HADHRAT ABU MUHAMMAD JA’FAR SAADIQ (rahmatullah alayh)
One night Khalifah Mansur said to his wazir (prime minister):
“Bring Saadiq to me. I want to slay him.”
Wazir: “Do you wish to slay a man who has renounced the world; who has adopted solitude; who is engrossed in the worship of Allah and who has no worldly designs?”
Expressing his annoyance, the Khalifah said: “Go! Bring him so that I could slay him.” Inspite of the wazir’s pleas, the Khalifah remained adamant. Finally the wazir was constrained to summon Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq (rahmatullah alayh). Meanwhile Mansur ordered his guards to kill Hadhrat Ja’far on his arrival. When the Khalifah removed his crown from his head it will signal the moment for slaying Hadhrat Ja’far.
When Hadhrat Ja’far appeared, the Khalifah stood up in respect. With great honour and humility he welcomed Hadhrat Ja’far. In fact, he ran forward to greet Hadhrat Ja’far. He brought Hadhrat Ja’far to sit on the royal stage. The guards were greatly surprised by the reverence and honour which Mansur showed to Hadhrat Ja’far. The Khalifah said to Hadhrat Ja’far: “Is there any thing you need?”
Hadhrat Ja’far: “Do not inconvenience me again by calling me. Leave me to worship Allah.” Mansur allowed Hadhrat Ja’far to leave with utmost respect.
After the departure of Hadhrat Saadiq, the Khalifah began to shiver uncontrollably and fell down unconscious. He remained unconscious for three days. According to some, he was unconscious for the duration of three Salaat which became qadhaa.
When the Khalifah regained conscious, the wazir asked for an explanation. The Khalifah said: “When Saadiq entered, a huge serpent was at his side. The one jaw of the serpent was touching the ground and the other jaw, the ceiling. The serpent was implying to me: ‘If you harm him I shall swallow you along with the whole stage.”
As a result of the fear for the serpent, the Khalifah did not know what he was saying or doing. He said: “I apologized and became unconscious.”
Once Hadhrat Daud Tai (rahmatullah alayh) said to Hadhrat Ja’far (rahmatullah alayh):
“O son of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم)! My heart has darkened. Give me some naseehat.”
“O Abu Sulaiman! You are the zaahid of the age. You are not in need of my naseehat.”
Hadhrat Daud said: “O son of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم)! Allah Ta’ala has bestowed to you all excellences and virtues. It is incumbent on you to admonish everyone.”
Hadhrat Ja’far: “O Abu Sulaiman! I fear that on the Day of Qiyaamah my grandfather may apprehend me and demand: ‘Why did you not fulfil the demands of my obedience?’ This mission is not correctly discharged by genealogy. It is fulfilled by maintaining a beautiful relationship with Allah Ta’ala.”
Hadhrat Daud wept profusely and commented: “O Allah! When this is the state of him whose grandfather is the Rasool, whose mother is Faatimah (radhiyallahu anha) and who is a beacon of Knowledge, who is this non-entity Daud to become vain and proud?”
One day Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq (rahmatullah alayh) said to his disciples: “Come, let us pledge and promise that whoever among us will be saved on the Day of Qiyaamah, he will intercede on behalf of the others.”
The disciples said: “O son of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم)! What need do you have for our intercession when your grandfather will be the intercessor for entire creation?”
Hadhrat Saadiq: “I feel ashamed of my deeds. How can I look my grandfather in the face on the Day of Qiyaamah?”
When Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq (rahmatullah alayh) went into solitude, refusing to emerge, Hadhrat Sufyaan Thauri (rahmatullah alayh) visited him and said:
“O son of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم)! The people are deprived of your blessings. Why have you gone into solitude.”
Hadhrat Ja’far: “Now, I consider this to be appropriate. Trust has departed. People are engrossed in their own thoughts and needs. While they profess love and friendship, their hearts are filled with scorpions.”
5. Once when a man saw Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq (rahmatullah alayh) wearing fine, expensive garments, he commented:
“O son of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم)! It is not befitting for the Ahl-e-Bait to wear such garments.”
Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq took the man’s hand and pushed it inside his (Ja’far Saadiq’s) sleeve. The lining under the fine cloth was of such coarse sack-cloth which hurt the man’s hand. Hadhrat Ja’far commented:
“This (the external cloth) is for creation and that (the coarse lining) is for the creator.” (His externally adorned garments were to conceal his piety while the simple coarse sack-cloth was the demand of his high level of piety.)
6. Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq (rahmatullah alayh) asked Hadhrat Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahmatullah alayh):
“Who is an intelligent man?”
Imaam Abu Hanifah: “One who can distinguish between good and bad.”
Hadhrat Ja’far: “An animal is also able to distinguish between good and bad. An animal recognizes a man who is kind and cruel to it.”
Imaam Abu Hanifah: “Who then is an intelligent person?”
Hadhrat Ja’far: “A person who is able to distinguish between two acts of goodness and two acts of badness so that he could choose the greater act of goodness and the lesser evil.” (The rule of choosing the lesser evil applies when confronted by two evils and there is no third option. To save oneself from either of the evils has to be chosen. In such an eventuality, the lesser evil is adopted.)
7. A man whose purse containing gold coins was lost. He accused Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq (rahmatullah alayh ) of having stolen it. This man was not aware of the identity of Hadhrat Ja’far. On asking the man about the contents of the purse, he said that the purse contained 1,000 dinars. Hadhrat Ja’far took the man home and gave him 1,000 dinars.
A short while later when the man discovered his purse with the money intact, he returned to Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq, presented the 1,000 dinars and apologized. Hadhrat Ja’far said: “I do not take back what I had given.” When the man learnt who Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq was, he left feeling very ashamed.
8. A man said to Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq (rahmatullah alayh): “Show me Allah. I want to see Him with my eyes.”
Hadhrat Ja’far: “Have you not heard (i.e. in the Qur’aan) it is said to Musaa (alayhis salaam): ‘You cannever see Me.’ ?”
The man said: “I have heard it. But this is the Millat (Deen) of Muhammad ( صلى الله عايه وسالم). Someone calls out: ‘My heart has seen Allah’. Another says: ‘I do not worship a being I cannot see’.” (This man was referring to statements of the Auliyaa of this Ummah. If they could make these claims, then there can be nothing wrong in the demand to see Allah. So thought this man.)
Imaam Ja’far Saadiq ordered his mureeds (disciples) to tie the man and toss him into the river Dajla. This was done. The water swallowed him. As he bobbed up, he cried: ‘O son of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم), help! Help!’
Hadhrat Ja’far exclaimed: ‘O water take him.’ The water submerged the man. This occurred several times. Each time when he surfaced, he cried out: ‘O son of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم), help! Help!’ Finally when he lost all hope, he called out: ‘O Allah, help me!’ Hadhrat Ja’far ordered his disciples to bring him out of the river. After the man had rested and gained his composure, Hadhrat Ja’far asked: “Did you see Allah?”
The man: “As long as I called to others, there remained a veil concealing Allah. When I turned my attention only to Him, seeking His aid, a window opened up in my heart from which I saw Him.”
Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq said: As long as you called: ‘Saadiq! Saadiq!’, you were a kaathib (liar). Now guard this window.”
(Saadiq means true. As long as the man was calling ‘Saadiq’, his belief in Allah was defective, hence Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq described his as being kaathib. When he abandoned calling creation to aid him and turned his gaze to Allah, he became a true believer.)
9. Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq (rahmatullah alayh) said: “A sin preceded by khauf (fear of Allah) and followed by taubah (repentance) draws the servant closer to Allah. Ibaadat preceded by and followed by ujub (vanity) takes the servant far away from Allah.”
(This statement should not be misunderstood. Sin never leads to the proximity of Allah Ta’ala. Sin leads to the Wrath and punishment of Allah. The statement here means that the person understands the act to be sinful. He does not justify the sin. He has no intention of committing the sin. He is always fearful of Allah’s punishment. However, in a moment of weakness and negligence, his nafs overwhelms him and casts him into sin. He then regrets and repents.)
10. He said: “A man who is proud on account of his ibaadat, is a sinner and a sinner who regrets and repents is an obedient servant.”
11. Hadhrat Ja’far Saadiq (rahmatullah alayh) was asked: “Who is superior–a patient durwaish or a wealthy man who is grateful?”
Hadhrat Ja’far said: “The patient durwaish. The heart of the wealthy man is attached to his wealth while the heart of the durwaish is with Allah Ta’ala.”
(Durwaish or dervish–a pious poor person.)
12. He said: ‘Ibaadat without taubah is not proper because Allah Ta’ala has placed taubah before ibaadat. The Qur’aanic aayat says: “Those who engage in Taubah, those who are involved in ibadah..”
First taubah is mentioned. (This statement does not mean that ibaadat is not valid if not preceded by taubah. However, when a man contaminated by sin worships Allah, he does not derive the full benefit and reward of the ibaadat. The bandah–servant of Allah–should therefore, always repent.)
13. He said: “True Thikr (remembrance of Allah) is to forget everything else. Allah Ta’ala suffices for all the things forgotten by virtue of His Thikr.”
14. He said: “A Mu’min is he who always stands in confrontation of his nafs. An Aarif is he who stands in the presence of Allah Ta’ala.”
15. He said: “Whoever struggles against his Nafs-e-Ammaarah for the sake of Allah, finds Allah.”
16. He said: “Ilhaam (inspiration from Allah) is an attribute of the accepted servants of Allah.”
17. He said: “The attempt to rationally disprove ilhaam is a sign of the irreligious people.”
18. He said: “Allah Ta’ala is more hidden in His servants than a black ant walking on a black stone in an intensely dark night.”
19. He said: “The secret of reality was unlocked for me when I was branded a madman.” (True lovers of Allah Ta’ala are generally branded as mad by people of the world.)
20. “Among the good fortunes of a man is that his enemy is an intelligent person.”
21. He said: “Beware of the company of five persons:
A liar. You will always be misled by him.
A stupid person. Even if he intends to benefit you, he will harm you without realising it.
A miser. He will destroy your valuable time.
A coward. He will leave you in the lurch at the time of need.
A faasiq. On account of greed, he will betray you for a morsel of food.
22. He said: “Allah Ta’ala also has paradise and hell on this earth. Paradise is safety and hell is unsafety. Paradise is to assign all affairs to Allah. Hell is to assign all affairs to the Nafs-e-Ammaarah.”
HADHRAT UWAIS QARNI (rahmatullah alayh)
1. Regarding Uwais Qarni (rahmatullah alayh), Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) said: “Uwais Qarni is the noblest of the Tabieen with ihsaan.”
(The highest stage of ihsaan is to worship Allah Ta’ala as if you are seeing Him.)
Sometimes Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) would turn in the direction of Yemen and say: “I perceive the fragrance of love from Yemen.”
Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) said: “Tomorrow on the Day of Qiyaamah Allah Ta’ala will create 70,000 malaa-ikah in the image of Uwais Qarni who will enter in their midst into Jannat. No one will recognise him except those whom Allah wishes.” Since he engrossed himself in ibaadat in concealment, fleeing from people, Allah Ta’ala will preserve his concealment even in the Aakhirah. Allah Ta’ala has said: “My Auliyaa are under My Mantle. None besides Me knows them.”
Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) said: “In my Ummat is a man whose shafaa’at (intercession) will be accepted on behalf of so many people whose number equals the hairs on the sheep/goats of the tribes of Rabeeh and Mudhir.”
These two Arab tribes possessed the most sheep and goats, hence the analogy. When the Sahaabah enquired about the identity of this man, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “A servant among the servants of Allah.” The Sahaabah responded: “We all are the servants of Allah. What is his name?”
Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) said: “Uwais Qarni.”
Sahaabah: “Where is he?”
Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ): “In Qarn.”
Sahaabah: “Has he seen you?”
Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ): “Not with his physical eyes, but he has seen me with his spiritual eyes.”
Sahaabah: “Such an ardent lover, but why has he not entered into your companionship?”
Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ): “There are two reasons. The first is ghalbah haal (i.e. he is always in a high spiritual state which makes him oblivious of everything besides Allah Ta’ala). The second is his profound observance of my Shariat. His mu’minah mother is extremely old and blind. He tends to camels and with his earnings he supports his mother.”
Sahaabah: “Can we see him?”
Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) said to Hadhrat Abu Bakr (d): “You will not see him, but Umar and Ali will see him. His entire body is covered with hair. On the palm of his hand and left side is a white spot, the size of a dirham, which is not the mark of leprosy. When you meet him, convey my salaam to him and tell him to make dua for my Ummat. Among the Auliyaa those who are the Atqiyaa (a very loft category of Auliyaa), he is the holiest.”
Sahaabah: “Where shall we find him?”
Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ): “In Yemen, he is a camel-herd known as Uwais. You should follow in his footsteps.”
As Rasulullah’s ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) demise neared, the Sahaabah asked: “To whom shall we give your jubbah (cloak)?”
Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) said: “To Uwais Qarni.”
After the demise of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) Hadhrat Umar and Hadhrat Ali (radhiyallahu anhuma) journied to Kufa. After delivering a Khutbah, Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) said: “O people of Najd, all of you stand up.” Everyone obeyed. He then enquired: “Is any among you from Qaran?” When they said, ‘yes’, he asked for information about Uwais Qarni.
They replied: “We do not know him. However, there is a madman who has become estranged from people. He flees from people. When Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) enquired of his whereabouts, he was told that he (Uwais Qarni) tends to camels in Wadi Urnah. At night he eats dry bread. He does not enter the town. He does not speak to anyone. He does not eat what people generally eat. He does not know what is grief and happiness. When people laugh, he cries. When they cry, he laughs.”
Hadhrat Umar and Hadhrat Ali (radhiyallahu anhuma) travelled to that valley (Wadi Urnah). Ultimately when they discovered him, he was engaged in Salaat. By the command of Allah, angels were tending to the camels. On perceiving the presence of human beings, Uwais terminated his Salaat, and said “Assalaamu Alaikum”.
Hadhrat Umar Farooq (radhiyallahu anhu) replied: “Wa-Alaikum Salaam”, and asked: “What is your name?”
Uwais: “Abdullah (i.e. a slave of Allah).”
Hadhrat Umar: “We all are the servants of Allah. What is your specific name?”
Hadhrat Umar: “Show me your right hand.”
When Hadhrat Uwais showed his hand, Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) seeing the mark indicated by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), kissed his hand, and said:
“Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) has conveyed salaams to you; sent this cloak for you and commanded that you make dua for his Ummah.”
Uwais: “You are more qualified to make dua because there is no one nobler than you.”
Hadhrat Umar: “I am always engaged in this duty of dua. However, you have to comply with the order of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam).”
Uwais: “O Umar! Think carefully. Perhaps Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) had in mind someone else besides myself.”
Hadhrat Umar: “All the signs indicated by Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) exist in you.”
Uwais: “Give me the cloak of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) so that I may make dua.”
Taking the cloak, Hadhrat Uwais said: “Wait here.”
He went a distance, fell into Sajdah and supplicated: “O Allah! I shall not don this mantle as long as You do not forgive the entire Ummah of Muhammad ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ), for he has presented this cloak. Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ), Umar Farooq and Ali Murtaza have discharged their duties.”
A Voice exclaimed: “We have forgiven a number by virtue of your intercession.”
Uwais: “O Allah! As long as You do not forgive all, I shall not don this mantle.”
The Voice: “I have forgiven thousands.”
Uwais: “I am petitioning for the forgiveness of all.”
This performance was enacted several times. Each time, The Voice announced an increase in the number of persons forgiven by virtue of Hadhrat Uwais’ intercession. Meanwhile Hadhrat Umar and Hadhrat Ali (radhiyallahu anhuma) unable to hold their patience came near to Hadhrat Uwais to see what was happening. When Hadhrat Uwais saw them, he exclaimed: “Why have you come? I would not have donned this mantle as long as Allah Ta’ala had not forgiven the entire Ummah of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ).”
Gazing at Hadhrat Uwais with deep intent and concern, Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) perceived 18,000 spiritual kingdoms under the simple shawl Hadhrat Uwais was wearing at the time. Hadrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu), now overwhelmed by spiritual enthusiasm, lost complete interest in himself and his Khilaafat. In an ecstatic mood he cried out: “Is there anyone prepared to accept my Khilaafat in exchange for a piece of bread?”
Hadhrat Uwais said: “Only a man lacking in intelligence, will purchase it. What are you talking of buying and selling! Abandon it! Whoever wishes, can pick it up.”
Then donning the mantle of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ), Hadhrat Uwais said: “As a result of the barkat of this mantle and my intercession, the number of people of the Ummah of Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) forgiven, equals the number of hairs on the bodies of the goats of the tribes of Rabeeah and Mudhirr.”
Hadhrat Umar: “O Uwais, why did you not meet Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم )?”
Uwais: “Perhaps you saw the blessed forehead of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ). Tell me, were Rasulullah’s (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) eye-brows fine or broad?” [Arabic in manuscript margin, bk 1, pg 31]
Surprisingly, neither Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) nor Hadhrat Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) was able to describe Rasulullah’s ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) eye-brows.
Uwais: “You are he Companions of Muhammad ( صلى الله عايه وسالم )?”
Hadhrat Umar: “Most certainly we are.”
Uwais: “On the day when the blessed tooth of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) was martyred, why did you not martyr your own teeth? The requirement of love was that you conformed.”
Hadhrat Uwais opened his mouth and they observed that all his teeth were missing. He said: “I broke my teeth without seeing the mubaarak face of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). After having broken a tooth, I was not satisfied. Perhaps another tooth of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) was martyred, not the one I broke in my mouth. In this way I continued breaking my teeth until all were removed.
Both Hadhrat Umar and Hadhrat Ali (radhiyallahu anhuma) were overcome with emotion. Now they learnt a new concept of love and devotion. They resolved to learn this devotion from Hadhrat Uwais. Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) then said: “O Uwais, make dua for me.”
Uwais: “I have already made dua. You should not desire more. In the Tashahhud of every Salaat I say: “O Allah! Have mercy on all the believing men and women and forgive them.”
If you reach the grave with the safety of Imaan, then most certainly, you have obtained my dua. I do not want to destroy my dua.
Hadhrat Umar: “Counsel me.”
Uwais: “Umar, have you recognized Allah Ta’ala?”
Hadhrat Umar: “Yes, I recognized Him.”
Uwais: “It is best that you recognize only Allah Ta’ala and no one besides Him.”
Hadhrat Umar: “Say something more.”
Uwais: “Allah Ta’ala knows you. It is best that besides Allah Ta’ala, no one else knows you.”
Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) then attempted to present a gift of some money to Hadhrat Uwais. Hadhrat Uwais producing two dirhams from his pocket, said: “This is my earning for tending camels. If you can vouch that these dirhams will be depleted before my death, I shall then accept more.”
Obviously, Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) could not comply, hence Uwais refused the gift.
Hadhrat Uwais: “Both of you had undergone considerable hardship to reach me. Now return. Qiyaamat is near. We shall then meet where there shall no longer be any separation. Presently I am in a dilemma. I am concerned with the preparations for this journey.”
They bid farewell and took leave with heavy hearts.
2. After the departure of these two eminent Sahaabah, people began to honour Hadhrat Uwais. Since their excessive veneration agitated him, he fled from that place. Thereafter he was not seen again by anyone except once by Hiram Ibn Hibbaan (rahmatullah alayh) who gave the following account of his encounter with Hadhrat Uwais (rahmatullah alayh):
“When I heard of the status of the Shafa’at (Intercession) of Hadhrat Uwais, I was overtaken by an intense yearning to meet him. I went to Kufaa and set out in search of him. It was my great fortune to locate him making wudhu on the banks of the river Euphrates. I found him fitting the description of him I had heard. After exchange of Salute actions, he looked intently at me. I desired to shake his hands, but he refused. I said:
“Uwais, may Allah have mercy on you and forgive you.”
His physical weakness and forlornness reduced me to tears in profusion. Uwais (rahmatullah alayh) also wept and said:
“Hiram Ibn Hibban, may Allah Ta’ala grant you a good reward. What has brought you here? Who showed you the road to me?”
Hiram Ibn Hibban: “How do you know my name and the name of my father? You have never met me before.”
Hadhrat Uwais: “He Whose Knowledge is all-encompassing has informed me. My rooh has recognized your rooh because the arwaah (souls) of the Mu’mineen recognize each other.”
Hiram: “Narrate a Hadith of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) to me.”
Hadhrat Uwais: “I did not meet Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ), but I have heard of his attributes from others. I have no desire to be a Muhaddith or a Mufti or a narrator because I am engrossed in an abundance of activity.”
Hiram: “Recite an aayat of the Qur’aan so that I hear it from your blessed tongue.”
Uwais: After reciting
he wept uncontrollably and recited:
“I did not create jinn and man except that they worship Me.”
Then he let out such a frightening screech that I thought he had become insane. He said: “O Ibn Hibban, what has brought you here?” I replied: “To become your friend and to reform myself.” Hadhrat Uwais commented: “I cannot even think of a man who has recognized Allah Ta’ala, having any love and desire for others and deriving comfort from others besides Allah.” I said: “Give me some naseehat”.
He replied: “Keep Maut under your pillow when sleeping. When you wake up, don’t cherish hope of life. Never consider sin as being minor. If you consider sin as being minor, know that you are considering Allah Ta’ala as being insignificant.”
I asked: “Where should I take up residence?” He said: “In the Land of Shaam.” I said: “How shall I earn my living there?”
Hadhrat Uwais said: “Alas! Pity those souls who are beset with doubt and uncertainty and refrain from accepting naseehat.”
I said: “Give me more naseehat.” He said: “O son of Hibban! Your father has died. Aadam, Hawwaa, Nooh, Ibraaheem, Musaa, Daawood (alayhimus salaam), all have died. Muhammad ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) too has died. Abu Bakr, the first Khalifah has also died and my brother Umar has departed from this earthly abode. Oh Umar! Oh Umar!”
I said: “May Allah have mercy on you. Umar has not yet departed.” Hadhrat Uwais said: “Allah Ta’ala has informed me of his demise. You and I are among the dead.”
He then recited Durood and made some dua, and added: “It is my advice that you cling to the Kitaab of Allah and adopt the path of Islaah (moral reformation). Never for a moment be forgetful of Maut. Never take even one step beyond the fold of the Jama’ah of the Ummah of Muhammad ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ), for then, Allah forbid, you will become without Deen and land in Jahannum.”
After making dua, he said: “Son of Hibban, go! Neither will you see me again, nor will I see you. Remember me in your dua. I too shall remember you in my dua. Now don’t follow me, I am going.”
I desired to accompany him a few steps, but he refused. He wept and so did I. I gazed long after him until he disappeared from sight. Thereafter, I never again heard of him.
3. Hadhrat Rabee’ (rahmatullah alayh) gives the following narrative of his encounter with Hadhrat Uwais Qarni (rahmatullah alayh): “I set out with a yearning to meet Uwais. I found him engaged in Fajr Salaat. As he completed his Salaat, he immediately commenced thikr. He continued with thikr until Zuhr. After Zuhr he again became involved in thikr until Asr. In this way he continued until Fajr of the next day. He maintained this practice for three days. During this entire period he neither ate nor slept. On the fourth night he took a short nap. He suddenly awoke with a start, jumped up and supplicated:
“O Allah! I seek Your protection from sleeping to the satisfaction of the eyes and from eating to the satiation of the stomach.”
On hearing this, I decided that I had seen enough and returned.”
4. His practice was to remain awake in ibaadat the entire night. He would say: ‘Tonight is the night of Sajdah; tonight is the night of Ruku’; tonight is the night of Qiyaam.’ In this way would he spend the nights worshipping Allah Ta’ala.
5. Someone asked: “How should Salaat be performed?” Hadhrat Uwais said: “I desire that before completing in Sajdah (during the night) it is already morning. Ibaadat should be like the worship of the Angels.”
6. Someone asked: “What is khushu’ (concentration in Salaat)?” He replied: “If you are struck with a spear, you remain oblivious of it.”
7. He was asked: “How are you?” He said: “Like one who gets up in the morning, not knowing if Maut will grant him respite until the evening.”
8. Hadhrat Uwais said: “A man who loves three things, Jahannum is closer to him than his jugular vein: Delicious food; fine garments and association with the rich.”
(This naseehat does not apply to the masses who find it difficult to abstain from even haraam on account of extreme deficiency of Imaan. The advice of Hadhrat Uwais (rahmatullah alayh) is directed to Auliyaa of high rank. As far as weaklings engrossed in material pursuits are concerned, the minimum demand is to eat, drink and participate in worldly affairs within the permitted confines of the Shariah – in moderation.)
9. People said to Hadhrat Uwais: “There is a man nearby who has been sitting in a grave with a kafan for the past 30 years, weeping profusely.”
On his request, Uwais was taken to view this man in the grave. The man was reduced to a skeleton. He was like a dried out weed and was crying. Hadhrat Uwais said: “The kafan and the qabar have diverted you from Allah. Both these objects constitute a veil for you in the Path (leading to Allah Ta’ala).”
His statement struck a responsive chord in the heart of the man. His spiritual eyes opened and he realised his folly. He let out a terrible scream and expired in that grave in which he had spent 30 years.
If even the grave can become a veil and an obstacle in the path of spiritual progress, what is the effect of the numerous other pursuits and objects of the material world?
10. Once for three days he was without food. On the fourth day he found a dinaar (gold coin) laying on the ground. Thinking it to be the lost property of someone, he left it. As he walked on, a wolf with a loaf of bread in its mouth approached him. The wolf left the bread infront of him. Uwais thought that the wolf had snatched the bread belonging to someone. As he thought, the wolf said: “I am the servant of the Same Being Whose servant you are.” The wolf then disappeared. Hadhrat Uwais realising that the bread was sent by Allah Ta’ala, ate it.
11. Hadhrat Uwais said: “Nothing remains hidden from a person who has recognized Allah Ta’ala.” “Safety is in solitude. True solitude is that there is no room in the heart for thinking of others. Solitude in which the mind is occupied with the thoughts of others is defective.”
“When two people gather to indulge in futility, shaitaan departs because he has achieved his objective. There is no longer a need for his presence since these two are sufficient to deceive each other. Both are forgetful of Allah Ta’ala.” “Keep your heart alert so that aliens do not gain entry.” (i.e. Always remember Allah Ta’ala, for Thikrullah prevents shaitaan from entering the heart of man.)
“I searched for glory and I found it in humility. I searched for kingdom and I found it in admonishing people (i.e. giving them naseehat). I searched for culture and found it in truth. I searched for holiness and found it in poverty. I searched for Nisbat and found it in piety. (Nisbat refers to a special relationship of proximity with Allah Ta’ala.)
I searched for honour and I found it in contentment (i.e. contentment with whatever Allah Ta’ala has ordained). I searched for comfort and found it in zuhd (abstinence –renunciation of the world). I searched for independence and found it in tawakkul (trust in Allah).”
12. When Hadhrat Uwais walked in the road, mischievous children considering him to be a mad man would pelt him with stones, mocking and jeering. He would say: “Pelt me with small stones. Big stones draw blood which breaks my wudhu.”
13. It is narrated that towards the close of his life he joined Hadhrat Ali (radhiyallahu anhu) in the Battle of Siffeen and was martyred. Among the Auliyaa there is a category called Uwaisiyyah. Those in this class do not need a Shaikh (Spiritual Mentor). Just like Hadhrat Uwais, they acquire spiritual elevation without the medium of a Shaikh. Hadhrat Uwais (rahmatullah alayh), despite not having physically associated with Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) gained spiritual elevation by virtue of Nabi-e-Kareem’s (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) baatini (spiritual) medium. This pedestal occupied by these Auliyaa is extremely lofty. Only Allah Ta’ala decides who is to be favoured with this rank.
HADHRAT HASAN BASRI (rahmatullah alayh)
1. Hadhrat Hasan Basri’s mother was a servant of Rasulullah’s ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) noble wife, Hadhrat Umm-e-Salmah (radhiyallahu anha). Sometimes during infancy when his mother was engaged in some service, he would cry. To pacify the infant, Hadhrat Umm-e-Salmah (radhiyallahu anha) would place her blessed breast in his mouth. The baby would suck and miraculously milk would emerge. It is said that the innumerable blessings acquired by Hadhrat Hasan Basri were the product of this milk of the holy household of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) . Hadhrat Umm-e-Salmah (radhiyallahu anha) undertook the responsibility of caring for Hasan. She would always make dua: “O Allah! Make him the leader (i.e. spiritual leader) of men.”
2. Once during childhood Hadhrat Hasan drank water from a mug in which water was left for Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) in the home of Hadhrat Umm-e-Salmah (radhiyallahu anha). When Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) enquired about the person who had drunk from his mug, he was told that it was Hasan. Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) commented: “My knowledge will be diffused into him in proportion to the water he drank from the mug.”
Once Hadhrat Umm-e-Salmah (رضئ الله عنه ) placed Hasan on Rasulullah’s ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) lap. Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) made much dua for him. Thus, the greatness of Hadhrat Hasan Basri is attributable to all the spiritual blessings he gained from the holy household of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) .
3. When Hadhrat Hasan was born he was brought to Hadhrat Umar (رضئ الله عنه ) who said: “Name him Hasan because his face is so beautiful.” (He was extremely handsome.)
4. Hadhrat Hasan Basri was a Taabi-ee who had the good fortune of meeting 120 Sahaabah among whom 70 were participants of the Battle of Badr. He was the mureed of Hadhrat Hasan, the son of Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله عنه ). According to another version recorded in Tuhfah, it is said that he was the mureed of Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله عنه ) who had conferred on him the mantle of spiritual mentorship (i.e. made him his Khalifah in the spiritual realm).
5. The fear of Maut was so overwhelming in him that from the time of his youth when he pledged himself to prepare for the Aakhirah, he never laughed until death overtook him at the age of 70.
6. For his entire life, until the age of 70, he always remained with wudhu.
7. Once a Wali said: “Hasan has surpassed us all because the whole creation is in need of his knowledge while he needs none besides Allah Ta’ala. He is therefore our chief.”
8. Hadhrat Hasan was asked: “What is the meaning of Islam and who is a Muslim?” He replied: “Islam is in the books and Muslims are in the grave.”
9. When asked: “What is pure Deen?”, he said; “Piety”. People asked: “What destroys piety?” He said: “Greed and desire.”
10. Hadhrat Hasan said that an ill physician (i.e. spiritual mentor) should first treat himself before treating others (i.e. he should first reform himself morally and spiritually).
11. People complained: “Our hearts are asleep, hence your advices do not benefit us.” Hadhrat Hasan said: “Your hearts are dead. A sleeping person can be woken up, but a dead man cannot be aroused.”
12. Someone said to Hadhrat Hasan: “Some people overwhelm our heart with fear with their talks.” (He was referring to the advices of Hadhrat Hasan.) He replied: “It is better today to be in the company of those who instil fear in you so that tomorrow on the Day of Qiyaamah you will have hope in the mercy of Allah.”
13. A man said to him: “Some people find fault with your statements and criticize you.” Hadhrat Hasan replied: “I find myself full of fault. While I am searching for Divine Proximity, I cherish the desire for Jannat. But both these attitudes are contradictory. Furthermore, I do not hope to be immune from the criticism of people. Even Allah Ta’ala, The Absolute One, has not been spared by their tongues.”
(Although the wish or desire for both Jannat and nearness to Allah Ta’ala are in reality not negatory or contradictory, the exceptionally lofty spiritual status and proximity of the Auliyaa preclude them from all motives except the Goal of Divine Proximity. Their worship of Allah is neither for fear of Jahannum nor for the hope of Jannat. Their gaze is focussed on only Allah’s Pleasure.)
14. It was said: “Some say that preaching (giving naseehat) to people should be embarked on only after one has become morally purified.” Hadhrat Hasan commented: “Shaitaan desires that the door of Amr Bil Ma’roof Nahyi anil munkar (commanding righteousness and prohibiting evil) be closed.”
15. Once while Hadhrat Hasan was lecturing, the tyrant Hajjaaj with his unsheathed sword and army arrived. A pious man present in the gathering said to himself: “Today is a test for Hasan. Will Hasan proclaim his naseehat in the presence of Hajjaaj or will he resort to flattery?” Hajjaaj sat down in the gathering. However, Hadhrat Hasan did not pay the slightest attention and continued his talk. Hajjaaj’s presence did not exercise the slightest influence on him. He did not even look at Hajjaaj. The pious man said: “Indeed, Hasan is hasan (i.e. beautiful).”
On the termination of the lecture, Hajjaaj went forward. Kissing the hand of Hadhrat Hasan, he said: “If you wish to see a man, look at Hasan.”
16. Once Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله عنه ) spent three days in Basrah. He had issued an order prohibiting lectures in the Musaajid. When he attended a gathering of Hadhrat Hasan he found him giving a lecture. Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله عنه ) interrogated him: “Are you an Aalim or a student?”
Hadhrat Hasan replied: “I am neither an Aalim nor a student. However, I deliver the words of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) which have reached me.” On hearing this reply Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله عنه ) left without preventing Hadhrat Hasan from lecturing. When he was told that his interrogator was Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله عنه ), he descended from the mimbar and went in search of Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله عنه ). When he linked up with Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله عنه ), he (Hadhrat Hasan) said:
“For Allah’s sake teach me how to make wudhu.”
A container of water was brought and Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله عنه ) demonstrated the method of making wudhu. Since that time that spot is known as Baabut Tasht (Portal of the Basin).
17. Once during a severe drought in Basrah, two hundred thousand people gathered on the outskirts for Salatul Istisqa (to pray for rain). A mimbar was set up and Hadhrat Hasan was requested to mount it and supplicate for rain. He said: “If you wish for rain, expel me from Basrah.”
(His humility constrained him to believe that he was the cause of the drought. Droughts are generally the consequences of the sins of people.)
18. One day Hadhrat Hasan heard the Hadith which says that the very last man of this Ummah to emerge from Jahannum after 80 years will be a person named Hannaad. Hadhrat Hasan lamented:”I wish Hasan was that man.”
(The degree of his humility and overwhelming fear created in him the perception that he (i.e. Hadhrat Hasan) may never emerge from Jahannum. Therefore, if he was Hannaad, his salvation was ensured.)
19. Once when he spent the entire night weeping, he was asked: “Hadhrat, why do you weep so much inspite of being such an Aabid (worshipper) and Muttaqi (pious)?” Hadhrat Hasan said:”I fear that I may have committed such a deed which negates my ibaadat. As a result of it Allah Ta’ala may say: ‘Hasan! You have no position by Us. None of your acts of worship is acceptable.”
20. Once he accompanied a janaazah. After the burial he cried profusely and said:”O people! Know that the end of this world and the beginning of the Hereafter are this grave. The Hadith says that the qabr is a station among the stations of the Aakhirah. Why do you love a world whose end is the grave? Why do you not fear the world of the Aakhirah the beginning of which is the grave? This is your ending and your beginning.”
21. During his childhood he had committed a sin. Whenever he had a new kurtah sewn, he would write a reminder (of the sin) on it. This reminder constantly reduced him to tears.
22. Once the Khalifah, Hadhrat Umar Bin Abdul Aziz (rahmatullah alayh) wrote a letter requesting some naseehat. Hadhrat Hasan (rahmatullah alayh) responded: “If Allah is not your helper, have no hope in anyone.” On another occasion he wrote: “Know that the day after which there will no longer be this world, (the Aakhirah) is near.”
23. When Hadhrat Bishr Haafi (rahmatullah alayh) learnt that Hadhrat Hasan (rahmatullah alayh) was proceeding for Hajj, he wrote requesting permission to accompany him (Hadhrat Hasan). In response, Hadhrat Hasan wrote: “Forgive me (i.e. he declined permission). I wish to remain in Allah’s veil of concealment. If we are together, we shall become aware of our mutual defects and think ill of one another.”
(Although these illustrious Souls never despised anyone on account of sins and defects, Hadhrat Hasan presented this pretext for his desire of solitude. Travelling with a contemporary would be an encumbrance which would disturb the solace of his solitude.)
24. Counselling Hadhrat Saeed Bin Jubair (rahmatullah alayh), Hadhrat Hasan said: “Never enter into companionship with kings. Never reveal your secrets to anyone. Never listen to music. The end result is always calamitous.”
25. Hadhrat Maalik Bin Dinaar (rahmatullah alayh) asked: “In what lies the corruption of the people?”
Hadhrat Hasan: “In the death of the heart.”
Maalik Bin Dinaar: “What is the death of the heart.”
Hadhrat Hasan: “The love of the world.”
26. Once Hadhrat Abdullah (rahmatullah alayh) went to the home of Hadhrat Hasan (rahmatullah alayh) for Fajr Salaat. When he arrived at the door he heard Hadhrat Hasan making dua and a group responding ‘Aameen, Aameen’. He waited outside until it was Fajr time. When he entered he found Hadhrat Hasan alone. After Salaat, Hadhrat Abdullah enquired about the mystery. He first took a pledge of secrecy from him, then informed Hadhrat Abdullah that every Friday night a group of jinn attended for lessons. After lessons when dua is made they responded with ‘Aameen’.
27. Qaari Abu Amr was a famous teacher of the Qur’aan. Once he cast a gaze of lust on a handsome lad who had come to learn the Qur’aan. In consequence of this evil glance Abu Amr forgot the entire Qur’aan. From the Alif of to the Seen of , the entire Qur’aan departed from his heart. His shock and grief were unbearable. He explained this calamity to Hadhrat Hasan who said: “It is now the time of Hajj. Perform Hajj. After Hajj proceed to Musjid-e-Khaif where you will find an old man sitting in the mihraab in worship. After he completes his ibaadat ask him to make dua for you.
After Hajj when Abu Amr entered Musjid-e-Khaif he saw a group of people inside. Shortly afterwards a saintly person entered. Everyone regarded him with honour and reverence. After counselling the group, the saintly person and all others except the old man departed. Abu Amr stepped forward and narrated the calamity which had befallen him. The buzrug raised his eyes towards heaven in supplication. To his wonder and joy Abu Amr discovered that the Qur’aan Shareef had returned to his heart. In sheer joy and ecstasy he fell at the feet of the buzrug who asked: “Who directed you to me?”
Abu Amr: “Hasan Basri.”
The Buzrug: “Hasan has disgraced me. Now I too shall disgrace him. He has revealed my secret. I too shall reveal his secret. The buzrug whom you had seen at the time of Zuhr (the one who had lectured to the group) was Hasan Basri. He comes daily to us. Discusses with us and by Asr he is back in Basrah. What need did he have to direct you to me?”
(In other words, Hadhrat Hasan being such a great saint could have made dua for Abu Amr instead of directing him to the buzrug in Musjid-e-Khaif thereby exposing him.)
28. A man in need once brought his horse to Hadhrat Hasan and offered it for sale. Hadhrat Hasan bought the horse. That night the former owner of the horse saw the horse together with a few hundred horses grazing in Jannat. On making enquiries, the Angels informed him: “These horses had belonged to you. Now they are the property of Hasan.”
In the morning the man hastened to Hadhrat Hasan and implored him to cancel the sale. He offered to refund the money. Hadhrat Hasan refusing, said: “I have also seen the dream you had seen.” The man departed with a heavy heart. During the night Hadhrat Hasan saw in a dream beautiful palaces in Jannat. He asked: “To whom do these palaces belong?” The Angels said: “To the person who gladly cancels a sale.” He sent for the man, cancelled the sale and returned the horse.
29. Hadhrat Hasan’s neighbour, Sham’oon was a fire-worshipper. Sham’oon was in his death-throes. Hadhrat Hasan visited him. He observed that Sham’oon’s face had darkened as a result of his years of fire-worshipping.
Hadhrat Hasan: “Abandon fire-worship and become a Muslim. Perhaps Allah will have mercy on you.” Sham’oon: “Three things have turned me away from Islam. One: The world according to you (Muslims) is evil, but you remain in its pursuit. Two: You believe that death is true, but you do not make preparations for it. Three: You claim the wonder of Allah’s Vision, but on earth you act in conflict with His wishes.”
Hadhrat Hasan: “This is a sign of those who recognize the truth. The true Mu’min acts accordingly. But tell me, what have you gained by destroying your life in fire-worship? Even if a Mu’min does no good, at least he testifies to the Unity of Allah. You have worshipped the fire for seventy years. If you and I fall into the fire, it will burn us both without caring for your worship. However, my Allah has the power of preventing the fire from burning me.”
So saying, Hadhrat Hasan took Allah’s Name and plunged his hand into the fire. He held his hand for a long time in the fire which had no effect on him. Seeing this, Sham’oon’s heart opened up. The light of guidance had penetrated his heart. He said: “I have worshipped the fire for 70 years. What can I achieve in the few moments there remain of life?”
Hadhrat Hasan: “Become a Muslim!”
Sham’oon: “Write a document stating that if I embrace Islam, Allah will forgive me.”
Hadhrat Hasan wrote the document and presented it to Sham’oon who said: “Let the pious elders of Basrah endorse it with their signatures.” This request was complied with. Sham’oon said:”O Hasan, when I die, give me ghusl and bury me. Place the document in my hand so that I have proof of my Islam.”
Sham’oon recited the Kalimah and died. His wasiyyat was fulfilled by Hadhrat Hasan.
Hadhrat Hasan returned home overwhelmed by worry. He thought: “When I myself am immersed in sin, how could I have furnished a guarantee of forgiveness to another man?” In this distressful state he fell asleep. In a dream he saw Sham’oon donned in beautiful garments with a crown on his head strolling in Jannat. Hadhrat Hasan: “How did it fare with you?”
Sham’oon: “Allah forgave me by His mercy. I am unable to explain the bounties He has bestowed to me. There now no longer remain on you any responsibility. Here take your document. I no longer have need of it.”
When Hadhrat Hasan’s eyes opened he discovered the document in his hand. He profusely thanked Allah and said:”O Allah! You act without cause. Everything is dependent on Your act. When you have forgiven a man merely on one statement (the Kalimah) after he had worshipped the fire for seventy years, why will You not forgive a man who had worshipped you for seventy years?” (The boundless rahmat of Allah Ta’ala could be understood from the episode.)
30. Tawaadhu’ (humility) was an outstanding attribute of Hadhrat Hasan. He considered himself inferior to everyone else. One day while walking along the bank of the river Dajlah he saw a Habshi (Abyssinian) with a woman and a wine-bottle. A thought crossed his mind: ‘This man cannot be better than me because he is with a woman and consuming wine.’ As the thought crossed his mind a boat with seven occupants appeared on the river. Suddenly the boat began sinking. Seeing the plight of the boat-people the Habshi dived into the water and safely brought out one person. He returned and brought out a second man. He continued his rescue until he had saved six people. Turning to Hadhrat Hasan, the Habshi said: “If you are better than me, then save the seventh one. O Imaam of the Muslims! This woman is my mother. The bottle contains water. I am here to test you. I have seen that you have failed the test.”
Hadhrat Hasan now realised that the Habshi was a close servant of Allah appointed to test him (Hasan). He fell at the Habshi’s feet imploring: “Just as you have saved the six persons from drowning in the sea, save me from the sea of egotism and deception.”
The Habshi: “May Allah brighten your eyes (i.e. spiritual eyes).” Never again did Hadhrat Hasan regard himself better than any person. His state of humility reached such a pinnacle that once seeing a dog he supplicated:”O Allah! Accept me by virtue of this dog.”
31. Once on seeing an intoxicated man swaying from side to side while walking in a muddy path, Hadhrat Hasan counselled: “Walk carefully otherwise you will slip.” The man responded:”O Imaam of the Muslims! You walk carefully. If I slip, I alone fall. If you slip, the whole Ummah falls (i.e. strays from the Path of Truth).” This response made an indelible impression on the heart of Hasan Basri.
32. A lad was walking with a flame in his hand. Hadhrat Hasan Basri said to him: “From where did you get the flame?” The lad extinguished the flame and said: “Where has the flame gone?”
33. Once Hadhrat Hasan Basri said to his disciples:”If you should see the Sahaabah you would say that they are mad men and if they should see you, they would not consider you to be Muslims. They were horsemen flying like birds as swift as the wind while we are like those seated on the wounded backs of asses.”
34. A Bedouin asked the meaning of sabr (patience). Hadhrat Hasan said: “Sabr is of two kinds. One: Sabr when calamity and misfortune strike. Two: Sabr regarding the prohibitions of Allah Ta’ala (i.e. restrain oneself from indulgence in the things prohibited by Allah Ta’ala).”
35. “A man should strive to acquire beneficial knowledge and excellent deeds accompanied by sincerity, contentment and beautiful patience. I cannot explain the lofty status which a man of this acquisition will gain on the day of Qiyaamah.”
36. “A sheep is more alert than man. On hearing the call of the shepherd it stops grazing while man ignores the call of Allah for the sake of his desires.”
37. “Ma’rifat (i.e. a high perception of divine recognition) is abandonment of lowly desires.”
38. “Jannat cannot be attained merely by good deeds. Good intentions are essential.”
39. “Fikr (contemplation) is a mirror in which good and bad are visible.”
40. “Futile talk is evil. Silence devoid of fikr is futility and disgraceful.”
41. “It is mentioned in the Tauraah that a man who adopts qanaa-at (contentment) becomes independent of all people; whoever adopts solitude, finds safety; whoever shuns lowly desires is emancipated; whoever abandons hasad (jealousy) has discovered friendship; whoever spends his life in sabr has found [page 31].” Re: p73 bk2
42. “Wara’ (piety) has three stages: To speak the truth even in anger; abstention from the prohibitions of Allah Ta’ala; constancy in the execution of Allah’s commands.”
43. “A little piety is better than a thousand years of (Nafl) Saum and Salaat.”
44. “Contemplation (fikr) and wara’ (piety) are the noblest deeds.”
45. “Nifaaq (hypocrisy) is the contradiction between the baatin (the heart / intentions) and the zaahir (verbal proclamation).”
46. “All true Mu’mins who have passed away had the fear of having nifaaq in them.”
47. “The compensation for gheebat (speaking ill of people in their absence) is istighfaar (i.e. to seek forgiveness from Allah Ta’ala).”
(If the person is aware of the gheebat, it will also be necessary to seek forgiveness from him.)
48. “Man will have to give a reckoning for the halaal and haraam of this world in which he had participated.”
49. “Every person (i.e. with love of the world in his heart) will depart from this world with three regrets: (1) His desire for accumulation of wealth will be unfulfilled. (2) Unrealized goals. (3) Having made no preparations for the journey of the Hereafter.”
50. Someone reported to Hasan Basri that a certain man was in his death throes. He commented:
“He was in his death throes since his appearance on earth. He will now be released.”
51. “He who has no love of the world will be saved. The one entrapped in the world is ruined. Those who are not proud of the bounties of the world will be forgiven.”
52. “An intelligent man abandons the world and develops the Aakhirah.”
53. “In this world there is no animal more rebellious than the nafs.”
54. “Allah disgraces a man who honours (loves) gold and silver.”
55. “A man who regards himself as a leader of the community is astray.”
56. “A man who narrates the defects of others to you, will most assuredly narrate your defects to others.”
57. Once when Hasan Basri saw a man eating in the qabrustaan (cemetery), he said: “This man is a munaafiq (hypocrite). A man whose desires agitate in the presence of the dead has no belief in Maut and the Aakhirah. Whoever does not believe in Maut and the Aakhirah is a munaafiq.”
58. On the night that Hadhrat Hasan Basri (rahmatullah alayh) died, a buzrug saw in a dream the portals of the heaven opening and a voice proclaimed: “Hasan Basri has reached Allah Ta’ala.”
HADHRAT MAALIK IBN DINAAR (rahmatullahi alayhi)
1. Hadhrat Maalik Bin Dinaar (rahmatullah alayh) was a contemporary of Hadhrat Hasan Basri (rahmatullah alayh). Once he got into a ferry boat. When the boat was in the middle of the river, the pilot asked for the fee which Maalik Bin Dinaar was unable to tender. The pilot mercilessly beat him until he became unconscious. When he revived, the pilot threatened to throw him overboard if he failed to make payment. By the command of Allah Ta’ala a shoal of fishes surfaced. Each one had a dinaar (gold coin) in its mouth. Hadhrat Maalik took one dinaar and handed it to the pilot who fell at his feet ashamed, profusely apologizing. Hadhrat Maalik stepped off the boat and walked away on the surface on the water until he was out of sight.
2. Hadhrat Maalik Bin Dinaar was very handsome and extremely wealthy. He lived in Damascus. The following is the episode which led to his reformation. He used to spend time in I’tikaaf in the beautiful Jaami Musjid built by Hadhrat Muaawiyah (رضئ الله عنه ). Once he developed the desire to become the mutawalli (trustee) of the Musjid. He, therefore, decided to remain in the Musjid and engaged in ibaadat to impress the musallis. He spent the whole year in I’tikaaf in the Musjid. Whenever people entered the Musjid they would find him performing Salaat. After one year he came out of the Musjid and heard a voice saying: “O Maalik! Alas! Why don’t you repent. Shame on your year’s of deceptive worship.”
Cleansing his heart from riyaa (show) he passed the entire night in ibaadat. In the morning he saw a group of musallis at the entrance of the Musjid. They were discussing the poor state of the Musjid’s administration. They unanimously decided to appoint Maalik Bin Dinaar as the mutawalli. They said that there was no one better qualified for this post than Maalik Bin Dinaar.
When the group approached Maalik Bin Dinaar, he was engaged in Salaat. After he completed his Salaat, they informed him of their decision to appoint him the mutawalli. When he heard this he said to himself: “O Allah! For a whole year I worshipped you with riyaa, but no one paid any heed to me. Now after a single night’s ibaadat with sincerity, so many people have turned to me by Your command. I take oath by You that I shall not accept this offer.” So saying, he came out of the Musjid and engrossed in ibaadat life-long.
3. In the city of Basrah an extremely wealthy man had died leaving his only daughter. This girl who inherited her father’s entire estate was very beautiful. She went to Hadhrat Thaabit Bunaani (rahmatullah alayh), the renowned saint, and said: “I wish to be married to Maalik Bin Dinaar so that I derive aid in ibaadat and the Deen.” Hadhrat Thaabit put this proposal to Hadhrat Maalik Bin Dinaar, but he declined, commenting:”I have abandoned the world. Woman is also part of the world. I have no desire of violating my pledge.”
4. Once while Maalik Bin Dinaar was resting in the shade of a tree, a snake was fanning him with a Narcissus branch.
5. Hadhrat Maalik Bin Dinaar frequently resolved to participate in Jihaad. When finally he acquired the opportunity, he was overtaken by a severe fever which rendered him helpless. Lamenting his fate, he said to himself: “Maalik, if you had any status by Allah, you would not have become ill at such an opportune time.” Full of grief he fell asleep. In a dream he heard a caller saying: “If you had today gone in Jihaad, you would have been captured. The kuffaar would have ruined your Imaan by forcibly feeding you pork. This fever is a beautiful gift for you.” Waking up from his dream, Maalik Bin Dinaar abundantly expressed his gratitude to Allah Ta’ala.
6. Once, after a long spell of illness he went into the bazaar. Due to excessive weakness he was hobbling along. The Sultan with his retinue happened to pass through the bazaar. The soldiers were clearing the street, harshly ordering people to step aside to make way for the royal procession. On account of his weakness, Maalik Bin Dinaar was unable to move quickly. A soldier struck him with a whip. Feeling the sharp pain, Maalik spontaneously exclaimed: “May Allah cut off your hand.” The next day, he saw the soldier laying in the street with his hand cut off. Hadhrat Maalik grieved much for having blurted out the curse.
7. The neighbour of Maalik Bin Dinaar was a physically strong evil young man who caused much distress to people. Once the people complained to Maalik Bin Dinaar about the oppressive conduct of the young man. Maalik Bin Dinaar went to counsel him. The young man responded: “I am a royal servant. No one can tell me anything.” He displayed an evil temper. Maalik said: “I shall complain to the king.” The young man said: “He is most gracious and kind and will not apprehend me.” Maalik Bin Dinaar returned crest-fallen.
After some time, the people again complained about the evil and oppressive conduct of the young man. Maalik Bin Dinaar again set off to counsel the young man. Along the way he heard a voice saying: “Do not pursue My friend.” Maalik Bin Dinaar, greatly surprised went to the young man who exclaimed: “You have come again!” Maalik Bin Dinaar said: “I have come to give you glad tidings. Allah Ta’ala says that you are His friend.” The young man said: “If this is so, I give all my wealth in the path of Allah.”
After having contributed his entire estate in the path of Allah, he left, never to be seen again. Maalik Bin Dinaar saw him in Makkah. He had become extremely lean and weak. He was supplicating:
“Allah has called me His friend. I have sacrificed myself for Him with all my heart. I know that His pleasure is in ibaadat. Never shall I displease Him. I repent.”
As he supplicated, his soul departed from his earthly body.
8. Once Maalik Bin Dinaar rent a room next to the home of a Jew. His room was adjacent to the entrance of the Jew’s home. The Jew spitefully always deposited garbage and filth in Maalik’s entrance. Even his musalla would at times be soiled. This treatment continued for a long period, but Maalik Bin Dinaar never complained.
One day the Jew came and said: “Does the garbage I deposit in front of your room not distress you?”
Maalik: “It does distress me, but I wash and clean the place.”
Jew: “Why do you tolerate so much distress?”
Maalik: Allah has promised substantial reward for those who contain their anger and forgive people.”
Jew: “Truly, your Deen is beautiful. It commands toleration of even the hardships presented by enemies.”
The Jew was so affected by the beautiful conduct of Maalik Bin Dinaar that he embraced Islam.
9. Maalik Bin Dinaar visited a man in his death throes. He endeavoured to induce the dying man to recite Kalimah Shahaadat. The only response was: “Ten, eleven–ten, eleven.” The man said: “In front of me is a mountain of fire. When I wish to recite Kalimah Shahaadat, the mountain of fire rushes towards me. Maalik Bin Dinaar enquired about the man’s deeds and he was told that this man dealt in interest and would give less when weighing.
10. Once Maalik Bin Dinaar and Ja’far Bin Sulaimaan were together in Makkah Muazzamah. When Maalik Bin Dinaar commenced the Talbiyah, saying he fainted. When he revived, Ja’far bin Sulaimaan asked the reason for his unconsciousness. Maalik Bin Dinaar said:
“I feared to hear a voice which would respond
“(There is no presence for you).”
11. When reciting the aayat
Maalik Bin Dinaar would restless, weep much and say:”If this was not a Qur’aanic aayat, I would not have recited it because it means: Only You do we worship and only You we seek aid, but we worship our nafs and seek aid from other.”
12. Once a woman said to Maalik Bin Dinaar: “You are a man of riyaa.” (Riyaa means to worship in order to impress others.)
Maalik Bin Dinaar: “For the past 20 years no one called me by my name. Finally, you have recognized me.”
13. Maalik Bin Dinaar said:
“A companionship which will be of no benefit on the day of Qiyaamah is futile.”
“A man who indulges in idle conversation and remembers Allah little, lacks knowledge. His heart is blind. His life is ruined.”
14. Maalik Bin Dinaar said that in one of the Divine Scriptures, Allah Ta’ala said:
“The least punishment I give to an Aalim who loves the world is the elimination from his heart of the pleasure of thikr.”
15. After Maalik Bin Dinaar’s demise, a buzrug saw in a dream a scene on Qiyaamah. The angels were leading Maalik Bin Dinaar and Muhammad Waasi’ to Jannat. The buzrug (in his dream) wondered: “Who will be allowed to enter first into Jannat?” Soon he observed that Maalik Bin Dinaar was permitted to enter first. The buzrug commented: “Muhammad Waasi’ was a greater Aalim and enjoyed greater spiritual perfection.” The Angel responded: “True, but Muhammad Waasi’ owned two sets of garments while Maalik Bin Dinaar had only one set. He has therefore been granted prior entry into Jannat.”
HADHRAT MUHAMMAD WAASI’ (rahmatullah alayh)
1. He was among the Tab-e-Taabieen having had the honour of meeting a large number of senior Tabieen.
Hunger was his salient feature. His diet was mainly dried out bread immersed in water. He would say: “One who is contented with dry bread is never dependent on others.” Sometimes extreme hunger would drive him to the home of Hadhrat Hasan Basri who would become delighted to receive him. One of his sayings is:
“Fortunate is the man who wakes up in the morning hungry, sleeps hungry and remembers Allah Ta’ala in his hunger.”
2. A man asked for some naseehat. Muhammad Waasi’ said: “Adopt abstinence (zuhd). Abandon greed. Know that all people are dependent. Do not ask your needs from anyone. If you follow this advice, you will become independent and you will acquire the kingdom of both worlds.”
3. Once he said to maalik Bin Dinaar:”It is more difficult to guard the tongue than guarding gold and silver.”
4. Someone enquired: “How are you?” Muhammad Waasi’ said: “What can I say about a man whose life is decreasing and sins increasing?”
5. He said: “A Saadiq (true saint) is not a perfect Saadiq as long as his khauf (fear) and raja (hope) are not equal. (There should be neither excess or deficiency in these attributes. A perfect balance between the two is necessary excess or deficiency leads to transgression of the limits.)