Miscellaneous Congregational Issues

Relevant Material

Importance and Virtues of Jama’at
(Shaykh Ashraf Ali Thanwi)

Rules Pertaining to Jama’at
(Shaykh Ashraf Ali Thanwi)

Fatwas on Prayer During an Eclipse
(Maulana A S Desai)


Q. If one does not hear the Athaan at the Musjid, is it still obligatory to attend the Musjid or Jamaat Khaanah for Salaat?

A. Performing Salaat in jamaa’t at the Musjid is not dependent on hearing the Athaan. Whether you hear the Athaan or not, it remains Waajib to go to the Musjid for the Fardh Salaat unless one has a valid reason for absence.


Q. I live many miles from the nearest Musjid. Can I perform Salaat at home?

A. It is permissible for you to perform Salaat at home.


Q. If one person is performing Salaat, may another person join him?

A. As long as the second person joining the person performing Namaaz has the same niyyat, the jamaat will be valid. If a person is performing Zuhr Fardh for example, and the second person who joins also has niyyat of Zuhr Fardh, then it will be valid.


Q. I enter the Musjid after the jamaat is over. A latecomer begins his own Salaat which in all likelihood is the Fardh which he had missed. Can I join him without knowing what his niyyat is?

A. If you are not aware of the Fardh Salaat which a person is performing then you may not join him. In this case perform your Salaat alone.


Q. Is it incumbent to place a sutrah in front of one if one is performing Salaat?

A. In an open space where people are passing in front of you, to use a sutrah is Sunnatul Muakkadah. (Sutrah is any raised object, e.g. a stick, bench or just anything which the musallis places in front of himself in line with one eye).


Q. In a Musjid a musalli going out, passes about 3 metres in front of someone performing Salaat. Does his Salaat break?

A. No, his Salaat does not break. Passing in front of musallis should be avoided. 


Q. If on entering the Musjid, the Fardh Jamaat is in progress, should the Sunnatul Muakkadah be performed?

A. Besides the Sunnats of Fajr, the Sunnats of the other Salaat should not be performed at this time. As long as joining the Fajr Jamaat in even the last raka’t is possible, the two raka’ts Sunnat of Fajr should be performed. While the Jamaat is in progress, the Sunnats should not be performed inside the Musjid. It should be performed outside the Musjid or in the section which is not the Musjid proper or right at the back where there is no separate or adjacent section.


Q. If the Fajr Jamaat has started should one perform the Fajr Sunnats first or join the Jamaat without performing the Sunnats?

A. Our Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) has placed much emphasis upon the two rakaats Sunnat of Fajr. As far as possible one should endeavour to execute the two Rakaats Sunnat of Fajr. If you are reasonably certain that you will obtain the Jamaat even though it be in Tashah-hud, then first perform the Sunnats, thereafter join the Jamaat. However, if by engaging in the Sunnats you will miss the Jamaat then join the Jamaat and make “Qadha” (fulfill) of the Sunnats after sunrise, but before Zawwaal (midday). It should be remembered that the “Qadha” of the Sunnats of Fajr is not compulsory.


Q. At what point should the muqtadis follow the Imaam? Some muqtadis wait until the Imaam has reached the next position. Is this correct?

A. The Muqtadis (followers) should move almost simultaneous with the Imaam, not before him. They should not delay until the Imaam has completed the movement.


Q. Some muqtadis release their hands when the Imaam has not completed his Qiraa’t. He may be reciting the last aayat when they release their hands and wait for the Imaam to go into Rulu’. Is it permissible to do so?

A. Although their Salaat remains valid, it is not permissible to adopt this practice.


Q. Our Imaam recites the Takbir for the next position only after he has entered that position, e.g. He says the Takbir only when he is in Sujood, not while proceeding to Sujood. Do the Muqtadis follow his action or wait until he announces the Taknir in Sujood?

A. The Imaam is in error for saying the Takbir only when he reaches the Sujood. Follow his action. Don’t wait for his Takbir if he says it at such a late stage of the rukn.


Q. What should the muqtadi (the one who follows the Imaam) recite in Salaat?

He recites Thana, the Ruku and Sajdah Tasbeehs, the Takbeers when changing positions, Tahmeed (Rabbana lakal Hamd)Attahiyaat, Durood, Dua and the Salaams. He does not recite any Qira’t after the Imaam.


Q. When the Imaam recites Takbeer to change positions, should the Muqtadis also recite the Takbeer?

A. Yes, the Muqtadis should recite Takbeer, Thana, Tasbeeh, Aameen, Tasmee’, Tashahhud, Qunoot in Witr, Durood and Dua silently. However, Shaafi’s recite Aameen audibly.


Q. The Imaam makes Salaam whilst the Muqtadi is still reciting Durood. What should the Muqtadi do?

A. The muqtadi should follow the Imaam and make Salaam even if he has not completed his Durood.


Q. Is it correct that Hanafis should not recite Qiraa't in Zuhr and Asr if they perform behind an Imaam?

A. Yes, in Zuhr and Asr, you may not recite qiraa’t despite the fact that the Imaam’s recitation is silent. You have to however recite the Takbeer, Tasbeeh, etc., everything except the qiraa’t.


Q. When performing Salaat behind an Imaam, should one recite the Takbeer?

A. When performing Salaat , whether alone or behind an Imaam, the Takbeer (Allahu Akbar) should be recited silently. Reciting the first Takbeer (Takbeer Tahrimah) is Fardh. The other Takbeers are Sunnat.


Q. During the Sirri Salaat, is it pemissible for the muqtadis to recite Qiraa’t?

A. Even during the Sirri (Silent) Salaat (Zuhr and Asr), the Muqtadis should not recite Qiraa’t. Besides qiraa’t, they should recite everything else.


Q. When should the muqtadi begin making Salaam? After the Imaam has made one or two Salaams or together with him?

A. The muqtadi should delay a second then make Salaam. In other words, he should not begin his Salaam precisely with the Imaam, for then he may complete before the Imaam. The delay is hardly noticeable. He should not wait until the Imaam has completed one or two Salaams.


Q. An Imaam stretches his second Salaam, perhaps abnormally. May the muqtadi complete the second Salaam before the Imaam?

A. No. He should wait until the Imaam has completed his second Salaam, even if he ‘stretches’ it. One should not turn one’s head to normal position while the Imaam is still engaged in the Salaam.


Q. What should the muqtadi do when the Imaam makes Salaam while he (the Muqtadi) has not yet completed Durood Ibraahim? In many Musjids, it appears that during Taraaweeh, the Imaams/Huffaaz do not recite Durood Ibraaheem or they recite it too fast.

A. It has become an evil trend in most Musjids for the Imaam to make Salaam during Taraaweeh before most of the muqtadis have completed their Durood and Dua. It is not permissible for the Imaams to despoil the Salaat in this manner. Nevertheless the Salaat is valid. The Muqtadis should make Salaam with  the Imaam even if they have not completed their Durood.


Q. A Mufti was asked: “The Imaam leads the Taraaweeh Salaat sitting on a chair. Is the Salaat of the Muqtadis valid?” The Mufti Sahib responded that he ‘thinks’ that it is valid. What is the ruling?

A. The Mufti Sahib’s reply was improper. He should not have said that he ‘thinks’. The correct reply for him was to have said: “I don’t know or I shall check the mas’alah….” This would have been an honourable answer. There are innumerable masaa-il which all the Ulama are unaware of. It is never belittling to say: ‘I don’t know’. The Salaat of the standing Muqtadis behind the imam who sits in a chair and leads, is not valid. The Salaat of a musalli who makes proper / normal Ruku and Sajdah is not valid behind a person who executes these Arkaan with signs.


Q. A Imaam when leading the Salaat, stands completely inside the Mihraab. Is this proper?

A. It is Makrooh for the Imaam to stand completely inside the Mihraab. At least his feet should be out of the Mihraab. Furthermore, if there is sufficient space for the musallis, then he should stand completely outside the Mihraab.


Q. Should the Imaam stand inside or outside the Mihraab when leading the congregation?

A. The Imaam should be outside of the Mihraab. It is Makrooh for the lmaam to be inside the Mihraab in such a way that his feet as well are within the Mihraab. However, if his feet are not in the Mihraab it will not be Makrooh.


Q. If the Imaam’s Wudhu breaks while he is leading a large congregation, what should he do?

A. One who is an lmaam should firstly acquaint himself with the necessary Masaail pertaining to lmaamate. He should know what to do in such an exigency. In this case he shall have to appoint another in his stead and proceed to renew his Wudhu. As his Wudhu breaks, he shall draw a Musallee immediately behind him in his (lmaam’s) place. This new lmaam (the representative of the lmaam) shall continue with the Salaat from the point where the lmaam was forced to abdicate.


Q. The Imaam did not make Sajdah Sahw when it was Waajib. What has to be done in such a situation?

A. If Sajdah is not made when it is necessary, the Salaat has to be repeated before expiry of the time of that Salaat.


Q. The Imam of a certain Musjid wears his trousers below his ankles and attends the cinema as well. Can we read our Namaaz behind him?

A. Wearing the trousers below the ankles and attending the cinema are kabeerah (great) sins. The perpetrator of kabeerah sins in public is described by the Shariah as a Faasiq, and it is Makrooh Tahrimi (which, in the technical language of the Fuqahaa means prohibited – forbidden) to appoint a Faasiq as the Imam. However, performance of Salaat behind a Faasiq is valid. A Muslim should not absent himself from Jamaat Salaat because the Imam happens to be a Faasiq. The sin falls upon those responsible for his appointment. Hadhrat Ibn Umar (radhiallahu anhu), one of the eminent Sahaba (radhiyallahu anhu), said that the sign of one who is a member of the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jamaah, is that he performs his Salaat behind an Imam regardless of whether he (the Imam) is a pious or an evil person.


Q. The Imam of our mosque allows his wife to go to the cinema and serve behind his shop counter thus encouraging her free association with males. What does Islam say about the Imaamat of such a person?

A. According to the Shariah, a man who permits his wife to talk and associate with males is called a Dayyooth which indeed is a very harsh term. Note that it was Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) himself, who coined this description for a man who permits his wife to be in association with males. The Imaamat of this Imam is forbidden, although the Salaat conducted by him is valid.


Q. If there is a gap in the front Saff, is it compulsory to fill the gap? Who should fill the gap?

A. It is necessary/waajib to fill a gap in the saff in front of you during Salaat. The musalli – any one – alongside the gap should take a single step sideways to fill the gap. In other words, all the musallis in the saff will have to move to fill the gap. This is the best. However, if the musallis standing next to the gap are ignorant and refrain from filling the gap, then the musalli standing in the row behind directly in line with the gap should move forward to fill the space. If the gap is not right in front of you, and it will entail much walking to fill the gap, then you should not walk to the gap. The one who is in front of the gap is guilty of sinning for leaving the gap.


Q. When moving ahead to fill a gap in the saff should the hands remain folded?

A. Yes, the hands should remain folded when moving to fill the gap. Don’t walk normally with a few steps. Take one wide step forward.


Q. If I enter the Musjid and there is no space in the saff, where should I stand?

A. When forming a new saff, begin from the centre, i.e. in line with the Imaam.


Q. If one enters the Musjid at a time when the Jamaat has already started, and there is no place in the Saff – what should one do? Stand alone in the middle or at the side?

A. The original Mas’alah or Rule is to draw one of the Muqtadis (congregants) from either the left or right side of the Saff (preferably the left side) and form a new Saff. However, nowadays, due to the colossal ignorance prevailing among Muslims regarding Islamic Knowledge, it is not advisable to draw anyone out of the Saff for he (due to ignorance) is liable to perpetrate an act which will nullify his Salaat. It is best to stand at the side, forming a ‘Saff’ alone. (Fataawa Darul Uloom)


Q. After reciting an aayat of Sajdah the Imaam went immediately into Ruku’. He did not make the Sajdah. Has the Sajdah been discharged?

A. Yes, the obligation is fulfilled. The Ruku’ suffices for this Sajdah although it is not proper to adopt this method. The Sajdah should be made.


Q. Our Imaam pauses for some time in the last Qa’dah after he has completed the Durood and Dua. Before making Salaam he waits for a duration far in excess of three Subhaanallaah tasbeehaat. His reason for this long pause is to ensure that all the musallis have completed their Durood and Dua. Is this practice of the Imaam correct?

A. It is incorrect. It is not permissible to pause so long. There should be absolutely no pause after the completion of the Dua. Salaam should follow immediately. If the Imaam believes that some musallis have not completed their dua, he should continue reciting another dua. This practice of the Imaam is Makrooh. It cannot be corrected by Sajdah Sahw because the pause is not by error. It is by design. He should desist from this Makrooh act.


Q. In the Fardh Salaat and the Witr during Ramadhan, the Imaam recites in his first raka’t Surah Feel and in the second raka’t, Surah Maa-oon, leaving out Surah Quraish. Is this correct?

A. It is Makrooh to omit a short Surah in Salaat. Although the Salaat is valid, the Imaam should not commit this omission. After Surah Feel he should recite Surah Quraish.


Q. If the Imaam fell down unconscious in Salaat, what should the muqtadis do?

A. The Salaat breaks. They should attend to the Imaam and perform the Salaat over.


Q. The Imaam recited iyyaaka na'badu (with a fathah), instead of na'budu (with a dhammah). Is the Salaat valid?

A. The Salaat is valid. As long as a corrupt meaning change has not been produced by an error in Qira’at, the Salaat remains valid, e.g. Iyyaaki, instead of iyyaaka; Rabbal Aalameen, instead of Rabbil Aalameen; Tilkal Kitaabi, instead of Tilka aayaatul Kitaabi; Thumma innakumul qiyaamati tub-athoon, instead of Thumma innakum yaumal qiyaamati tub-athoon. Change of harkaat and omission of a word which do not effect a corrupt change in the meaning do not invalidate


Q. The Imaam recited in the first raka’t of Isha Fardh, Surah Wash-Shams, and in the second raka’t, Surah Wat-Taariq. Is the Salaat valid?

A. The Salaat is valid. It is sinful to intentionally invert the order of the Surahs. There is no reproach if it happens by mistake.


Q. There is a trend nowadays for the Imaam to recite a very long Surah in the first raka’t and a very short Surah in the second raka’t. To justify this practice, some quote the Imaams of the Haram Shareef. Is this correct?

A. It is improper to habitually recite in this manner. During Jumuah and Eid Salaat, the Qiraa’t in both raka’ts should be more or less the same. It will therefore be Makrooh to recite a very short Surah in the second raka’t in Jumuah and Eid Salaat.


Q. The Imaam in our Musjid sometimes recites a very long Surah or about 30 verses in the first raka’t of Fardh Salaat, and in the second raka’t he recites a very short Surah of 3 or 4 aayats, e.g. Surah Ikhlaas, Surah Falaq. Is this practice proper?

A. It is improper. The qira’at in the raka’ts should be more or less equal. Commenting on such disparity in the qira’at, Hadhrat Thaanvi (rahmatullah alayh) said that it is like a person with one long leg and one short leg.


Q. What should one do if a musalli standing alongside one in Fardh Jamaat Salaat faints and falls down?

A. Break the Salaat immediately and assist him. Try to prevent him from falling. Some musallis in his vicinity should break their Salaat and assist him. They should carry him away from the Jamaat.


Q. A musalli joins the jamaat in the first raka’t after the Imaam has commenced the qira’at. Should he recite Thana?

A. He should not recite Thana. Only if the Imaam has not yet commenced the qira’at, should he recite Thana.


Q. If one joins the Jamaat Salaat while the Imaam is reciting Qiraa’at, should Thana be recited?

A. If it is a Jahri Salaat, i.e. the Qira’at is recited audibly, then the latecomer should not recite Thana. If it is a Sirri (Silent) Salaat, Thana should be recited.


Q. Should a late-comer joining the Jamaat recite Thana?

A. If it is a Sirri [silent] Salaat (Zuhr or Asr), or if you join in the third or fourth raka’at of Fardh which is Sirri, then after Takbir Tahrimah recite Thana. If it is a Jahri [loud] Salaat and the Imaam is reciting Qiraa’t, then don’t recite Thana. Recite it in the first raka’t after the Imaam has ended the Salaat. In the first instance where you have recited Thana upon joining in a Sirri Salaat, repeat Thana when you fulfil your missed raka’ts.


Q. I have been told that it is necessary to say ‘Assalaamu Alaikum’ when entering the Musjid even if people are engaging in Salaat, Tilaawat, etc. Is this correct?

A. It is not permissible to make Salaam when people are performing Salaat or engaging in Tilaawat, dua, etc.


Q. In our Musjid, while the Jumuah bayaan (talk) is in progress a man gets up and applies ittar (perfume) to the musallis. This is disturbing to many musallis. Is it permissible for this man to do this?

A. It is not permissible. The Musjid is not a place for such display of ‘generosity’. This is a customary act of riya. Also, every fragrance of perfume does not agree with some people. Some fragrances cause headaches to people. This act also distracts people from the bayaan. The brother should be admonished and requested to desist from his act of ‘generosity’ in the Musjid.


Q. After the Fardh Salaat in Jamaat is it permissible to stand up immediately to engage in the Sunnat Salaat?

A. It is permissible to stand up immediately after the Salaat in jamaa’t to engage in the Sunnah Salaat. However, one should not do so as a normal practice. Recite a short dua silently, then get up.


Q. In your issue Vol. 18 No. 12 you have described as bid’ah the practice of Imaams making a bayaan or tafseer immediately after the Fardh Salaat. I am one such Imaam in a Musjid where our seniors want it that way. I am at a loss. So, my question is: Is it better for me to resign my position or follow my employer’s instruction because I understand that it is not such a very serious issue. Your advice will be very helpful.

A. The fact that you have described a bid’ah ‘not such a very serious issue’ reveals that you have not understood the meaning and the vile consequences of bid’ah. Assuming that it is not a ‘very serious issue’, then too, according to the Hadith the one who regards sin lightly is like one who thinks lightly of Allah Ta’ala. Hadhrat Aishah (radhiyallahu anha) warned that we should not minimize such sins which people regard as ‘little sins’. All sins are great and evil, and what is regarded as ‘little’ ultimately develops into what every Tom, Dick and Harry acknowledges is ‘gigantic’ sin. It does not require colossal intelligence, deep insight and the knowledge of a genius to understand that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), the Sahaabah, the Taabi-een, the Tabe Taabieen and the Fuqaha of all ages, performed the Sunan-e-Rawaatib (the Sunnats after the Fardh) immediately after the Fardh Salaat. There was no activity, Deeni or worldly, interspersing between the Fardh and Sunnat Salaat.

But more than 14 centuries after the completion and perfection of Islam, and while the Pattern of life of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and the Sahaabah is fresh and glaring in front of us, we find seniors inventing new practices. Regardless of the logic of the benefits they may perceive in this new interruption between Fardh and Sunnat Salaat, the bottom line is the fact that it is a practice alien to the Sunnah. As such it must be abandoned. This should be adequate to debunk your ‘not so very serious’ idea. Whether you should resign or not, is left to you. We refrain from advising you on this aspect. An interruption between the Sunnat and Fardh Salaat is a serious issue which no longer concerns even the Ulama. If after the two Sunnats of Fajr and after the four Sunnats of Zuhr, one engages in any worldly act, then the Sunnats should be repeated. If after the Fardh Salaat the musallis engages in some conversation thereby delaying the immediate performance of the Sunnat Salaat, then according to some Fuqaha, the Sunnatul Muakkadah Salaat is lost. There is no way of compensating for it other than Istighfaar.

Another view is that while the Sunnatul Muakkadhah is valid, the thawaab is substantially reduced. Thus, according to both views there is substantial damage to the Salaat as a consequence of an interruption not sanctioned by the Sunnah. According to the Fuqaha, this damage to the Salaat is the consequence of every act which negates the Tahreemah (i.e. the Salaat), and is not confined to worldly acts. Just as reciting from the Qur’aan Majeed naatharah (i.e. looking in the Mushaf – copy of the Qur’aan) negates Salaat, and just as doing kitaab-reading during Salaat invalidates Salaat, so too do these acts of virtue negate the Sunnat-e-Muakkadah Salaat according to one view, and according to the other view, reduces the thawaab. Precisely for this reason, that is, to avoid an interruption, it is not permissible for the Imaam to engage in a long dua after such Fardh Salaat followed by Sunnatul Muakkadah (i.e. Zuhr, Maghrib and Isha). The Fuqaha have categorically prohibited this.

Furthermore, the Fuqaha have ruled that even Aayatul Kursi, Tahmeed and Tahmeed (and any form of Thikr) should be delayed until after the Sunnatul Muakkadah. The interruption which is validated by the Shariah is only a Dua equal in length to the usual “Allahumma Antas salaam……..” The Fuqaha base this on the narration of Hadhrat Aishah (radhiyallahu anhua). As for the other athkaar narrated in the Ahaadith, the Fuqaha have adequately explained these. It is not proper and not permissible for us Muqallideen to look beyond the confines of the Rulings of the Aimmah-e-Mujtahideen.

Some Fuqaha have said: “To commence the Sunnats immediately after the Fardh is Masnoon.” The Masnoon interruption of the short Dua does not affect the Ittisaal (or immediate adjoining). If the Sunnatul Muakkadah is performed after auraad and athkaar, then while the Sunnats will be discharged, it will not be in accordance with the Sunnah since the Sunnah time adjoins the Fardh Salaat. However, in one view, the Sunnatul Muakkadah is irreparably eliminated. Now that you have understood the emphasis which the Shariah places on Ittisaal (immediate adjoining) between Fardh and Sunnat Salaat, you will, if you are unbiased and in search of the Haqq, better understand the prohibition of interrupting this Ittisaal with Kitaab-reading. While there is no compensation for this Ittisaal if lostthere is a compensation for the kitaabreading. It could be delayed until after the musallis have comfortably completed their Salaat which is the primary obligation when visiting the Musjid.
Close Answer




Q. During the month of Ramadhaan we have our weekly bayaan on Tuesday after Zuhr Salaat for about ten minutes after the Fardh of Zuhr. Is it proper for the person giving the bayaan to use a microphone? This disturbs some people who are reciting the Qur’aan Shareef while others are performing the Sunnats and Nafl of Zuhr Salaat.

A. Both the bayaan and the microphone are not permissible at the inopportune time fixed for the talk. Firstly, it is not permissible to delay the Sunnatul Muakkadsah Salaat after the Fardh. It is incumbent to immediately engage in the Sunnat Salaat which follows the Fardh. It is not permissible to become involved in a bayaan or even Tilaawat of the Qur’aan Majeed after the Zuhr, Maghrib and Isha Fardh Salaat. It is permissible to only recite a Dua or make Thikr for the duration of the normal Alahumma antas salaam….. dua. After the Fardh Salaat there should be no bayaan. Secondly, it is haraam to disturb the musallis with the microphone.


Q. How is it to perform Nafl Namaaz in Jamaat?

A. With regard to the performance of Nafl Salaat in congregation the Ruling is that it is permissible if the congregants are only one or two. If the number of congregants is four then it will be Makrooh Tahrimi. Difference of opinion prevails among the Ulama if the number of congregants is three. Some say that it is permissible while others say that it is Makrooh. In this case it is best to abstain from performing Nafl by Jamaat. Allah knows best.


Q. If the wheels of a wheelchair are napaak (impure/dirty) will it be permissible for the person to enter into the Musjid with the chair or should he perform Salaat at home?

A. It is not permissible to bring a najis wheelchair into the Musjid. If the disabled person has no way of first getting the wheels cleaned, then he should remain at home for Salaat.


Q. A scholar says that to combine two Salaats (Zuhr and Asr/Maghrib and Isha) will be permissible for those who fear that they will miss any Salaat when they go to watch the world cup matches.

A. Indeed Qiyaamah cannot be too far off. When Salaat is being made subservient to fisq and fujoor – to an event of vice and immorality, then we can state with confidence that the following Ahaadith are fully applicable: * Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said that of his Ummah 999 from every thousand will enter Jahannum. * Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) said that there will dawn an age when people will congregate in the Musaajid and perform Salaat but not a single one of the musallis will be a Mu’min. The fellow who answered the satanic question by digging out permissibility for combining Salaat for a haraam purpose and without the essential conditions for validity, is an absolute jaahil or a member of the Ulama-e-Soo’ who treacherously betrays Allah Ta’ala, the Rasool (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), the Ummah and Islam. How can a learned man with healthy Imaan ever condone a concession for people whose sole purpose for availing themselves of the concession is the perpetration of vile acts of haraam? Combining Salaat is not permissible at all according to the Hanafi Math-hab even on a journey. Those who had availed themselves of the jaahil’s ‘fatwa’ should make qadha of the Salaat. While according to other Math-habs combining of Salaat is permissible in certain cases, the ‘learned men’ of the other Math-habs who legalize it for the haraam games are members of the fraternity of evil ulama. In the circumstances Jama’ Bainas Salaatain (combining two Salaat) is not permissible according to all Four Mathhabs.


Q. I have seen some people using the miswaak inside the Musjid just before beginning with Salaat. Is it proper to use miswaak in the Musjid, especially when about to begin Salaat? Some say that this is Sunnat.

A. It is improper to use miswaak in the Musjid and just before beginning Salaat. It is not Sunnat. Those who have adopted this practice have misunderstood the Hadith. Miswaak should be used at the time of wudhu or at any other time, not inside the Musjid when about to perform Salaat. Without water, the miswaak does not serve its purpose of cleaning the mouth.


Q. A city has experienced very little rain this season. There has been a less than 2% inflow into the supply dams. Can we perform Salaat in the Musjid for rain?

A. When there is a drought, then Salaatul Istisqa’ is Sunnat. This Salaat is performed on the outskirts of the city, not in the Musjid. Everyone may make dua for rain individually in the Musjid or at home. It is not permissible to perform any congregational Salaat or Dua in the Musjid for this purpose. It is Bid’ah.


Q. My time off at work is from 12 to 1 p.m. I am therefore unable to be present for the Jamaa’t Salaat at 1.15 p.m. Is it permissible for me to perform my Zuhr at the Musjid before the Athaan after Zawwaal?

A. It is permissible for you to perform Zuhr Salaat even before the Athaan as long as it is after Zawwaal.


Q. Is it Sunnat after the Fardh Salaat to move away to another spot for the Sunnat Salaat? Is it permissible to perform the Sunnat Salaat on the same spot where Fardh is performed?

A. It is Mustahab to move and perform the Sunnat at another spot. It is permissible to perform the Sunnat in the same place where the Fardh is performed.


Q. Is it permissible for Hanafis to perform Tahyatul Musjid during Fajr time?

A. According to the Hanafi Mathhab it is not permissible to perform Tahyatul Musjid during Fajr time.


Q. Is it permissible to perform Qadha Salaat immediately after the Fajr Salaat?

A. Yes, you may perform Qadha Salaat immediately after Fajr Fardh Salaat or even before the Fardh. However, the Qadha if made after Fajr Salaat or after Asr Salaat should not be performed in the Musjid because others will know that one is making qadha. These times are not valid for Nafl Salaat, but Qadha is permissible. To perform Qadha in such a manner which reveals this fact to others is not permissible. Therefore perform Qadha at home.


Q. I spend considerable time inside the Musjid reading Qur’aan Shareef. Children here (in Karachi) play cricket outside the Musjid. Sometime the ball is hit into the Musjid. These children enter the Musjid to drink water from the cooler. They do not perform Salaat. They continue playing cricket while the Athaan is recited, and throughout the duration of Jamaat Salaat. Other faasiqs also drink water from the Musjid’s cooler. I feel uneasy drinking from the same cups/glasses from which these children and other flagrantly disobedient people drink. What is your advice?

A. Take with your own mug/cup to drink water. The evil effects of the fussaaq may be in the utensils from which they drink, not in the water which is in the container/tank.


Q. I am an ignorant Muslim. I seldom performed Salaat. Allah Ta'ala guided me and I began attending the Musjid. Being ignorant of the rules of Salaat, I stood in the row together with the children. One of the elders of the Musjid approached me and in the presence of all the congregants yelled at me. He insulted me for my ignorance. Does an elder have the right to embarrass a musalli in this way. I no longer attend Salaat in that Musjid. Please comment on this method of admonition.

A. Undoubtedly, the Musjid elder grievously erred in the manner in which he acquitted himself. Whilst you had erred, he had committed a major sin for embarrassing you in public. It is not permissible to embarrass people for errors which they commit due to ignorance or unintentionally. He was supposed to have explained to you in privacy what the rule is. Or if there was space in the saff (row) of the adults, he should have politely asked you to step forward and fill the gap. If there was no space in the saff ahead of you, then you had no option but to stand in the saff with the children.


Q. Is there Sunnah significance in shaking hands after Fardh Salaat? Many people have adopted this practice.

A. There is no Sunnah significance in this baseless innovation. After Fardh Salaat is not the occasion for musaafahah (hand-shaking). It is the occasion for performing the Sunnat Salaat or engaging in Tasbeeh and Dua if there are no Sunnat Salaat.


Q. After many years it was discovered the Qiblah direction of a Musjid was completely erroneous. The direction has now been rectified. What is the status of all the Salaat performed facing the wrong direction ? Should all the past Salaat be repeated?

A. The Salaat performed in the past is valid regardless of the wrong direction. There is no need to repeat the Salaat.


Q. Is it permissible to take a kitaab from the Musjid to read at home?

A. No, you may not take the Musjid’s kitaab home. After reading it, replace it in the Musjid. Any Musjid’s property may not be taken home.


Q. In England trained dogs take their blind masters to the Musjid. The dogs remain in a rest area near the entrance of the Musjid. Is this permissible?

A. It is not permissible to take a dog to the Musjid even if a ‘rest area near the entrance of the Musjid’ has been set up for the dogs. All annexes to the Musjid are in the category of the Musjid even if they are not part of the Musjid proper. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said that the Malaaikah do not enter a home wherein there is a dog. Dogs are abhorred by the Malaaikah. Although it is permissible to have a guide dog, the dog may not be taken to the Musjid and tied or left at the entrance. If this becomes a trend, there may soon be packs of dogs at Musjid entrances.


Q. If in a village the men are totally ignorant and unable to recite anything from the Qur’aan, will it be permissible for a knowledgeable woman to lead these ignorant men in Salaat?

A. It will never be permissible for a woman to lead men in Salaat regardless of how ignorant the men, and how knowledgeable the woman may be. The men’s Salaat behind a woman will not be valid.