In India there is a senior Maulana who has been teaching Hadith for several decades. The Maulana Saheb has abandoned taqleed of the Hanafi Math-hab in some, not all, issues in which he feels that the Hanafi Math -hab’s dalaa-il are not the strongest. Examples are Rafa’ Yadayn and combining two Salaat as the Shaafis do. In addition, this Maulana differs with some of the Aqaa-id of the Maturidis and Ash’aris. This Maulana feels that he has sufficient knowledge to abandon Taqleed. In this day and age is it possible and permissible for an Aalim to reach the level of Ijtihad of the Aimmah-e-Mujtahideen? Please comment.
There is no waste in Allah’s Schemes. When there was a need for a Ghazaali, Allah Ta’ala created one. When there is a need for a Mujaddid, Allah Ta’ala sends one. Allah Ta’ala does not inspire people to indulge in futility and destruction. There was the need to confront and neutralize the kuffaar philosophers, hence Allah Ta’ala created Imaam Ghazaali (rahmatullah alayh) to execute this task. There was a need to oppose the kufr of the Mu’tazilis, hence Allah Ta’ala created the Ulama of Kalaam. There was a need to oppose the belief of Khalq-e-Qur’aan of the Mu’tazilis whose belief was being promoted harshly by the Khalifah of the time. Thus, Allah Ta’ala sent Imaam Ahmad Bin Hambal (rahmatullah alayh) in the field to oppose and neutralize this kufr. There was the need to fight bid’ah, hence Allah Ta’ala sent Mujaddid Alf-eThaani to do the job.
But in our time there is absolutely no need to create controversies regarding issues such as Rafa’ Yadain and Maturidi/ Ash’ari issues. These were issues which were settled centuries ago by the Ahl-e-Haqq. There is no benefit in kicking up dust on these issues of difference among the Math-habs. By digging up issues which have been settled by the illustrious Fuqaha many many centuries ago, the jaahil Maulana is creating discord and dissension in the Ummah. He is not fighting baatil. He is not engaging in Amr Bil Ma’roof with his stupid ‘ijtihaad’. He is bereft of the ability of Ijtihaad. When a muqallid seeks to acquit himself like a Mujtahid, he merely illustrates his jahaalat. We believe such persons to be morons. His expertise in the branches of Deeni Uloom does not qualify him to be a Mujtahid.
The fact that he considers himself capable of opposing the Giants of Uloom such as Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahmatullah alayh) speaks volumes for his jahaalat and self-deception. He has fallen into the trap of shaitaan. Ujub (vanity, self-esteem) has destroyed him. Instead of engaging in constructive Amr Bil Ma’roof, he has bogged himself in trivialities at the instigation of his nafs. The type of ‘ijtihad’ with which he predicates for himself is called Jahl-e-Murakkab. He dwells in deception, caught in his compound ignorance.
We are living in the era called Aakhirus Zamaan (the Last of Ages), in close proximity to Qiyaamah. This is not an age for setling academic details and technicalities. Imaam Mahdi (alayhis salaam) will not arrive to settle Fiqhi technicalities and to formulate criteria for Hadith or to distinguish between the categories of Hadith or to thrash out Shar’i Ahkaam. These jobs have already been accomplished par excellence by the Aimmah-e-Mujtahideen, the Fuqaha and the Muhadditheen. Just as Allah Ta’ala will sent Imaam Mahdi (alayhis salaam) to grapple with the realties of the age, so too, does Allah Ta’ala raise Ulama-e-Haqq to concentrate on the issues of the time, not to indulge in futility and destructive polemics.
This Maulana Sahib whom you have referred to has become too bloated in his nafs. His is now too big for his boots. He is astray and labours in the deception of his ‘greatness’ whilst in reality he is trapped in nafsaaniyat. Be assured that in this age there is no molvi and no shaikh who can ever attain the heights of Ijtihad which were imperative requisites for the Fuqaha-e-Mutaqaddimeen.
The one who lays claims to Ijtihad whether explicitly or by implication, is an imposter. He has lost the Path of Haqq and is slipping down the slippery path of dhalaal to his own destruction. With their corrupt ‘ijtihad’, cardboard or paper ‘mujtahids’ are sowing dissension in the Ummah. May Allah Ta’ala save us from the evil of our nafs and the snares of shaitaan. The honourable Maulana Sahib should utilize his imagined capacity of ‘ijtihad’ for current developing matters. It is self-deception to employ one’s extremely defective ‘ijtihad’ to unravel ritual masaa-il which have been settled almost fourteen centuries ago. Such ‘ijtihad’ is fitnah.
[Answered by Hazrat Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai]