HADHRAT HABIB AJMI (rahmatullah alayh)
1. Prior to his reformation, Hadhrat Habib Ajmi was an extremely wealthy money-lender. He gave loans on interest to the people of Basrah. His daily routine was to visit his debtors and extract payment. He would not return without having squeezed out payment from his hard-pressed debtors. If debtors were unable to pay, he would levy a charge for his wasted time.
One day when he visited a debtor, the latter’s wife informed him that her husband was not at home. She had no money to give to Habib Ajmi. The only thing she had was some meat which Habib demanded. He took the meat, gave it to his wife and said that it was an interest payment. He instructed her to cook it. His wife complained that there was neither firewood nor flour for baking bread. He said that he will obtain both as interest from debtors. He set off to procure these items from other debtors. After a short while he returned, having extorted some firewood and flour.
His wife prepared the food. Meanwhile a beggar appeared at the door and asked for some food. Habib rebuffed him, saying that there was nothing to give. The beggar left crestfallen.
When Habib’s wife opened the pot to dish out the food, she was shocked to discover the pot filled with blood. She called her husband and exclaimed: “Look at the consequences of your evil.” The sight of the blood shocked Habib Ajmi. His heart opened up and he said to his wife: “Be witness that I repent and shall abstain from all evil deeds.”
The following day he set out of his house with the intention of waiving all the monies owing to him. A group of children playing in the street said: “Look out! Here comes Habib, the devourer of interest. Be careful! Don’t let the dust under his feet contaminate you. We all will then become miserable and unfortunate as him.” Those remarks grieved him.
He then went to Hadhrat Hasan Basri (rahmatullah alayh) whose counselling reduced him to tears. He repented and resolved to lead a life of piety. On his way back home he met one of his debtors who promptly fled on seeing Habib Ajmi. Habib called to the debtor: “Do not flee. Now I have to flee from you.”
As he proceeded home he came across the same group of boys he had met earlier. They spoke among themselves: “Give way! Habib is returning after having repented. Let not our dirt fall on him least Allah Ta’ala records us as transgressors.” In sheer elation, Habib Ajmi exclaimed: “O Allah! Only today have I repented and You have so quickly exalted my name.”
2. After his reformation, Habib Ajmi publicly announced the waiver of all debts owing to him. He forgave all his debtors. He contributed all his wealth in the path of Allah. When he had no more assets, a man claimed that the kurtah Habib was wearing belonged to him. Habib Ajmi removed it and handed it to the claimant. Another man claimed the shawl Habib’s wife had. Habib Ajmi gave him the shawl.
3. He constructed a small hut on the bank of the river Euphrates. He and his wife spent their time worshipping in the hut. He would spend the day in the company of Hadhrat Hasan Basri and pass the night in ibaadat.
4. One day his wife told him to show some concern for bringing food as there was nothing to eat. He promised to find some work. He left home and spent the day worshipping Allah Ta’ala. When he returned home in the evening his wife said: “You have brought nothing.” Habib said: “My employer is gracious, hence I was ashamed of asking for anything. He said that he will give me something after ten days.” After passing of the ten days, Habib Ajmi thought: “What shall I now take home?” While he was in this thought, Allah Ta’ala sent with an unknown person a bag of flour, a slaughtered goat, a container of butter, honey and 300 dirhams.
The person who brought the goods to Habib Ajmi’s home said to his wife:”When Habib comes, tell him to be more diligent in his work. I shall increase his remuneration.”
When Habib Ajmi returned, he was pleasantly surprised and grateful to behold the bounties sent by Allah Ta’ala.
5. Once a grieving woman came and lamented that her son was lost. She was unable to bear the separation. Habib Ajmi asked if she had anything with her. She replied that she had two dirhams. He took the two dirhams and gave it to the poor. After making dua, he said: “Go, your son has returned.” Even before she reached home the child was found. Hugging him she asked for an explanation. The boy recounted the following episode:”I was in Kirmaan. My teacher sent me to buy meat. Suddenly a strong gust of wind lifted me. I heard a voice commanding:”O Wind! Blow him to his home.”
6. Habib Ajmi, being a non-Arab, was unable to pronounce the Arabic words correctly. Once Hadhrat Hasan Basri arrived at Habib Ajmi’s home at the time of Maghrib. Habib Ajmi had already commenced Maghrib Salaat. When Hasan Basri heard Habib Ajmi reciting, he decided not to follow him in Salaat. He thus performed Salaat separately. During the night Hasan Basri in a dream was blessed with Allah’s Vision. he asked: “O Rabb, in what lies Your pleasure?”
Allah Ta’ala said: “You have found My Pleasure, but have not recognized its status.” Hasan Basri: “What is it?” Allah Ta’ala: “If you had followed Habib Ajmi in Salaat, it would have been better for you than your Salaat of a lifetime. You thought of external perfection without taking cognizance of the purity of the heart.”
7. Once when Hadhrat Hasan Basri was pursued by the police of the tyrant Hajjaaj, he took shelter in the hut of Habib Ajmi. When the police arrived, they questioned Habib Ajmi about the whereabouts of Hasan Basri. Habib Ajmi informed them that he was inside the hut. Even after thoroughly searching the hut, they could not find Hasan Basri even though their hands passed seven times over him. After the police left, Hasan Basri said to Habib Ajmi:”You failed to observe the rights of your Ustaadh. You informed the police of my whereabouts.”
Habib Ajmi said: “If I had spoken a lie, they would have discovered you.” Hasan Basri asked: “What did you recite?” Habib Ajmi said:”Aayatul Kursi twice, Surah Ikhlaas 10 times, Aamanar Rasool 10 times. Then I supplicated for Allah to protect you.”
8. Once Hadhrat Imaam Shaafi (rahmatullah alayh) and Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hambal (rahmatullah alayh) met. While they were conversing, Habib Ajmi (rahmatullah alayh) appeared on the scene. Imaam Ahmad said to Imaam Shaafi: “I shall ask him something.” Although Imaam Shaafi discouraged Imaam Ahmad, the latter asked Habib Ajmi: “If a person has missed one of the five Salaats (and cannot recall which one), what should he do?”
Habib Ajmi: “He should repeat all five Salaat because he was forgetful and disrespectful to Allah Ta’ala.”
Imaam Shaafi to Imaam Ahmad: “I told you not to question him. These people who have reached Allah Ta’ala have a different approach.”
9. When he would hear the Qur’aan being recited, he would weep. People asked: “How do you understand the Qur’aan which is in Arabic while you are a non-Arab?”
Habib Ajmi said: “My tongue is non-Arab and my heart is Arab.”
10. A durwaish (saint) recognized the lofty spiritual rank of Habib Ajmi, enquired: “How did you, a non-Arab, acquire this lofty rank?” The durwaish heard a voice responding: “Although he is a non-Arab, he is a Habib (i.e. a Lover of Allah).”
11. A murderer was executed by hanging. People dreamt that he was strolling in Jannat dressed in beautiful garments. Asked for the reason for his entry into Jannat despite being a murderer, he said: “While I was hanging on the gibbet, Habib Ajmi happened to pass by. He took pity on me and prayed for my forgiveness.”
HADHRAT ABU HAAZIM MAKKI (rahmatullah alayh)
Hadhrat Abu Haazim (rahmatullah alayh) had the good fortune of meeting many Sahaabah. He was therefore a Taabi-ee.
1. The Khalifah, Hishaam Bin Abdul Maalik asked him: “How can salvation in the Hereafter be achieved?”
Abu Haazim said: “Acquisition of wealth lawfully and spending it lawfully.”
The Khalifah asked: “Who can do this?”
Abu Haazim: “He who wishes for Jannat, fears Jahannum and searches for Allah’s Pleasure.”
2. He said: “Abstain from the world. I have heard that on the Day of Qiyaamah an Aabid (Worshipper) who loved the world will be exhibited in the vast multitude of people and an Angel will say: ‘This is the man who loved what Allah detested.”
“There is nothing on earth, the ultimate end of which is not regret.” “On earth there is no luxury devoid of grief.” “This world is such an evil abode that even its insignificant things attract a person more than the great wonders of Jannat.”
3. “I discovered all things in two things:
One: What has been ordained for me.
Two: What has not been ordained for me.
Even if I flee from the things ordained for me, they will reach me, and even if I pursue what has not been ordained for me, it will elude me.”
4. Once when he passed by the butcher’s shop, the butcher said: “The meat today is of high quality. Take some.”
Abu Haazim said: “I have no money.”
The butcher: “You can pay when you are able to.”
Abu Haazim: “Let me consult first my nafs.”
The butcher: “It is for this reason that you are so weak and only skin and bone.”
Abu Haazim: “This is sufficient for the worms (i.e. in the grave).”
5. A buzrug set out for Hajj. In Makkah Muazzamah he went to meet Abu Haazim whom he found sleeping. The buzrug waited. When Abu Haazim awoke, the buzrug greeted. Abu Haazim said: “I have just seen Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم ) in a dream. He said that caring for your mother is better than performing Hajj. You should cancel your plan for Hajj.” The buzrug obeyed and returned home to take care of his mother.
HADHRAT KWAAJAH UTBAH IBNUL GHULAAM (rahmatullah alayh)
1. Once during winter people saw him perspiring excessively. When asked for the reason, he said: “Some time ago I had a few guests who scratched off some sand from my neighbour’s wall to wash their hands therewith. Although my neighbour have forgiven this act, whenever I come to this spot, I perspire (on account of fear for the misdeed committed).”
2. Once his mother said: “O Utbah! Have mercy on yourself.” Utbah said: “I desire that mercy be shown to me on the Day of Qiyaamah. This world is a life of a few days. Tolerating hardships here will result in mercy and comfort in the Hereafter.”
HADHRAT RABIAH BASRIYYAH (rahmatullah alayha)
1. On the night Hadhrat Rabiah (rahmatullah alayha) was born, the house was in complete darkness. Her father was unable to buy even oil for the lamp on account of his poverty. There was no garments to wrap the new born babe. She was the fourth daughter hence was named Rabiah (i.e. the fourth). Her mother asked her father (Rabiah’s father) to go to a neighbour for some oil. Rabiah’s father had vowed never to ask anything from anyone. However, to satisfy his wife, he went to the neighbour’s house, knocked on the door and came away before anyone opened it. On his return, he told his wife that the door was not opened. Grief-stricken he fell asleep. In a dream he saw Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) telling him:
“Do not grieve, this girl born to you is exceptionally fortunate and holy. By her intercession 70,000 people of my Ummah will be forgiven. Go to the governor of Basrah and convey to him this message written on a page:
“Every night you recite 100 Durood on me and on Friday night 400 times. Last Friday night you forget to recite the Durood. As a compensation for this omission give this person 400 dinars.”
Rabiah’s father woke up crying. He wrote out the message and went to meet the governor. He handed the letter to a guard. When the governor read the letter he was moved by the fact that Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) had remembered him. He ordered 10,000 dirhams to be given to the poor as a token of gratitude. He went out to meet Rabiah’s father. After presenting him with the 400 dinars, he said: “In future whatever your needs are, come to me without any hesitation.”
2. After she came of age, her parents passed away. There was a great famine in Basrah. The sisters were separated. A cruel man abducted her. He enslaved her and finally sold her cheaply. All day long she worked for her master and spend the night in ibaadat. One night her master woke up and heard her supplicating. When he went to investigate he saw a lamp miraculously hanging in mid-air above her lighting up the entire room. She was saying: “O Allah! You know that my heart’s desire is to serve You, and the light of my eyes is in Your service. Since You have subjected me to be in the service of people, I am late for Your service.”
Rabiah’s master resolved to set her free. In the morning, he emancipated her and said: “You are free to go. If you choose to stay here, you are welcome. However, then I shall serve you.” Taking permission she departed to spend her time in the ibaadat of Allah Ta’ala.
3. Once while she was in the service of her master she was sent on an errand. Along the way a man accosted her. In fright she fled, slipped and broke her hand. Praying to Allah Ta’ala she cried: “O Allah! I am forlorn, without mother and father. Now my hand too is broken. But I do not care for these calamities if You are pleased with me. Are You pleased or displeased with me?”
A voice called to her: “On the Day of Qiyaamah even the Muqarrab (very close) Angels will envy your rank.”
4. Daily she performed a thousand raka’ts Nafl Salaat.
5. When she went for Hajj she took along an emaciated donkey on which was loaded her few belongings. The ass died along the journey. The people accompanying her offered to carry her belongings, but she refused, saying: “Proceed! I did not come relying on you.” The caravan continued, leaving her behind. With her perfect trust in Allah Ta’ala she supplicated for His aid. Even before completing her dua, the donkey came to life. Rabiah continued her journey and reached Makkah Muazzamah.
6. Rabiah in her yearning for Allah, prayed to be shown His Vision. A Voice said to her:”If you desire Me, I shall reveal a manifestation (Tajalli) of Myself and in a moment you will be reduced to ash.”
Rabiah said: “O Allah! I lack the power for Your Tajalli. I wish for the rank of Faqr (i.e. an extremely lofty spiritual status of divine proximity).”
The Voice said: “O Rabiah! Faqr is the famine of My Wrath. We have reserved it exclusively for those Men (Auliyaa) who have completely reached Us. There remains not even the distance of a hair between them and Us. At that juncture, We rebuff them and distance them from Our Proximity. Inspite of his, they do not lose hope in Us. They again commence their journey towards Us. While this is their condition, you are still wrapped in the veils of time. As long as you are with the folds of these veils and have not entered into Our Path with a true heart, it is improper for you to even mention Faqr.”
The Voice then commanded Rabiah to lift her gaze towards the heaven. As she complied, she observed a vast rolling ocean of blood suspended in space. The Voice said:”This is the ocean of blood of tears of My Lovers who are lost in My Absorption. This is their first stage (in their journey to reach Allah).”
7. Once, Rabiah overcome with tiredness, fell asleep. A thief entered and took her shawl, but he was unable to find his way out. When he replaced the shawl, he saw the exit. Again he took the shawl and lost the way. He replaced the shawl and saw the way out. He repeated this process several times. Then he heard someone saying:
“Why bring a calamity on yourself? She whose shawl this is, has handed herself over to another Being. Even Shaitaan cannot approach her. A thief is not able to steal her shawl. Leave it and depart.”
8. Once when Rabiah was on a mountain, the wild beasts of the jungle gathered around her and stared at her in wonder. Coincidentally, Hadhrat Hasan Basri appeared on the scene. All the animals scattered and disappeared into the jungle. In surprise he said: “The animals fled when they saw me. Why did they stay with you?” Rabiah asked: “What did you eat today?” Hasan Basri: “Meat and bread.” Rabiah: “When you have eaten meat, why should they not flee?”
9. It was said to Rabiah: “Hadhrat Hasan says that if on the Day of Qiyaamah he is deprived of Allah’s Vision for even a moment, he will lament so much that the inmates of Jannat will take pity on him.”
Rabiah said: “True, but this claim is appropriate for only a person who does not forget Allah Ta’ala here on earth for a single moment.”
10. People asked: “Why do you not take a husband?”
Rabiah responded: “I am saddled with three concerns. If you remove these worries from me, I shall take a husband. One: Tell me, will I die with Imaan? Two: On the Day of Qiyaamah will my Record of Deeds be given in my right or left hand? Three: On the Day of Qiyaamah will I be among the people of the right side or the left side?” The people said that they were unable to give her assurances regarding these issues. She said: “A woman who has these fears has no desire for a husband.”
11. She was asked: “From whence have you come and whither are you going?” Rabiah said: “I came from that world and I am returning to that world.” The People asked: “What are you doing in this world?” Rabiah let out a cry of lament. They asked: “Why are you lamenting?” Rabiah said: “I obtain my rizq from that world while I am doing the work of this world.”
12. When asked for the cause of her constant crying, Rabiah said: “I fear separation from Allah Ta’ala. I fear that at the time of maut I may be rebuffed and it be announced: “You do not deserve to be in Our Presence.”
13. She was asked: “When is Allah pleased with a person?” Rabiah replied: “When he expresses gratitude for the effort (on His Path) just as he expresses gratitude for bounties.”
14. Rabiah said: “As long as Allah Ta’ala does not grant the taufeeq, a person will not be able to repent for sins. (Thus, sincere repentance indicates acceptance of the taubah.)
15. “As long as man’s heart is not alert, his other limbs cannot find the path of Allah. An alert heart is a heart lost in divine absorption. Such a heart is not in need of the aid of other limbs. This stage is called Fana (annihilation).”
16. “Only verbal istighfaar is the act of liars. When a vain person makes taubah, he should again make taubah (for the sin of vanity).”
17. Once Rabiah kept seven fasts and spent the entire night in Ibaadat. On the seventh day someone presented her a bowl of milk. When she went to fetch the lamp, a cat came and drank the milk. She decided to break fast with water. When she brought a cup of water, the lamp was extinguished. As she lifted the cup, it slipped and broke. She drew a sigh and said: “O Allah! What are You doing to me?” A Voice said: “O Rabiah! If you desire the bounties of the world, We shall bestow it to you, but then We shall remove Our love from your heart. Our love and worldly bounties cannot coexist in one heart.” Henceforth, Rabiah severed all her worldly hopes and her attitude was like that of a person in his death throes. Each morning she supplicated: “O Allah! Keep me engrossed in You and do not allow the people of the world to divert me.”
18. Once when Hadhrat Hasan Basri went to visit Hadhrat Rabiah, he found one of the wealthy and prominent citizens of Basrah standing with a bag of money, weeping at her door. On enquiring, he said: “I have brought this gift for Rabiah. I know she will refuse it, hence, I am crying. Do intercede for me. Perhaps she will accept it.” Hasan Basri went inside and delivered the message. Rabiah said: “Since I have recognized Allah, I have renounced the world. I am not aware of its source–whether halaal or haraam?”
19. Maalik Bin Dinaar went to visit Rabiah. He found in her home only a partly broken jug which she used for wudhu and drinking water; a very old straw-mat on which she slept and a brick which she used as a pillow. Maalik Bin Dinaar said: “I have many affluent friends. Shall I ask them to bring some items for you?”
Rabiah said: “O Maalik! Is my Provider, your Provider and the provider of the wealthy not the same Being?” Maalik said: “Yes.” Rabiah: “What, has He forgotten about the needs of the poor on account of their poverty while he remembers the needs of the wealthy?” Maalik Bin Dinaar: “It is not so.” Rabiah: “When He never forgets anyone, why should we remind Him? He has wished this condition for me and I am pleased with it because it is His pleasure.”
20. Rabiah supplicated: “O Allah! My duty and my desire on earth are Your remembrance and in the Aakhirah, Your Vision. You are the Master.” “O Allah! Maintain the presence (i.e. concentration) of my heart or accept my ibaadat devoid of concentration.”
21. When her time to depart from earth was near, the illustrious Mashaa-ikh gathered by her.
She said: “Go away and leave place for the Angels.” They all went out and closed the door. While they were waiting outside, they heard from within a voice reciting:
“O Soul at Rest! Return to your Rabb.”
For a long while thereafter there was silence. When they went inside they discovered that Rabiah’s soul had taken flight from this world and had reached Allah.
22. In a dream someone asked her: “What transpired when Munkar and Nakir came to You?” Rabiah said: “When they asked me: “Who is your Rabb?”, I said: “Go back! Say to Allah: When You had never forgotten this weak woman despite Your remembrance of entire creation, how can she forget You when on earth You were her only remembrance? Why do you send Angels to question her?”
23. Muhammad Aslam Toosi and Nu’maa Tartoosi (rahmatullah alayhima) stood at her grave side. One of them said:
“O Rabiah! During your lifetime you made bold and audacious claims of having renounced the world. Tell us, what has transpired now with you?” From inside the grave, Hadhrat Rabiah (rahmatullah alayha) spoke:”May Allah grant me barkat in what I have seen and am seeing (i.e. of the wonders of the spiritual realm).”
HADHRAT FUZAIL BIN IYAAZ(rahmatullah alayh)
1. Prior to his reformation and renunciation of the world, Hadhrat Fuzail was the chief of a band of highway robbers. He operated in the desert attacking and looting passing caravans. Even while a bandit he wore simple garments of sackcloth and a woollen cap. A tasbeeh was always strung around his neck. When his band of dacoits brought their plunder, he would take whatever he desired and distribute the remainder among them.
Although his profession was dacoity, he always performed Salaat in Jamaat. He would expel any member of his band, who did not participate in Jamaat Salaat.
Another noble trait in him was that he had strict instructions for observing the Purdah of the female travellers in the caravans. Sufficient means for continuance of the caravan’s journey were also left with the people. Fuzail Bin Iyaaz would also keep account of the persons and the amounts he robbed. (Allah Ta’ala had wonderful plans for Hadhrat Fuzail, hence these noble characteristics were in him despite him being the leader of dacoits.)
2. Once a big caravan laden with wealth had to pass through the territory where Fuzail’s bandits operated. As the caravan approached his territory, the people were gripped by fear and worry. Before entering into the feared zone, a man who had brought along considerable wealth thought of burying his wealth in the wilderness. Even if the caravan is looted, his gold and silver would be safe. While searching in the wilderness for a convenient place to conceal his gold, he came across a tent in which a buzrug was sitting on his musalla engrossed in Thikrullah. This was an ideal place to hide the gold. He spoke to the buzrug who indicated to the merchant to leave the bag in one corner of the tent. After doing do, he left for the caravan.
As expected, Fuzail’s bandits looted the caravan. After the robbers had left, the merchant returned to the tent to reclaim his wealth. When he reached the tent, he was shocked to discover that all the bandits were there dividing the loot. Now to his dismay he realised the ‘buzrug’ was Fuzail, the leader of the bandits. He lamented the fact that he had destroyed his wealth with his own hands.
When Fuzail saw the merchant, he called him. Full of fear, the merchant stepped forward. Fuzail asked: “What do you want?” Merchant: “I came for my amaanat (trust) which I left by you.” Fuzail: “Take it from where you had left it.” At first the merchant thought Fuzail was mocking him. However, when Fuzail insisted, the merchant took his bag. Surprised and amazed he left for the caravan.
In surprise, the robbers asked: “Why did you return his money? We did not obtain any money in this caravan.” Fuzail said: “He trusted me and entertained a good opinion of me. I, therefore, honoured his trust. I hold a good opinion of Allah Ta’ala. By His fadhl, He too will uphold my hopes in His mercy.”
After this episode, the bandits looted another caravan in which they had acquired much wealth. When they sat down to eat, one of the travellers asked for their leader. The bandits said: “He is at the riverside engaged in Salaat.”
Traveller: “This is not the time for Salaat.”
Bandit: “He engages in Nafl Salaat.”
Traveller: “Why does he not eat with you?”
Bandit: “He is fasting.”
Traveller: “It is not Ramadhaan.”
Bandit: “He keep Nafl fasts.”
Hearing this, the traveller was very surprised. He went to Fuzail and asked: “Tell me, what relationship is there between robbery and Salaat, Saum?”
Fuzail: “Do you know the Qur’aan?”
Fuzail: “Did you not recite the aayat:
This reply surprised the traveller even more. He left wondering at the condition of this leader of the bandits.
3. In the beginning he was deeply in love with a woman. He would send his share of the looted wealth to this woman.
4. One night when a caravan entered Fuzail’s territory, he heard a Qari reciting:
“What! Has the time not arrived for the believers that their hearts mellow with fear for the thikr of Allah?”
This aayat struck Fuzail’s heart like an arrow. He exclaimed: “Alas! How long will I continue ruining my life with banditry? The time has arrived for travelling in the path of Allah.” He was overcome with profound regret and wept abundantly. He resolved to reform himself.
5. After repenting, Fuzail Bin Iyaaz set out for another wilderness. He found that a caravan had put up camp there. He heard a traveller telling his companion: “We are about to enter Fuzail’s domain. We have to be careful.” Fuzail said: “Have no fear. I have repented. I now am fleeing from you.”
6. After repenting, Fuzail journied to meet all those people whose rights he had plundered. He had to make amends otherwise his repentance would be incomplete. All his victims except a Jew, forgave him. The Jew said: “If you want me to forgive you, then remove this dune of sand in front of us. For many days, Fuzail laboured, carrying away the sand. One day Allah Ta’ala sent a strong wind which blew all the sand of the dune away. When the Jew saw what had happened, he said: “I had taken an oath that as long as you do not return my money, I shall not forgive you. Near my bed is a bag of Ashrafis (gold coins). Bring it to me so that my oath is fulfilled to enable me to forgive you.” Fuzail took the bag and gave it to the Jew. When the Jew opened the bag, he said: “First make me a Muslim, then I shall forgive you.”
After the Jew had embraced Islam, he said: “Do you know why I became a Muslim?”
Fuzail: “I do not know.”
Former Jew: “I have read in the Taurah that when a man who has sincerely repented touches sand, it becomes gold. That bag had contained some sand which turned into gold by your touch. I have now realised the truth of your Deen.”
7. Once Fuzail said to a man: “Take me to the king. In my lifetime I had committed many crimes. I want the king to punish me. The man took Fuzail to the king and put forward his request. The king, however, recognized him and honoured him. He ordered all present to honour and revere Fuzail. A group of noblemen was sent by the king to accompany Fuzail until his home. This treatment greatly grieved him. Seeing his grief, his wife asked: “Are you wounded?” Fuzail: “Yes, I have been wounded.” His wife: “Where?” Fuzail: “My heart has been wounded.”
8. When Fuzail resolved to go for Hajj, he said to his wife: “I intend to go for Hajj. The road is difficult and treacherous. I do not want to impose any hardship on you. If you wish, I shall set you free.” His wife: “I have been with you all these years. I have never been separated from you. I shall live with you and serve you. I shall go with you.” They thus set off together on the journey which Allah Ta’ala made easy for them. He finally settled in Makkah Muazzamah.
9. In addition to having met many Auliyaa, Fuzail stayed for some time in the company of Imaan Abu Hanifah (rahmatullah alayh) gaining considerable knowledge.
10. The people of Makkah would attend Fuzail’s discourses. Once some of his relatives came to visit him in Makkah. He did not open the door. Standing on the balcony, he said: “May Allah Ta’ala bestow good intelligence to you. May He keep you occupied in some pious activity.”
The manner in which he delivered his naseehat made such an impact on his relatives that they all fainted. When they became conscious, they left to return to their homeland. Fuzail, standing long on the balcony, gazed sadly at them, crying and making dua for them until they disappeared from sight.
11. One night, the renowned Khalifah, Haroun Ar-Rashid said to his wazier: “Take me to a buzrug, for my heart has become hard and corrupt.” The wazier (prime minister) took the Khalifah to Hadhrat Sufyaan Bin Uyainah (rahmatullah alayh). The wazier knocked at the door. Sufyaan Bin Uyainah asked: “Who is it?” Wazier: “Ameerul Mu’mineen has come.”
Sufyaan: “Why did you not inform me earlier. I myself would have come to meet him.” Hearing this, Haroun Ar-Rashid said: “This is not the type of buzrug I am searching for. Why have you brought me here?” Hadhrat Sufyaan said: “That type of buzrug is Fuzail Bin Iyaaz and no one else.” When they arrived at Hadhrat Fuzail’s home, the wazier knocked on the door.
Fuzail: “Who are you?”
Wazier: “Ameerul Mu’mineen is here.”
Fuzail: “What work has he with me? Do not take up my time.”
Wazier: “Obedience to the Ameer is incumbent.”
Fuzail: “Don’t distress me.”
Wazier: “Permit us to enter otherwise we shall enter without permission.”
Fuzail: “You have no permission. To enter without permission is your decision.”
Both entered. Fuzail extinguished the lamp so that his eyes do not fall on Haroun Ar-Rashid. The room was in darkness. Haroun Ar-Rashid managed to take Fuzail’s hand. Fuzail said: “How tender is this hand. If only it could be saved from Jahannum.” So saying, he began performing Salaat. The Khalifah wept. When Fuzail completed the Salaat, Haroun Ar-Rashid said: “Give me some advice.”
Fuzail: “Your father was the paternal uncle of Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) . – Haroun Ar-Rashid was a Sayyid. – He, (i.e. Hadhrat Abbaas –(ra) had asked Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) : ‘Appoint me the ruler of some region.’ Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) said: ‘I appoint you the ruler of your nafs. Your nafs in Allah’s obedience is better than a thousand years of people’s obedience (to you). On the Day of Qiyaamah, (earthly) kingdom will be the cause of regret.”
Haroun Ar-Rashid: “Say something more.”
Fuzail: “When Hadhrat Umar Bin Abdul Azeez became the Khalifah, he sent for Hadhrat Saalim Bin Abdullah, Hadhrat Rajaa Bin Hayaat and Hadhrat Muhammad Bin Ka’b (rahmatullah alayhim), and said: ‘I have become involved in this affair (of the Khilaafat). Guide me.’ One of the three elders said: ‘If you desire salvation in Qiyaamah, treat the aged Muslims as you would treat your mother and father; the young like your brothers; the children like your own children; women like your mother and sisters.”
Haroun Ar-Rashid: “Say something more.”
Fuzail: “Be kind to the pious and do good to your offspring and brothers. I fear that your handsome form may perhaps be entering Jahannum. Your face will there become ugly.”
Haroun Ar-Rashid wept and said: “Say something more.”
Fuzail: “Fear Allah! Be prepared to answer to Him. On the Day of Qiyaamah, Allah will question you about every single one of your subjects. If even an old lady in your domain slept hungry, on the Day of Qiyaamah she will grab hold of you and demand justice in the Divine Court.”
Unable to bear the impact of this naseehat, the Khalifah fainted.
The wazier said to Fuzail: “This is enough. You have killed Ameerul Mu’mineen.”
Fuzail: “O Haamaan! Be quiet! I have not killed him. You and your people have killed him.” (Haamaan was the wazier of Fir’oun.) By this time Haroun Ar-Rashid had regained conscious and had heard the comments of Fuzail. The Khalifah said to the wazier: “Have you heard? He said that you are Haamaan, which means I am Fir’oun.”
Addressing Fuzail, the Khalifah said: “Hadhrat, do you have any debt?”
Fuzail: “Yes, I am indebted to Allah.”
Haroun Ar-Rashid: “I am asking about debt owing to people.”
Fuzail: “Allah Ta’ala has bestowed bounties to me in such abundance that I have no need to incur debt.” Haroun Ar-Rashid presenting a bag containing 1,000 dinars said: “I have acquired this in a lawful way. It came to me as inheritance from my mother. Do accept it.”
Fuzail: Alas! You have derived no benefit from my naseehat. It is indeed surprising that while I have called you towards salvation, you plan to ruin me. I said that you should give to those who deserve, but you give to those who do not deserve.”
Fuzail then asked Haroun Ar-Rashid to leave. He closed the door on them. Outside, the Khalifah said to his wazier:
“Truly, this is a man of piety and excellence.”
12. One day, Fuzail taking his son in his lap played with him. The boy said: “Do you love me?” Fuzail: “Yes.” The son: “You also love Allah. The love of two cannot co-exist in one heart.” Fuzail understood that this comment of the boy was a reminder from Allah Ta’ala. He put the boy down and became absorbed in ibaadat.
13. Someone asked: “When does a man attain excellence in his relationship with Allah Ta’ala?” Fuzail said: “When obtainal and denial (of bounties of Allah) are the same.”
14. Imaam Ahmad Bin Hambal (rahmatullah alayh) said that he heard Fuzail Bin Iyaaz (rahmatullah alayh) say: “The searcher of the world is contemptible.” He also said: “Remain a follower. Do not become a leader. It is nobler to be a follower.”
15. His love for solitude constrained him to say: “I wish to become sick so that I be prevented from meeting people.” (Severe illness will allow him to be absent from the Musjid. He will thus be in solitude.) “One should take to solitude in such a place where no one sees one.”
16. Fuzail said: “I am grateful to a man who does not greet me when he sees me and does not visit me when I am sick.”
“A man who mingles with people is far from goodness.”
“The tongue of a person who fear Allah, remains silent.”
“When Allah befriends a man, He casts him in difficulties and He gives prosperity to His enemy.” (i.e. Worldly prosperity which in reality is a delusion, the end of which is everlasting perdition.)
“Everything has its fixed Zakaat. The Zakaat of Aql (intelligence) is contemplation. It is for this reason that Rasulullah ( صلى الله عايه وسالم) was always seen in a contemplative mood.”
“Just as weeping in Jannat is surprising, so too is laughing on earth surprising. Neither is Jannat an abode of crying nor is the world a place of laughing.”
“A man who has Allah’s fear, does not indulge in futility. The love of the world does not occur to him.”
“All things fear a man who fear Allah and a man who does not fear Allah, fears all things.”
“A man’s fear (for Allah) is proportionate to his knowledge (of Allah).”
“A man’s zuhd on earth is proportionate to his love for the Aakhirah.” (The greater his love for the Aakhirah, the more will he abstain from the world and its pleasures.)
“Allah has accumulated all evils in one place. Its key is this world.”
“It is easy to enter the world, but to leave it freed of liabilities is difficult.”
“The world is like an asylum and its inmates like insane people. Insane people are always kept imprisoned.”
“Even if the Aakhirah was of sand and this world of gold, man’s striving should be for the Aakhirah which is everlasting. This is more so, since the world is of sand and temporary and the Aakhirah of gold.”
“An arrogant man is deprived of humility. Allah Ta’ala loves humility (tawaadhu’).”
“It is difficult to find three persons – A practising Aalim; a man who practices righteousness with sincerity and a brother without fault.”
Allah curses a man who overtly professes friendship for a brother Muslim, but covertly is his enemy. It is possible that he may become blind and deaf.”
“A man who is pleased with the decrees of Allah, is a Zaahid and an Aarif.”
“True tawakkul (trust in Allah) is to sever all hope in anyone besides Allah and to fear only Him. A man of tawakkul is grateful to Allah.”
“If someone asks you: Are you the friend of Allah?, then remain silent. If you say that you are not, you become a kaafir. If you say that you are His friend, you are a liar because your deeds are not the deeds of a friend of Allah.”
“Many people emerge from the bathroom purified while many people return from the Ka’bah contaminated (with sins, i.e. there sins are not forgiven).”
“Smiling in front of a faasiq ruins one’s Deen.”
“When a man curses an animal, is responds: ‘May the curse fall on the one who is the greater sinner of us two and ‘Ameen’ from us both.”
“If I am told that only one of my duas will be accepted, I shall supplicate for the good of the king. If the king becomes good, it will benefit the whole nation.”
“Excessive eating and excessive sleeping ruin a man.”
“Allah Ta’ala revealed to a Nabi: “Give sinners the glad tidings of forgiveness if they repent and warn the Siddiqeen (Auliyaa) that if on the Day of Qiyaamah, I apply the code of justice, they all will be liable for punishment.”
17. Once when Fuzail saw his son polishing a dinaar (gold coin), he said: “Abandoning this futile act is better for you than ten Hajj and ten Umrah.”
18. For 30 years no one saw Fuzail laugh. But when his son died, Fuzail smiled. When asked for the reason, he said: “Allah Ta’ala is pleased with my son’s death, hence I smiled to conform with His pleasure.”
19. Once a Qaari recited the Qur’aan beautifully. Fuzail said: “Recite to my son, but do not recite Surah Al-Qaariah. My son is overcome with excessive fear of Allah. He is unable to bear hearing about the calamities of the Aakhirah.”
The Qaari recited to Fuzail’s son. Forgetting about Fuzail’s warning, he recited also Surah Al-Qaariah. The son let out a piercing scream and dropped down dead.
20. Fuzail said: “I do not envy the Ambiya. They too have to go through the stages of the Qabr, Qiyaamat and Siraat. I do not envy the Angels. They have greater fear for Allah than man. I, however, envy the child whose mother never gave birth to it.”
21. Fuzail had two daughters. He was very scrupulous in their upbringing, when he was about to die. He said to his wife:”After my death, take my daughters to Mount Abu Qais and say to Allah: “Fuzail had cared for them until his last. Fuzail has now assigned them to Your care.” After his demise, his wife fulfilled his wasiyyat. While making dua, the king of Yemen happened to pass by with his retinue which included his two sons. He made enquiries and proposed that Fuzail’s daughters be married to his sons. In this way did Allah Ta’ala care for the daughters of Fuzail. They married princes and lived in palaces.
22. Hadhrat Abdullah Bin Mubaarak (rahmatullah alayh) said:”When Fuzail Bin Iyaaz died, even the heavens and the earth wept. An eerie silence was perceived.”