Inter-madh-hab Issues In Congregation

Q. Is it true that the followers of one Math-hab are not allowed to follow in Salaat an Imaam of another Math-hab?

A. It is false to claim that the followers of one Math-hab may not perform Salaat together with the followers of another Math-hab. The followers of all Four Math-habs have always been performing Salaat together. The only exception is during Witr Salaat in the month of Ramadhaan. Hanafis may not follow a Shaafi’ Imaam in Witr only.

 

Q. What is the position of our Salaat when we perform behind an Imaam of another Math-hab who does not consider the Hanafi muqtadis?

A. If the Imaam does an act which invalidates the Hanafi’s Salaat, he (the Hanafi) should repeat the Salaat. Whenever you are in a doubt regarding the validity of the Imaam’s Salaat in terms of the Hanafi Math-hab, then after the Jamaat, perform the Salaat over.

 

Q. If the Shaafi' Imaam's Salaat is not valid according to the Hanafi Math-hab, what should the Hanafi Muqtadi do?

A. If the Salaat of the Imaam is invalid according to the Muqtadi, then the muqtadi’s Salaat is invalid. This applies whether the Imaam is of another Math-hab or of the same Math-hab.

 

Q. The Imaam who is a Shaafi’ does not recite Durood after Tashahhud in Taraaweeh Salaat. He ends the Salaat after Tashahhud. What is the status of the Salaat of the Hanafis behind him? Most of the muqtadis are Hanafis.

A. The principle of the Hanafi and Shaafi’ Math-habs regarding the validity or invalidity of Salaat, is that the Math-hab of the Muqtadi will be the determinant. If according to the Mathhab of the Muqtadi, the Salaat is valid, then the Salaat of the Muqtadi is valid even if the Imaam’s Salaat is not valid in terms of his (the Imaam’s) Mathhab. In the case mentioned by you, the Salaat is valid according to the Hanafi Mathab, hence the Salaat of the Hanafis is valid. However, the Salaat of the Shaafis following this careless Shaafi’ Imaam will not be valid because Durood in Qa’dah Akheerah (the Last Sitting) is among the Arkaan (Fundamentals) according to the Shaafi’ Math-hab.

 

Q. My wife who is a Shaafi' followed me in Zuhr Salaat. After the completion of the Salaat, she made two Sajdah. When I questioned her, she said that in Qa'dah Ula she forgot to recite Durood, hence she had made Sajdah Sahw. Was she correct? What is the Shaafi' and the Hanafi view?

A. According to the Shaafi’ Math-hab, reciting Durood in the first Qa’dah (sitting position after two raka’ts) after Tashahhud is among such Sunnats called Ab’aadh. Omission of such a Sunnat necessitates Sajdah Sahw according to the Shaafi’ Math-hab. However, your wife erred in having made Sajdah Sahw because even if a muqtadi makes a mistake behind the Imaam, there is no Sajdah Sahw for him/her. Yes, if she was performing alone and had missed the Durood, then Sajdah Sahw would have been necessary. According to the Hanafi Math-hab, it is not permissible to recite Durood in Qa’dah Ula of Fardh and Witr Salaat. If mistakenly it is recited, then Sajdah Sahw is necessary. If mistakenly it is omitted in the last sitting, then there is no Sajdah Sahw. Durood is among the Sunnats according to the Hanafi’ Math-hab.

 

Q. What should Hanafis do when the Hanafi Imaam in order to appease the Shaafi musallis and maintain unity leads the Witr Jamaat during Ramadhaan in accordance with the Shaafi Math-hab?

A. The Witr of the Hanafis is not valid by following the misguided imam. Performing one raka’t separately is not valid in terms of the Hanafi Math-hab. Furthermore, Witr is Sunnat for the Shaafis and Waajib for Hanafis. Thus, the Waajib Salaat is not valid behind an imam who performs Sunnat Salaat. The argument of ‘unity’ is a figment of the imam’s nafs. Hanafis should perform their Witr separately. They should not join the jamaat led by the errant imam. At the same time, it is necessary to avoid involvement in fitnah which the deviate imam is sure to churn up if the Hanafis perform their own Witr Jamaat in the Musjid. After Taraaweeh, the Hanafis should leave the Musjid and organize their own Jamaat elsewhere so that the foolish imam is not afforded an occasion to initiate fitnah in the Musjid.

 

Q. Doesn’t the fact that a Hanafi may not pray behind a Shafi’i in witr prayers, or the existence of similar scenarios between followers of different madh-habs, cause disunity?

A. Genuine differences in Masaa-il never creates dissension and discord. The differences in the Four Math-habs are of this category. Despite the numerous differences in the rules of the Math-habs, such differences do not create discord among the followers who have a good understanding of the Haqq (Truth). Discord is invariably the product of gross ignorance. All Four Math-habs are the Haqq. Regardless of the many and wide differences in masaa-il, there has to be mutual acceptance and respect among the Muqallideen of the Math-habs. Ignorant people call for baseless ‘unification’ in ibaadat practices citing some imagined disunity which they contend develops in consequence of performing the ibaadat differently.

For example, the Witr Salaat during Ramadhaan. Even some molvis have become victim of jahaalat (ignorance). In some places it is advocated that Hanafi and Shaafi’ Imaams should alternate. The mixed jamaa’t of Hanafis and Shaafi’s one day performs Witr according to the Hanafi Math-hab, and the next day according to the Shaafi’ Math-hab. Such unification is baseless and not permissible. It is a mockery of the Deen. The Deen may not be subjected to whim and fancy. If Hanafis and Shaafi’s perform their respective Witr Salaat separately, this should not be a cause for ‘disunity’ or discord. If it develops into discord, it will be a reflection of the gross ignorance of people. Similarly, During Fajr Salaat, ignorant persons will insist that for the sake of imagined ‘unity’, the Hanafi Imaam should recite Qunoot to ‘appease’ the Shaafi’s who may be in the majority. If the Shaafi’s are in the majority, then a Shaafi’ Imaam should lead the Salaat.

But it is not permissible to make a mockery of the Deen by pruning, adding and deleting masaa-il to suit fancies and imagined goals of ‘unity’. There are many such masaa-il where differences prevail. The attitude should be respect and understanding. There is absolutely no need for a Hanafi to become annoyed by the Shaafi’s method of performance, and vice versa. Discord over these issues never develops among the learned. Only the juhhaal (ignora-muses) create mischief and discord in the name of an imagined ‘unity’.
Close Answer

 

Q. Is it permissible for Hanafis to follow a Shaafi ’ Imaam in Witr Salaat during Ramadhaan? If the Imaam is a Hanafi, can Shaafi’s follow in the Witr? Is there any difference in the Musjids in Makkah and Madina (the Haramain)?

A. It is not permissible for a Hanafi to follow a Shaafi’ Imaam in Witr. The reason for the prohibition are: (1) The Shaafi makes niyyat of Sunnat whereas for the Hanafi it is Waajib. (2) The Shaafi performs two and one raka’ts separately, i.e. with two Salaams whereas this is not permissible for Hanafis. This ruling applies in all Musaajid, even in the Haramain Musjids. It is permissible for the Shaafi’ to follow the Hanafi in Witr since three raka’ts performed by the Wasl method is valid.

 

Q. How should a Hanafi Imaam perform Witr if the majority of the musallis are ghair muqallids?

A. The Hanafi should not lead the Jamaat if the majority of the muqtadis are ghair muqallids. It is improper for the Hanafi to perform Witr the way the ghair muqallideen perform it.

 

Q. When the Imaam in Taraaweeh is a Shaafi’, how should the Hanafis behind him perform Witr?

A. If the Imaam is a Shaafi’, the Hanafis should make their own Witr Jamaa’t elsewhere.

 

Q. Is it permissible for Hanafis to perform Witr Namaaz behind ghair muqallids?

A. The ghair muqallids perform Witr in two batches –first two raka’ts, then one raka’t. Hanafis should perform their own Witr separately, not behind ghair muqallids.

 

Q. Should Hanafis follow the Imaams in Makkah and Madinah in the Witr Salaat?

A. Even in the Haram of Makkah and Madinah, Hanafis have to perform Witr separately. Their Witr will not be valid there behind the Imaams who do not perform Witr in accordance with the Hanafi Math-hab.

 

Q. I am a follower of the Shaafi’ Math-hab. What should I do about the Qunoot when I perform behind a Hanafi Imaam?

A. When performing behind a Hanafi Imaam, recite a very short Qunoot, then join the Imaam in Sajdah. The shortest Qunoot is: Allaahumma- ghfirli Yaa Ghafooro OR Allaahummar hamni Yaa Raheemo.

 

Q. The majority of the musallis are Shaafis in our Musjid, but the Imaam is a Hanafi. What is the position if the Hanafi Imaam makes Sajdah Tilaawat at an aayat which is not a Sajdah Tilaawat aayat for Shaafis?

A. If the majority of the congregation is Shaafi, a Shaafi’ should lead the Salaat. If the Hanafi leads the Salaat, he will have to make the Sajdah. When he makes the Sajdah, the Shaafi’ muqtadis must remain standing until the Imaam completes his Sajdah. Where it is not a Sajdah aayat for Shaafis, they must incumbently remain standing while the Hanafi Imaam makes the Sajdah.

 

Q. If the Imaam is a Hanafi, what should the Shaafi’ muqtadis do when he makes Sajdah at the aayat in Surah Ambiya which is not a Sajdah aayat for Shaafis?

A. When the Hanafi Imaam makes Sajdah Tilaawat at an aayat which is not an aayat of Sajdah for Shaafi’s, then the Shaafi’ muqtadis have to incumbently remain standing. It is not permissible for them to follow the Hanafi Imaam into the Sajdah. On the other hand, when the Hanafi Imaam abstains from Sajdah at an aayat which is a Sajdah aayat for Shaafis, they should not make Sajdah. Sajdah Tilaawat is Masnoon for Shaafis. It is not Waajib. However this does not mean that when a Shaafi’ performs Salaat alone he should omit the Sajdah. The meaning of Sunnat is not abandonment of a teaching of the Shariah nor should it be regarded as a trivial act. Nowadays the disease of denigrating the Sunnah has become endemic due to the propagation of the ulama-e-soo’. In the case of Sajdah Sahw from which the Shaafis should abstain when behind a Hanafi Imaam, the conflict is between a Sunnat and a Waajib, viz., Iqtida (following the Imaam). The Waajib act has preference and priority over the Sunnat act when a suitable reconciliation cannot be effected. Thus, omission of the Sunnat in this case is not on account of disdain or triviality.

 

Q. Last year during the Taraaweeh Salaat announcements were made in our Musaajid regarding Sajdah Tilaawat in the 23rd Juz. Since the Sajdah at this juncture is a Sajdah Shukr for Shaafis, they were advised to remain standing while Hanafis make the Sajdah which is Waajib for them. Please comment on this issue.

A. According to the Shaafi Math-hab, the Sajdah in Surah Swaad in the 23rd Juz, is Sajdah Shukr. It is not permissible for Shaafis to make Sajdah of Shukr in Salaat. If they do make such a Sajdah, their Salaat becomes baatil. In view of this categorical ruling of the Shaafi Math-hab, Shaafis have to remain standing while the Hanafis make the Sajdah.

 

Q. If the Imaam is a Hanafi, what should the Shaafi followers do when he makes Sajdah Tilaawat when it is not a Sajdah for the Shaafis, and what is the ruling vice versa?

A. The Hanafi muqtadis will follow the Shaafi’ Imaam in making Sajdah even if according to the Hanafi Mathhab the aayat is not a Sajdah Tilaawat verse. However, if the Imaam is a Hanafi, then Shaafi’ muqtadis may not follow him in making Sajdah if it is not a Sajdah aayat according to the Shaafi’ Math-hab. Shaafi’ muqtadis should remaining standing.

 

Q. The second Sajdah Tilaawat in Surah Hajj is for Shaafis. Is it permissible for a Hanafi to make Sajdah when this aayat is recited?

A. It is permissible.

 

Q. The number of Musallees in our Jamaat Khana is between fifteen and twenty-five. We all are Hanafis, but our Imaam is Shaafi. It is said that according to lmaam Shaafi (rahmatullahi alayh) a condition for the validity of Jumuah is the number of persons should be forty. Now what happens to our Jumuah Salaat and Khutbah in this case where the Imaam is a Shaafi, but leads the Jumuah Salaat and recites the Khutbah despite the number of Musallees being far less than forty?

A. The Jumuah obligation of the Hanafi Musallees is discharged since according to the Hanafi Madhab three Musallees will suffice for this purpose. However, the Jumuah of the Shaafi lmaam is not discharged. He being a member of the Shaafi Madh-hab should know better. To trifle with the Shariah is indeed most serious. This lmaam is most unreliable in leading the Jumuah Salaat and delivering the Jumuah khutbah when the compulsory conditions for the validity of the Jumuah according to his Madh-hab are lacking. This lmaam’s Jumuah is not valid, hence he will have to make Qadhaa of Zuhr for all Fridays which he has performed in this deficient manner.

 

Q. How is it to join the Asr Jamaat which Shaafis perform during a time which is still Zuhr for Hanafis?

A. Hanafis should not perform Asr Salaat when it is still Zuhr time according to their Math-hab. They should not join the Jamaat performing Asr during the Hanafi Zuhr time.

 

Q. I live in Cape Town where the musallis at the Musjid are predominantly Shaafi’. They perform Asr Salaat when it is still Zuhr time for Hanafis. May I join for the Asr Salaat? A sheikh says that I may not perform Zuhr when it is Asr time for Shaafis.

A. As a Hanafi you may not perform Asr Salaat when it is still Zuhr time for Hanafis. You may perform Zuhr as long as it is Zuhr time according to the Hanafi Math-hab even if it is Asr time for Shaafis.

 

Q. Is it permissible for a Hanafi to perform Zuhr Salaat behind a Shaafi Imaam who is performing Asr?

A. It is not permissible for Hanafis to perform Zuhr Namaaz behind the Imaam who is performing Asr.

 

Q. I am a Hanafi. The Imaam who is a Maaliki makes Sajdah Sahw without first Salaam to the right. What should I do?

A. According to the Hanafi Math-hab the Sujood Sahw is done after making one Salaam to the right. According to the other Math-habs, it is made before the Salaam. It is permissible for you to join the Imaam in Sajdah Sahw even if he makes the Sajdah before Salaam. However, you should not make Salaam.

 

Q. In Makkah and Madinah the Janaazah Salaat is terminated with only one Salaam. What should Hanafis do when they join the Janaazah Salaat?

A. Hanafis should make two Salaams. Making two Salaams is Waajib.

 

Q. I live on the border of a country. A Musjid about a kilometre away is across the border in the other country. If I happen to go to that Musjid in the other country should I perform Qasar Salaat? Will I be a musaafir? And, will it be permissible for me, a Hanafi, to lead the Shaafi musallis of that Musjid for Asr Salaat when it is still Zuhr time for Hanafis?

A. You will not be a musaafir in view of the distance not being musaafat-e-qasr (77 km). Irrespective of the other country to which you go, you remain a muqeem (a non-musaafir) since the intention is not to travel 77 km or more. Being a Hanafi it is not permissible for you to lead the Asr Salaat in Zuhr time even if the majority of the musallis are Shaafi’. A Shaafi’ will have to conduct the Salaat .

 

Q. Is it permissible to form a Jamaat with a Masbooq?

A. According to the Hanafi Math-hab it is not permissible to make Iqtida’ (to follow) a Masbooq. However, this is permissible for Shaafis.

 

Q. I had missed the Asr Salaat with Jamaat and had begun performing the 4 raka’ts Asr Fardh. A few Somali brothers joined me. I did not make intention to lead the Jamaat. People simply join one without knowing which Salaat one is performing, whether Nafl, Sunnat, Fardh or Qadha. I continued silently without reciting the Takbeers audibly. The group followed my motions while I completed my Salaat silently. What is the status of the Salaat of those who had joined? In future should I assume the position of the Imaam if this happens?

A. In the case described by you, Hanafis may not join you unless they are aware of the Salaat you are performing. If Hanafis are aware that you are performing Asr Fardh for example, then they may join you only for Asr. Then you should assume the Imaam’s position by moving forward, and conducting the Salaat as an Imaam would do. According to the Hanafi Math-hab, it is not a requisite for the Imaam to make intention of Imaamate. However, it is necessary for the Muqtadis to make niyyat of ‘following this Imaam’. They have to make the intention of Iqtida (i.e. of being muqtadis). For Shaafis it is permissible to join a person even if he is performing one Salaat and the muqtadis another Salaat, e.g. you were performing Asr, and perhaps those who joined were performing Zuhr Qadha. This according to the Shaafi Math-hab is valid. Even for Shaafis it is not compulsory for the Imaam to make niyyat of imaamate. Your Salaat was valid as well as the Salaat of the Somalis who had joined you since they are Shaafis. In future, say the Takbirs aloud.

 

Q. The Shaafi who led the Salaat was a musaafir. He performed four raka’ts for Isha’ instead of two raka’ts. What is the position of the Salaat of the Hanafis who were following him?

A. All Hanafis who had performed Salaat behind the musaafir Imaam who had made four raka’ts, should make qadha of their Isha’ Salaat. The Isha’ Salaat of the Hanafis was not valid.

 

Q. I am a Hanafi who lives in a predominantly Shaafi' locality where they perform Asr when it is still Zuhr for us. Should I join the Shaafi Asr Jamaat or perform alone?

A. As a Hanafi you have to perform Asr when it is Asr time for Hanafis. If the group refuses to delay Asr until the Hanafi Asr time, then perform alone in its proper time.

 

Q. I live on the border of a country. A Musjid about a kilometre away is across the border in the other country. If I happen to go to that Musjid in the other country should I perform Qasar Salaat? Will I be a musaafir? And, will it be permissible for me, a Hanafi, to lead the Shaafi musallis of that Musjid for Asr Salaat when it is still Zuhr time for Hanafis?

A. You will not be a musaafir in view of the distance not being musaafat-eqasr (77 km). Irrespective of the other country to which you go, you remain a muqeem (a non-musaafir) since the intention is not to travel 77 km or more. Being a Hanafi it is not permissible for you to lead the Asr Salaat in Zuhr time even if the majority of the musallis are Shaafi’. A Shaafi’ will have to conduct the Salaat .

 

Q. The Imaam who is a Shaafi’ makes Sajdah Sahw without making one Salaam to the right. What should the Hanafi muqtadis do?

A. According to the Shaafi’, Mathhab, Sajdah Sahw is made without making one Salaam to the right as Hanafis do. Hanafi Muqtadis should follow the Shaafi’ Imaam in this act. It is not a serious difference.

 

Q. I am a Hanafi and my wife a Shaafi'. What Math-hab should our children follow?

A. Your children should be taught the Hanafi Math-hab. If the father is a total ignoramus, and knows nothing of his own Math-hab, but the wife knows her Math-hab, then in this case the mother will teach the children according to her Math-hab.

 

Q. In terms of the Maaliki Mathhab, is Taraaweeh Salaat of the wife valid behind her husband?

A. According to the Hanafi Math-hab, if females are performing Taraaweeh or any Fardh Salaat behind the Imaam, it is necessary for him to make niyyat of being their Imaam. If he does not make this niyyat, the Salaat of the females behind him will not be valid. The same applies according to the Maaliki Math-hab. The husband who is the Imaam should make niyyat of imamate.

 

Q. I am a Maaliki. I missed the two Sunnats of Fajr and performed it after Ishraaq Salaat. Are the Sunnats valid?

A. The two raka’ts Sunnat of Fajr performed after Ishraaq are valid.

 

Q. In my country, Ghana, generally the people do not perform the two raka’ts Sunnat after the Fardh of Isha’. We follow the Maaliki Mathhab. What is the ruling of the Maaliki Math-hab regarding these two Sunnat raka’ts?

A. Those who do not perform the Sunnat Muakkadah after the Fardh of Isha are in grievous error. It is not permissible to completely abandon this Sunnat Salaat. The two raka’ts Sunnat after the Fardh of Isha are Sunnat Muakkadah according to all four Math-habs.

 

Q. Is it permissible for Maalikis to combine Zuhr and Asr due to heavy rain as is the case with Maghrib and Isha?

A. According to the Maaliki Mathhab, it is not permissible to combine Zuhr and Asr on account of severe rain as is done at the time of Maghrib and Isha. The concession is restricted to Maghrib and Isha.

 

Q. I am a follower of the Maaliki Math-hab. Are Ishraaq and Dhuha two separate Salaat?

A. According to the Maaliki Mathhab, there is only Dhuha Salaat after sunrise. The minimum is two raka’ts and the maximum is eight raka’ts. There is no separate Ishraaq Salaat according to the Maaliki Math-hab.

 

Q. Please explain how Maalikis should combine Maghrib and Isha Salaat on occasions of heavy rain.

A. The Maaliki method of combining Maghrib and Isha on occasions of heavy rain is as follows: The combination can be made only in the Musjid, not in private homes. The Maghrib Athaan will be called as usual. Then Maghrib Salaat will be delayed for a few minutes. The delay should be the time it takes to perform three raka’ts. After the three Fardh of Maghrib have been performed, a soft Athaan inside the Musjid, not on the Minaarah nor over the microphone, will be recited for Isha. Then Isha Salaat will be performed. There should be no Nafl Salaat performed between Maghrib and Isha Fardh. Similarly, when combining Maghrib and Isha, Nafl Salaat should not be performed after Isha. Witr Salaat has to be compulsorily performed during the Isha’ time.

 

Q. Is it permissible for Shaafis to recite a Surah in the 3rd and 4th raka’ts?

A. According to the Shaafi’ Math-hab and also according to the Hanafi Math -hab, a Surah should be recited after Surah Faatihah in the first two raka’ts of Fardh Salaat. It is not a Sunnah to recite a Surah after Surah Faatihah in the 3rd and 4th raka’t of Fardh Salaat. If the Shaafi’ performs four raka’ts Nafl, but with one Tashahhud, then he/she should recite a Surah in even the 3rd and 4th raka’t. However, if the four raka’ts Nafl are performed with two Tashahhuds, then a Surah should not be recited in the 3rd and 4th raka’ts.

 

Q. Are Shaafis allowed to recite Qunoot in Witr Salaat?

A. Shaafis are not allowed to recite Qunoot in Witr Salaat. Only during the last 15 nights of Ramadhaan are Shaafis allowed to recite Qunoot in the 3rd raka’t of Witr.

 

Q. How should Maalikis keep their hands during Salaat?

A. In Fardh Salaat, Maalikis should leave their hands at their sides. They should not fold them as Hanafis and others do. In Nafl, they may fold their hands on their breast.

 

Q. Is it permissible for Maalikis to perform Tahyatul Musjid during the Makrooh times?

A. According to the Maliki Math-hab, Tahyatul Musjid may not be performed at the Makrooh times.

 

Q. How many raka'ts Witr may Hanafis and Shaafis perform?

A. According to the Hanafi Math-hab Salaatul Witr is only three raka’ts. According to the Hambali and Shaafi’ Math-habs, the maximum number of raka’ts of Witr is eleven. The minimum is one raka’t. According to the Maaliki Math-hab, Witr is only one raka’t.

 

Q. I am a follower of the Maaliki Math-hab. If the muqtadi makes Salaam before the Imaam, what is the status of his Salaat?

A. According to the Maaliki Mathhab, if the Muqtadi makes Salaam before the Imaam, his Salaat is baatil (null and void).

 

Q. I follow the Maaliki Math-hab. When Maghrib and Isha are combined on account of heavy rain, when should the Sunnat Salaat of Maghrib be performed?

A. When Maghrib and Isha’ are combined in the Musjid due to heavy rain and mud, then Sunnats and Nafl will not be performed in the Musjid. After Maghrib, Isha will commence. Between Maghrib and Isha it is not permissible to perform any Nafl in the Musjid.

 

Q. What is the proper method of combining Maghrib and Isha due to rain, according to the Maaliki Math -hab?

A. When it is pouring heavily, then according to the Maaliki Math-hab, Maghrib and Isha may be combined in Maghrib time only in the Musjid, not at home. First the Maghrib Athaan will be proclaimed as usual. After the Athaan there will be a pause for the duration of three raka’ts. Then Iqaamat followed by the Maghrib Fardh will be performed. Thereafter, the Isha’ Athaan will be recited inside the Musjid, not from the Minaaret. This Athaan will be recited in a suppressed voice, not like the usual loud Athaan. Sunnat and Nafl Salaat will not be performed between Maghrib and Isha. After the Athaan will be the Iqaamah and Isha’ Fardh. It is not permissible to perform Witr immediately thereafter. Witr has to be performed in its proper time.

 

Q. A Shaafi did not recite Qunoot in Fajr Salaat. He remembered this omission only a day later. What should he do?

A. If the Shaafi’ forgets to recite Qunoot in Fajr, he has to make Sajdah Sahw. According to the Shaafi’ Math -hab, Sajdah Sahw is Sunnat. It is not Waajib. If he remembers in the sitting (Qa’dah) that he had omitted Qunoot, then he has to perform Sajdah Sahw. If he remembers after a day, there is no compensation other than to repent. The Salaat remains valid.