanah was also the Imaam for Taraaweeh Salaat. During the middle of Ramadhaan he was instructed to stop leading the Taraaweeh because of a slight stutter problem. However, he was allowed to lead the Isha Salaat. Was this action correct?

Answer:

Before we comment on the action of the trustees who took the Maulana off the musalla, we should comment on the attitude of the Maulana Saheb. Inspite of them having humiliated him, he agreed to lead the Ishaa Salaat. If he is not good enough for the Taraaweeh, how can he be good for the Isha which is Fardh and has greater importance than the Taraaweeh? It is on account of this type of grovelling by the learned people of this age that fussaaq and fujjaar trustees are emboldened to audaciously do whatever comes in their nafs. They will not remove a faasiq hafiz who cuts and shaves his beard. They allow such fussaaq to lead the Taraaweeh, but they think nothing of humiliating the Maulana Saheb on account of his slight stuttering problem which is not fisq like the fisq of the beardcutters and shavers.

Question:

A person joins the jamaat while the Imaam is in Ruku’. He begins Takbeer Tahrimah standing and says ‘Allaahu’. He completes the Takbeer by saying ‘Akbar’ in Ruku’ in order to meet up with the Imaam in Ruku’. Is his Salaat valid?

Answer:

His Salaat is not valid. It is necessary to recite the full Takbeer in the Qiyaam position.