The Bid’ah of 8 Raka’ts of “Taraweeh”
(Compiled by admin)
Taraweeh (20 or 8 Rakats, Sunnah Status, Congregation, etc.)
(Shaykh Zafar Ahmad Uthmani)
Proofs for the Obligatory Nature of Witr
(Maulana Zameelur Rahman)
Hadith Proofs for the Hanafi Procedure of Witr
(Maulana Zameelur Rahman)
The Proofs for the Hanafi Procedure for Witr Prayer
(Mufti Abdur Rahman ibn Yusuf & Others)
FATWASQ. Is it permissible to perform only 8 raka’ts Taraaweeh?
A. It is sinful to unnecessarily perform only 8 raka’ts Taraaweeh. It is incumbent to perform 20 raka’ts.
Stupid followers of Salafi’sm, a cult which originated in the 7th century of the Islamic era, display their profound jahaalat by claiming that Taraaweeh Salaat consists of only 8 raka’ts. These juhhaal (monstrous morons) are like Christians whose religion (Christianity) was formulated several centuries after the ascension of Hadhrat Nabi Isaa (alayhis salaam) into the heavens. The inception of Salaf’ism was during the 7th century when Ibn Taimiyyah broke away from the Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah and initiated his own sect. From the time of the Sahaabah until the 7th century, and from the 7th century to this day, and from this day until Qiyaamah, Taraaweeh was and will remain 20 raka’ts in the manner in which the Ummah is today performing. Prior to Ibn Taimiyyah, the entire Ummah had performed 20 raka’ts Taraaweeh.
The Deen of Islam was not completed and perfected almost seven hundred years after Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). It had attained its completion and perfection in the very age of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), hence Nubuwwat terminated with Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). In this regard the Qur’aan Shareef declares: “This Day have I perfected for you your Deen, and completed for you My favour, and (on this Day) have I chosen for you Islam as your Deen.” (Surah Maaidah, aayat 3)
Islam did not stand in need of ‘perfection’ by a deviant luminary who appeared almost 7 centuries after Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). “This Day” does not refer to 7 centuries after Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). It should be noted that every Mujaddid who appeared at the beginning of every Islamic century always without fail weeded out the bid’ah accretions and restored the Deen to the original pristine purity as it was left by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and his Sahaabah. They do not introduce new and extraneous practices into the Deen as Ibn Taimiyyah and other deviates have done and will continue to perpetrate.
The unanimous practice of the Salf-e- Saaliheen was always 20 raka’ts. The greatest and most powerful daleel (proof/ evidence) for 20 raka’ts is the Ijma’(Consensus) of the Salf-e-Saaliheen as is substantiated by the many centuries prior to the arrival of Ibn Taimiyyah on the scene. It is haraam for Muslims to look beyond this powerful and glittering Ijma’, and to present spurious and dubious Hadith narrations (full of Idhtiraab, i.e. academically problematic) to scuttle the Ijma’ of the Sahaabah, the Ijma’ of the Aimmah-e- Mujtahideen, the Ijma’ of the Four Math-habs — the Ijma’ of the entire Ummah for centuries before the accretion of Salaf’ism.
Today we find a myriad of ignoramuses who, despite being deficient in knowledge of the masaa-il of Tahaarat and Salaat, believe themselves to be qualified to address this issue in terms of Ahaadith of which they are grossly deficient in understanding An interesting feature in this stupid 8 raka’t saga, is the practice in the two Harams (Makkah and Madinah). Despite the Saudi regime being staunch followers in the Aqeedah (Belief) of the Salafi’i cult which propagates 8 raka’ts, the Saudis, notwithstanding their brutality, have hitherto been unable to displace the 20 raka’ts Taraaweeh in the Haramain Shareefain. They have failed to abolish the 20 raka’t practice which has existed in the two Harams since the age of the Sahaabah. This by itself should also be an eye-opener for the ignoramuses who propagate 8 raka’ts.
Another incongruency of the juhhaal Salafis is their practice of 8 raka’ts for which they lack any proof. Whilst Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) did not perform 8 raka’ts nightly with Jama’t, the stupid Salafis proclaim their 8 raka’t practice to be the Sunnah. All narrations pertaining to 8 raka’ts with reference to Taraaweeh are dismissed on the basis of the following two facts: (1) They refer to Tahajjud Salaat throughout the year, not to Taraaweeh. (2) They are spurious in terms of the principles of the Muhadditheen. Taraaweeh consists of 20 raka’ts Sunnatul Muakkadah with Jamaa’t. Abandonment of this important obligation is a major sin.
Q. Is it permissible to perform less than 20 raka’ts Taraaweeh?
A. Twenty raka’ts Taraaweeh are Sunnatul Muaqqadah. It is not permissible to unnecessarily perform a lesser number of raka’ts.
Q. Is it appropriate for Huffaaz to recite Qur’an at tremendous speeds during Ramadhan?
A. The quality of Hifz of present-day Huffaaz is truly lamentable. Throughout the country where the Huffaaz recite in Taraaweeh, a sad mockery of the Qur’aan and the Taraaweeh takes place. The recitation of the Huffaaz in general is putrid and spiritually nauseating. It is an insult to the sacred institution of Hifz to describe these Ramdhaan ‘huffaaz’ as Haafizul Qur’aan.
During the daytime, despite spending considerable time revising a couple of rukus’ which will be recited in a couple of raka’ts, their recitation is cluttered with errors of a variety of kinds. The speed with which they recite betrays the great deficiency in their ‘hifz’. The speed furthermore makes a massive mockery of the Ibaadat of Salaat.
While there are exceptions to this abominable state of affairs, they are rare. The majority of the so-called ‘huffaaz’ are not true haafizul Qur’aan. When a student would come to visit Hadhrat Masihullah (rahmatullah alayh) and if in response to his query he said that he was a haafiz, Hadhrat would ask: “A Ramdhaani hafiz or a Haafizul Qur’aan?” A “Ramdhaani hafiz” is the kind of chap who is the Imaam in a couple of raka’ts of Taraaweeh and acquits himself in the manner described above. The entire year he remains oblivious of the Qur’aan Majeed. During Ramadhaan he suffers during the daytime swotting the couple of Rukus he is supposed to recite in Taraaweeh. He is not a true Haafiz. On the other hand, a Haafizul Qur’aan, is a Haafiz who has the Qur’aan Majeed inside his heart, in his mind, and on his Tongue and finger tips. He is a true Guard of the Qur’aanic text.
A Haafiz of the Qur’aan should make it his incumbent duty to recite the entire Qur’aan in his daily Sunnat and Nafl Salaat throughout the year. The Sunnat and Nafl Salaaat attached to the Fardh Salaat, Tahajjud, Ishraaq, Dhuha, Tahyatul Wudhu, Tahyatul Musjid, Awwaabeen, etc. offer him ample opportunity to revise and solidify his Hifz every day of the year. But, the so-called huffaaz, rush through their daily Salaat reciting the short Surahs. In addition to this, the Haafiz should recite at least 10 Juz daily. From the 24 hours he has to devote only about 3 and half hours which he could spread over the entire day and night.
If the hafiz does not adopt this or a similar system it is obvious that the Qur’aan Majeed will slip from his memory. Another factor of vital importance is that indulgence in sin and futility adversely affects Hifz. A haafiz who does not inculcate Taqwa will increasingly tend to forget his Hifz. The Qur’aan does not coexist with a heart contaminated with evil. The Qur’aan is pure noor which can coexist only in a heart which glitters with noor.
Q. Please comment on the practice of some Musallis who wait for the Imam to go into ruku’ before joining the Salaat?
A. The MUNAAFIQEEN were the people who proclaimed that they were Muslims while in their hearts they did not believe in Islam. They lived during the era of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Speaking in condemnation of the Munaafiqeen, the Qur’aan Shareef says: “When they (the Munaafiqeen) stand up for Salaat, they stand LAZILY. (They stand for Salaat) merely to show people, and they hardly remember Allah.” They sway in doubt. Neither are they towards these nor towards those. Whomever Allah misguides, never will he find a way (of guidance). (Surah Nisaa’, Verses 142 and 143)
It was the practice of the MUNAAFIQEEN to lazily drag their feet and stroll towards Salaat. In their hearts they detested performing Salaat. But, to show and deceive Muslims, they would come to the Musjid. They always lagged behind and slowly joined the Salaat. Their hearts and desires were never in the Salaat. During the Month of Ramadhaan some persons who come to the Musjid display similar tendencies of NIFAAQ (hypocrisy). When the Taraaweeh Salaat begins, they lounge behind against the wall of the Musjid and do not join the Salaat. They get up slowly even after one raka’t has been performed, dragging their feet and they enter the Salaat as if they have an aversion – a dislike – for Salaat.
Those who do not wish to perform Taraaweeh Salaat are advised not to come to the Musjid. Their conduct of lounging against the Musjid wall at the back and lazily dragging their feet long after the Salaat has started is despicable and haraam. They should not pollute the sanctity of the Musjid with their presence. If you don’t want to join the Taraaweeh Salaat, please stay at home or elsewhere but don’t disturb the peace of others with your unwanted presence and shaitaani antics at the back of the Musjid. The Musjid is Allah’s house erected for his worship, not for satanic acts of those who dislike Salaat.
Q. What should the muqtadi do when the Imaam makes Salaam while he (the Muqtadi) has not yet completed Durood Ibraahim? In many Musjids, it appears that during Taraaweeh, the Imaams/Huffaaz do not recite Durood Ibraaheem or they recite it too fast.
A. It has become an evil trend in most Musjids for the Imaam to make Salaam during Taraaweeh before most of the muqtadis have completed their Durood and Dua. It is not permissible for the Imaams to despoil the Salaat in this manner. Nevertheless the Salaat is valid. The Muqtadis should make Salaam with the Imaam even if they have not completed their Durood.
Q. Can a person who does not fast perform Taraaweeh?
A. Although a person who does not fast without valid reason, is among the worst scoundrels on earth, he should still perform Taraaweeh.
Q. Is it permissible for a nabaaligh (minor) to lead the Taraaweeh Salaat?
A. It is not permissible. The Taraaweeh Salaat led by a nabaaligh is not valid.
Q. Is Taraaweeh Salaat valid behind a na-baaligh (minor)?
A. Taraaweeh is not permissible behind a na-baaligh. The Salaat of an adult behind a na-baaligh is not valid. This is according to the Hanafi Mathhab. According to some other Mathhabs, Taraaweeh is valid behind a nabaaligh who has full understanding. But Hanafis may not follow this ruling.
Q. Some huffaaz who shave their beards, begin to grow beards a short while before Ramadhaan in anticipation of being given the opportunity to lead the Taraaweeh Salaat. But on the Day of Eid they again shave their beards. Is it permissible to perform Taraaweeh behind such huffaaz?
A. It is haraam to allow such vile fussaaq to lead the Salaat. They are like those ‘who sin in front of Allah Ta’ala on the Day of Qiyaamah”.
Q. What should I do if the trustees appoint a faasiq haafiz to lead the Taraaweeh Salaat?
A. Find someone even if it is your wife, sister or daughter, and perform Taraaweeh at home reciting the short Surahs. It is infinitely superior to performing Taraaweeh behind a foul and shameless violater of Allah’s law.
Q. The hafiz who was the Imaam for Taraaweeh has a very skimpy beard. He trims his beard less than a fist-length, and he wears he trousers below his ankles even during Salaat. Is Taraaweeh behind him permissible?
A. It is not permissible to appoint a faasiq to lead any Salaat. This hafiz is a faasiq. Although the Salaat is valid, those who had appointed him are sinners.
Q. The person who has been allowed to lead the Taraaweeh is clean shaven. He wears a T-shirts and a pants hanging right on to the ground. While performing Taraaweeh, he reads from an open copy of the Qur’aan place in front of him. Should I perform Taraaweeh behind him?
A. You should not perform Salaat behind a T-shirt-jeans-wearing beardless scoundrel. Perform Taraaweeh with a friend or two elsewhere if no other Musjid is available. Furthermore, the Salaat performed while the lout was reading from a copy of the Qur’aan, is not valid. All such Salaat has to be repeated. You should make qadha of all the Salaat you have performed behind the modernist hooligan. Even if you cannot find anyone to join you, perform at home with your family.
Q. The only Haafiz available to us cuts his beard. Is it permissible to have him as the Imaam for Taraaweeh Salaat?
A. It is haraam to appoint this faasiq to be the Imaam for Taraaweeh or any other Salaat. If a pious Haafiz is not available, recite from Surah Feel. A Taraaweeh with the short Surahs is infinitely superior to the Salaat performed by the faasiq ‘haafiz’ who insults the Qur’aan Majeed with his act of fisq. Those who appoint the faasiq join the transgressor in his sin. They are equal in the sin.
Q. Many Huffaaz cut and shave their beards. During Sha’baan they start growing their beards in anticipation of leading Taraaweeh. After Ramadhaan they revert to cutting and shaving their beards. Is it permissible to allow such huffaaz to lead the Taraaweeh?
A. It is haraam to allow such fussaaq who dishonour the Shariah to lead the Salaat— any Salaat. They make a mockery of the Deen. Their craving for being Imaam in Taraaweeh is also a strong reason for debarring them. If a pious Haafiz is not available, it is infinitely superior to recite the short Surahs.
Q. In Taraaweeh Salaat most Imaams do not recite Durood and Dua in Qa’dah. They terminate the Salaat after only Tasahhud. Is this valid?
A. It is baatil and sinful. It is gross carelessness to omit Durood and Dua in Qa’dah Akeerah. It is not permissible to do so. Abandonment of the Sunnats is abominable and sinful.
Q. The Imaam who is a Shaafi’ does not recite Durood after Tashahhud in Taraaweeh Salaat. He ends the Salaat after Tashahhud. What is the status of the Salaat of the Hanafis behind him? Most of the muqtadis are Hanafis.
A. The principle of the Hanafi and Shaafi’ Math-habs regarding the validity or invalidity of Salaat, is that the Math-hab of the Muqtadi will be the determinant. If according to the Mathhab of the Muqtadi, the Salaat is valid, then the Salaat of the Muqtadi is valid even if the Imaam’s Salaat is not valid in terms of his (the Imaam’s) Mathhab. In the case mentioned by you, the Salaat is valid according to the Hanafi Mathab, hence the Salaat of the Hanafis is valid. However, the Salaat of the Shaafis following this careless Shaafi’ Imaam will not be valid because Durood in Qa’dah Akheerah (the Last Sitting) is among the Arkaan (Fundamentals) according to the Shaafi’ Math-hab.
Q. Some people miss Taraaweeh because of tiredness. They reach home from work only after Maghrib.
A. Those who miss Taraaweeh are guilty of a major sin. Their argument of ‘tiredness’ is not valid. They have no option but to perform Taraaweeh.
Q. What is the mas’alah regarding different Imaams leading the Taraaweeh on the same night?
A. It is improper to change imaams during Taraaweeh after 6, 10, 14, and 18 raka’ts. The change should take place after a Tarweehah (after four or eight or twelve or sixteen raka’ts).
Q. Is it permissible after the completion of the Qur'aan in Taraaweeh for the Imaam to: 1. Delay Witr with Jamaat in the waiting? 2. Thank the builders of the Musjid, the musallees for attending the Taraaweeh, and for completion of the Qur'aan in Taraaweeh? 3. Get the Imaam's Ustaadh from India to give the congregation a 5 minute talk? 4. Hand out ice cream to all in the Musjid?
A. It is not permissible to unnecessarily delay the Witr after completion of the Taraaweeh. If the Imaam has to renew his wudhu, then this much delay waiting for him is tolerable. But the delay caused by all the stupid antics of pride and show mentioned by you is not at all permissible. It is not permissible to delay the Witr after the Taraaweeh for thanking the builders and the musallis, for a 5 minute talk and for doling out ice creams to the musallis. All these acts are haraam.
The musallis should object, get up and perform their Witr in Jamaat by appointing any one else to lead the jamaat. The Musjid is not the venue for merrymaking. It is not permissible to convert the Musjid into a picnic spot. It is despicable to serve ice cream in the Musjid after the Taraaweeh and before the Witr in particular. In general it is not permissible to eat in the Musjid. Only the Mu’takifeen are allowed to eat, but not to make merry.
The Ibaadat of Taraaweeh and Tilaawat of the Qur’aan are for the Pleasure of Allah Ta’ala. The silly thanks of the imaam reeks of riya and cheap name-seeking. The builders were paid money for the job they had done at the Musjid. What thanks was there to offer them in the Musjid at the t ime of Taraaweeh and Tilaawat of the Qur’aan? If the builders had constructed the Musjid free – without any cost – their thanks is by Allah Ta’ala.
An occasion of ibaadat may not be transformed into a private session of riya and futility. There is absolutely no relationship between the builders work and the Taraaweeh. The miscreant imaam had chosen the Musjid, the Salaat and the Qur’aan for his nafsaani and mundane objectives thereby fulfilling the following prophesy of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam): “The world will be pursued with deeds of the Aakhirah.”
Q. A disturbing fact for many musallis is the Dua time on the 27th Night of Ramadhaan. The Dua is rather very long after completion of the Taraaweeh Salaat. It is made before the Witr, grounding the musallis and compelling them to participate against their will. Some people are unable to maintain their Wudhu for too long and prefer that the Dua should be after the Witr. For this reason we see some people rush out immediately after the Dua to make Wudhu. But in this process they miss Witr or a raka’t or two because usually the recitations in Witr are very brief. Is it really necessary according to the Shariah to engage in such lengthy Duas immediately after Taraaweeh but before Witr? Can it not be made after the Witr?
A. The Dua may be made after Witr. There is no Shar’i incumbency to make the Dua before the Witr nor is there a need for a marathon public congregational dua brimming with ostentation as is the norm nowadays. The imposition on the musallis is deprecating. Such long duas which are publicly flaunted should be made by the Imaam when he is alone. It is not permissible to cause distress to others. A Sahaabi had even complained to Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) about the Imaam who was reciting excessively long Qiraa’t in Salaat. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) had reprimanded the Imaam for this act. The musallis who are desirous of making Wudhu should not sit for the dua. They should leave, make Wudhu and ensure that they are in time for the Witr Jamaat. The reason why the Imaam will not make dua, especially a marathon dua, after Witr, is that he will find himself with just a handful of people. Most people will depart. Congregational marathon Dua, marathon Jumuah Khutbah followed by short Salaat as is the style nowadays are signs of paucity of Aql (Intelligence). Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “A short khutbah and a long Salaat are of the intelligence of a man.”
Q. After the Taraaweeh and before the Witr, the imaam got up and instructed the musallis to say loud 'Aameen' when he makes dua. Is this appropriate?
A. The Imaam who instructs musallis to say Aameen loudly to his duas is a deviate. He is a bid’ati. It is haraam to obey such deviation.
Q. Is loud congregational dua after the Taraweeh Salaat Sunnah?
A. Loud congregational dua after Taraaweeh is bid’ah. It has no origin in the Sunnah. It is not permissible to participate in acts of bid’ah.
Q. A recent episode at our Musjid has made many brothers upset and disgruntled. Last Friday after Jumuah Salaat our imaam made a speech about the 27th Night of Ramadhaan when the Qur'aan will be completed in our Musjid. He added that we should bring our cheque books with us because there will be a fund-raiser for the extension of our Musjid. Last night, the 27th, after the completion of the Taraaweeh and before the Dua and Witr Salaat, a fund-raiser was started. Musallis were asked to pledge money towards the building of the new extension. On such an auspicious Night when we are supposed to engage in ibaadat and seek Allah's guidance, the imaam was preoccupied with money-matter to the extent that he interrupted the normal Sunnat practice of the Dua and Witr. What is your comment on this sad state of affairs?
A. Brother, the predictions made by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) must necessarily materialize. One such manifestation is what you have witnessed with the deviate imaam calling on the production of cheque books on the auspicious Night of the 27th when people are supposed to concentrate on pure ibaadat. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said that among the Signs of Qiyaamah is that “The dunya will be pursued with the amal of the Aakhirah.” This is exactly what the errant imaam had done. He was utilizing the ibaadat of the 27th Night (which is an amal of the Aakhirah) as a fund-raising stunt for the acquisition of the dunya (money). It was incumbent on the musallis not to have contributed one cent in response to the baatil call of the Imaam. He polluted the sanctity of the Musjid and the Holy Night with his haraam call, and those who supported and answered his baatil call did likewise. Voicing his fears regarding such miscreant imaams, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: ‘Verily, I fear for my Ummah the misleading imaams (Al-Aimma Mudhilleen).’
Q. A new trend has started in some Musjids. After the Taraaweeh Namaaz, before beginning the Witr, a brief bayaan (reading a Hadith) takes place.
A. Reading Hadith or giving bayaan after Taraaweeh, before the Witr Jamaat is improper. They have started a new bid’ah. It is not permissible. The bayaan may be given after the musallis have completed their two raka’ts Nafl of Isha’.
Q. The Imaam of our Musjid has recently introduced the loud recitation of the third Kalimah after every four raka’ts of Taraaweeh. Is this correct?
A. This is bid’ah. After every four raka’ts is a pause called Tarweehah. During this pause there should be silence. Everyone should engage in thikr, etc. silently.
Q. Video cameras are installed in the Musjid where I attend for Taraaweeh. Everything is being videoed. What should one do about Salaat in such a Musjid?
A. The video in the Musjid is haraam. Go for the Fardh Salaat only. Perform Taraaweeh, Sunnat and Nafl Salaat at home if there is no other Musjid devoid of haraam available.
Q. I am a Haafiz. May I perform 20 raka’ts at home. I do not get the opportunity to perform 20 raka’ts in the Musjid.
A. Taraaweeh should be performed with Jamaa’t if this is possible. If a Haafiz wishes to perform 20 raka’ts at home, then he should ask at least one or two others to join him. If there are no males, then he should perform Jamaa’t with his wife and children. But the Isha’ Fardh should be performed at the Musjid. If he is unable to find anyone to join him, he may perform 20 raka’ats alone at home.
Q. When qadha fasts of Ramadhaan are made, should Taraaweeh also be performed?
A. Qadha of Taraaweeh is not made. When making qadha of missed fasts, there is no Qadha of Taraaweeh Salaat with it.
Q. Should qadha of Taraaweeh be made if one has abstained?
A. There is no Qadha for Taraaweeh. One should make taubah.
Q. Is it necessary to complete the Qur’aan Shareef during Taraaweeh on the 27th Night?
A. In many places it is considered almost compulsory to complete the Qur’aan Majeed in Taraaweeh on the 27th night. This is incorrect. Furthermore, after the completion of the Qur’aan Majeed some people have the notion that Taraaweeh is no longer so important on the following nights. The khatam could be on any Night of Ramadhaan.
Q. Is it necessary to make khatam of the Qur’aan Shareef on the 27th night of Ramadhaan in Taraaweeh?
A. Khatam of the Qur’aan should nowadays not be on the 27th night because it has become a bid’ah. People believe that it is incumbent to make khatam on the 27th. Khatam could be made on any night.
Q. Should Hanafis follow the Imaams in Makkah and Madinah in the Witr Salaat?
A. Even in the Haram of Makkah and Madinah, Hanafis have to perform Witr separately. Their Witr will not be valid there behind the Imaams who do not perform Witr in accordance with the Hanafi Math-hab.
Q. What should Hanafis do when the Hanafi Imaam in order to appease the Shaafi musallis and maintain unity leads the Witr Jamaat during Ramadhaan in accordance with the Shaafi Math-hab?
A. The Witr of the Hanafis is not valid by following the misguided imam. Performing one raka’t separately is not valid in terms of the Hanafi Math-hab. Furthermore, Witr is Sunnat for the Shaafis and Waajib for Hanafis. Thus, the Waajib Salaat is not valid behind an imam who performs Sunnat Salaat. The argument of ‘unity’ is a figment of the imam’s nafs. Hanafis should perform their Witr separately. They should not join the jamaat led by the errant imam. At the same time, it is necessary to avoid involvement in fitnah which the deviate imam is sure to churn up if the Hanafis perform their own Witr Jamaat in the Musjid. After Taraaweeh, the Hanafis should leave the Musjid and organize their own Jamaat elsewhere so that the foolish imam is not afforded an occasion to initiate fitnah in the Musjid.
Q. How should a Hanafi perform Witr in the Haramain in Makkah and Madinah where the Imaams perform two raka’ts and one raka’t separately?
A. There is no problem performing your own Witr in the Haram during Ramadhaan. After the Taraaweeh, move to the back or wherever space is available and perform your Witr alone. There is no problem in doing so. There is so much movement during Taraaweeh from the very beginning, that no one is bothered with what the next person is doing. You will notice that from after four raka’ts Taraaweeh people begin leaving. There is constant movement of people in front of the saffs throughout the duration of the Taraaweeh.
Q. A Maulana says that Hanafis should perform Witr behind a Shaafi’ Imaam. He explained that when the Shaafi’ Imaam terminates the Salaat with Salaam after two raka’ts, the Hanafi Muqtadis should not follow him. They should get up and perform one raka’t and end the Salaat after the third raka’t. Is this procedure correct?
A. This procedure is incorrect. The Salaat of the Hanafis will not be valid in this manner. The Shaafi’ Imaam makes niyyat of Sunnat which is in the category of Nafl, and also performs only two raka’ts while the Witr is Waajib for Hanafis and consists of three raka’ts. Therefore the Witr of the Hanafis will not be valid by the method explained by the Maulana Sahib. Hanafis who had performed Witr in this way should make qadha of their Witr. Reciting Dua Qunoot before Ruku’ is also Waajib for Hanafis while Shaafis recite it after Ruku’.
Q. In Taraaweeh Salaat after the first 2 raka’ts (i.e. of every set of 4 raka’ts), the musallis get up before the Imaam. What is the ruling on this?
A. After two raka’ts Taraaweeh there is no Sunnat act of ibaadat other than to immediately commence the next two raka’ts. It is permissible for the musallis to get up even before the Imaam. Immediately after the Salaam, the muqtadis should rise. There is no incumbency to wait until the Imaam has stood up.
Q. Last year during the Taraaweeh Salaat announcements were made in our Musaajid regarding Sajdah Tilaawat in the 23rd Juz. Since the Sajdah at this juncture is a Sajdah Shukr for Shaafis, they were advised to remain standing while Hanafis make the Sajdah which is Waajib for them. Please comment on this issue.
A. According to the Shaafi Math-hab, the Sajdah in Surah Swaad in the 23rd Juz, is Sajdah Shukr. It is not permissible for Shaafis to make Sajdah of Shukr in Salaat. If they do make such a Sajdah, their Salaat becomes baatil. In view of this categorical ruling of the Shaafi Math-hab, Shaafis have to remain standing while the Hanafis make the Sajdah.
Q. In Taraaweeh Salaat after every four raka’ts there is a short recess. Again the musallis get up before the Imaam. What is the ruling on this?
A. The ‘short recess’ after every four raka’ts Taraaweeh is called Tarweehah. This Pause should endure until the Imaam rises to continue the Salaat. The musallis should not get up before the Imaam. They should silently continue their thikr until the Imaam rises for the Salaat.
Q. What should a prisoner who is a l one in the pod do about Taraaweeh? Is he allowed to perform Taraaweeh Salaat alone?
A. Even the lone prisoner in the pod has to perform 20 raka’ts Taraaweeh. It remains compulsory for him.
Q. What is the status of Taraaweeh Salaat if the Imaam has to move around the microphone before going into Ruku’ and also to avoid it when he rises into Qiyaam?
A. This action of the Imaam is excessive. It breaks and invalidates the Salaat. It also totally ruins the spirit which the musallis should have in Salaat. Instead of the Imaam’s mind focussing on the Salaat, it is constantly preoccupied with the microphone.
Q. The Haafiz who normally leads the Taraaweeh, arrived late and missed Isha’ Jamaat. He performed Isha Fardh alone, then became the Imaam for Taraaweeh. What is the Shariah’s ruling?
A. It was not permissible for this Haafiz to have led the Taraaweeh Salaat notwithstanding the validity of the Taraaweeh behind him. His act of leading the Taraaweeh was Makrooh Tahrimi.
Q. A Haafiz is unable to walk or stand. He comes to the Musjid on a wheelchair. He crawls to the musalli and leads the Taraaweeh Salaat sitting on the ground. Is the Salaat valid?
A. If the Hafiz is able to make a proper Sajdah, then Salaat will be valid behind him in his sitting position,
Q. I arrived late at the Musjid. The Isha’ Jamaat was over. I performed Isha alone, then joined the Taraaweeh Jamaat. Is my Taraaweeh valid? When one misses a few raka’ts of Taraaweeh, when should the missed raka’ts be performed?
A. Your Taraaweeh is valid. The missed raka’ts should be performed after the Witr.
Q. Here in Ghana, the Imaam during Taraaweeh looks inside the Qur’aan Shareef. I am a Hanafi. Is my Salaat valid?
A. According to the Hanafi Math-hab the Salaat will not be valid if the Imaam recites looking in the Qur’aan Shareef. In the circumstances, if there is no other Musjid, perform Taraweeh at home.
Q. Is the practice known as Shabeenah permissible?
A. Shabeenah which we understand is the practice of performing Nafl Salaat with Jamaat during Ramadhaan after Taraaweeh is bid’ah and not permissible.
Q. Is it Sunnatul Muakkadah for women also to perform 20 raka’ts Taraaweeh?
A. Yes, it is Sunnatul Muakkadah for women to perform 20 raka’ts Taraaweeh.
Q. Is Taraaweeh Salaat Fardh or Sunnat for females?
Taraaweeh Salaat is Sunnatul Muakkdah (almost like Waajib) for both males and females.
Q. Is it permissible for females to perform Taraaweeh in sets of four raka’ts?
A. It is permissible for females to perform Taraaweeh in 2 raka’t or 4 raka’t batches.
Q. In terms of the Maaliki Mathhab, is Taraaweeh Salaat of the wife valid behind her husband?
A. According to the Hanafi Math-hab, if females are performing Taraaweeh or any Fardh Salaat behind the Imaam, it is necessary for him to make niyyat of being their Imaam. If he does not make this niyyat, the Salaat of the females behind him will not be valid. The same applies according to the Maaliki Math-hab. The husband who is the Imaam should make niyyat of imamate.
Q. Is it permissible for women to go to the Musjid for Taraaweeh Salaat?
A. It is not permissible. Women should perform Taraaweeh at home individually, not in Jamaa’t.
Q. Is it permissible for a husband to prevent his wife from going to the Musjid for Taraaweeh?
A. Yes, it is incumbent for him to prevent her from going to the Musjid. It is not permissible for a woman to perform Taraaweeh or any other Namaaz at the Musjid. She has to perform at home. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said that the best Salaat of a woman is her Salaat performed in the remotest corner of her home.
Q. This year in Zimbabwe, Ulama connected with Madinah University have organized Taraaweeh Salaat for ladies in a secular school hall. We know that this is wrong. But the Ulama here who are aware of this fitnah are all silent. Please comment.
A. Those connected to Madina University are Salafis, hence they are propagating the Saudi brand of liberalism. It is not permissible for the ladies to perform Taraaweeh in the school hall. It is Waajib for women to perform Taraaweeh individually at home, not in any public venue. The fitnah of modernist Salafi’ism exported by Saudi Arabia via its Madinah University products is plaguing the Ummah in many countries. Such Salafis masquerading as Hanafis are embedded in Zimbabwe and also in South Africa.
All over there is a universal disease among the Ulama of this age. They maintain silence when they see baatil and bid’ah. They come fully within the purview of the following Hadi th of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam): “The one who is silent regarding the Haqq is a dumb shaitaan.” Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) did not compare the silent suppresser of the Haqq to a ‘Dumb Devil’. He said that such a silent person is in fact a “Dumb Shaitaan”. He is a shaitaan in human form.
The condition of the Ulama is lamentable in this age. They are silent when they see the Shariah being distorted and mutilated. They are guilty of concealing the Haqq. Are they awaiting the Athaab of Allah Ta’ala mentioned in the following Qur’aanic aayat: “Beware of such a fitnah (punishment) which will not overtake only the transgressors among you.” All the halqah thikrs, seerah jalsahs, na’t and nazam functions and outward displays of piety will be of no avail when Allah’s Athaab strikes as a consequence of having abandoned Amr Bil Ma’roof Nahyi Anil Munkar.
Q. Women perform Taraweeh in the basement of a Musjid. They follow the Imaam via the loudspeaker. What should they do when the loudspeaker system sometimes fail? There prevails confusion at such times. What is the status of their Salaat when they can’t hear anything nor are they aware of the movements of the Imaam?
A. Such confusion is an extremely mild form of punishment for the aunts and grannies who commit the haraam act of leaving the holy precincts of their homes to be with strange men in a public venue. It is Waajib for them to perform Salaat – all Salaat – in their homes, not in the Musaajid. It is not permissible for them to congregate in the Musjids for any Salaat. As for the status of their broken-down Salaat which collapses with the collapse of the haraam loudspeaker, ask those molvi/sheikh characters who encourage the females to violate the Qur’aanic prohibition and emerge into the streets. It is not our obligation to proffer the answer for aunts and grannies who deliberately choose to disobey the Shariah.
Q. A Mufti in America says that due to lack of trust on their womenfolk and due to safety concerns, women should be allowed to attend the Musjid for Taraaweeh. It is neither safe nor advisable for the men to leave their wives alone at home for the long period it takes at the Musjid for Taraaweeh.
A.If the menfolk have no trust in their wives, and if they have so much fear for their safety and chastity in America, then tell them (the males) to perform Taraaweeh at home, not in the Musjid. Tell these men to also remain in Purdah with their wives and perform Taraaweeh at home. Also advise them not to spend 8 hours a day at their shops and work-places because these are ideal times of considerable length for their wives to commit zina and for people to attack them. Tell them never to leave their wives alone at home for any length of time because all of their wives according to American men, are zaaniyah (adulteresses). It does not matter whose view it is.
The mufti sahib who issued this ridiculous fatwa is extremely shortsighted. This type of fatwa can be applied to a wide range of issues which will culminate in the mutilation of the Shariah. With their liberal and baseless fatwas they will emaciate the Shariah of Islam in the way that the Yahood and the Nasaara have emaciated and annihilated the Shariats of Nabi Musa (alayhis salaam) and Nabi Isa (alayhis salaam). Do you see any semblance of the Shariats of the previous Ambiya among their people? But you will see the whole, pure Shariah of Muhammadur Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) intact because of ‘fanatics’ such as us sinful servants who have been appointed to guard this Divine Shariah and to ensure that it remains in its pure state until the Day of Qiyaamah.
Q. In Makkah should a musaafir perform Tawaaf or join the Taraaweeh Salaat?
A. In Makkah, the Musaafir must join the Taraaweeh Salaat. He should not perform Tawaaf thereby abandoning Taraaweeh.
Q. The Imaam mistakenly went into Ruku’ in Witr Salaat after Taraaweeh. Then he came back up. Is Sajdah Sahw necessary?
A. If the Imaam had forgotten to recite Dua Qunoot, then it was improper for him to reverse back into Qiyaam. Sajdah Sahw is Waajib in both instances, whether he came back to the Qiyaam position or not.
Q. The Imaam forgot to sit in the second raka’t of Taraaweeh. He continued and completed four raka’ts, and made Sajdah Sahw. Is the Taraaweeh valid?
A. No, the Taraaweeh is not valid. The Qa’dah (Sitting) after the second raka’t is Fardh which the Imaam Saheb deleted, hence all four raka’ts are Nafl. He should have repeated two raka’ts Taraaweeh in this case. Furthermore, the Qiraa’t which he had recited in the four raka’ts Nafl should be repeated otherwise the Qur’aan Khatam in Taraaweeh will remain incomplete.
Q. What is the meaning of Qiyaam al lail. During I'tikaaf I noticed a few persons performing Salaat in Jamaa't about two hours after Taraaweeh. The Imaam recited Surah Yaaseen and some other Surahs. Please comment.
A. Qiyaamul Lail refers to Tahajjud Salaat. Literally it means to stand in Salaat during the night time. According to the Hanafi Math-hab, performing Nafl Salaat in jamaa’t is not permissible. This practice after Taraaweeh prevails in many places. It is bid’ah.
Q. Is it permissible to give a gift of money to a Haafiz who had performed the Taraaweeh Salaat? The gift will be given to him in privacy after the Qur’aan has been completed on the 27th Night?
A. It is not permissible. This is a bid’ah. Besides it being a bid’ah, it is also trading of the Qur’aan for a miserable price. If the Haafiz Saheb did not recite the Qur’aan, no one would have given him a gift. The gift of money is to compensate him for his Qur’aan recitation, and this is not permissible.
Q. Is it necessary for a haafiz to be present in the jamaat when the Imaam is a haafiz who is performing Taraaweeh for the first time?
A. It is necessary to have a haafiz or huffaaz in the jamaat whether the Imaam is a haafiz who is performing the first time or the 20th time. However, necessity here does not mean that the Taraaweeh will not be valid if there is no haafiz in the jamaat.