Narrational Evidence Part One

Although the Hanafi Math-hab has also rational evidence for its view regarding Rafa’ Yadain, this booklet discusses only the Naqli (narrational) evidence on which is based the Hanafi practice of abstention from Rafa’ Yadain. The primary basis of all acts of Ibaadat is narrational evidence, not rational proofs. Rational proof is simply adduced as additional substantiation to strengthen an argument.

AHAADITH OF SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH
(
Sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa Sallam) 

Proof 1

Uthmaan Bin Abi Shaibah – Wakee’ – Sufyaan – Aasim (Ibn Kulaib) – Abdur Rahmaan Bin Aswad – Alqamah said:

Abdullah Bin Mas’ood (radhiyallahu anhu) said:
“Should I not perform with you the Salaat of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam)?”

Alqamah said:
“Then he (Ibn Mas’ood) performed Salaat and he did not raise his hands except once.”

(Abu Dawood)

Proof 2

Hasan Bin Ali – Muaawiyah – Khaalid Bin Amr Bin Saeed – Abu Huzaifah. They said Sufyaan narrated to us with this same isnaad (as mentioned in No. I above). He said:

He (Ibn Mas’ood) raised his hands in the beginning once. Some narrators said: “one time”

(Abu Dawood)

Proof 3

Hannaad – Wakee’ – Sufyaan – Aasim bin Kulaib -Abdur Rahmaan bin Al Aswad – Alqamah who said: Abdullah Bin Mas’ood (radhiyallahu anhu) said:

“Should I not perform with you the Salaat of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam)?”

He (Ibn Mas’ood) then performed Salaat and he did not raise his hands except in the beginning once.

Tirmidhi added also that in this regard there is also the narration of Baraa’ Bin Aazib (radhiyallahu anhu): Tirmithi said:

“The Hadith of Ibn Mas’ood is Hasan.”

*This is also the view of many of the Ulama among the Sahaabah of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam) and the Taabieen. This is also the view of Sufyaan and the Ahl-e-Kufa (i.e. the Ulama of Kufa) i.e. The view of Ibn Mas’ood (radhiallahu anhu).

Proof 4

Mahmud Bin Ghailaan al-Marwazi – Wakee’ – Sufyaan – Aasim Bin Kulaib – Abdur Rahmaan Bin al-Aswad – Alqamah – Abdullah (Bin Mas’ood): Verily he said:

“Should I not perform with you the Salaat of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam)?”

He then performed Salaat and he did not raise his hands except once.

(Nasaai)

Proof 5

Wakee’ – Sufyaan – Aasim Bin Kulaib – Abdur Rahmaan Bin al-Aswad Alqamah said: Ibn Mas’ood (radhiyallahu anhu) said:

“Should I not perform for you the Salaat of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam)?”

He then performed Salaat and he did not raise his hands except once.

(Ahmad in his Musnad)

Proof 6

Suwaid Bin Nasr – Abdullah Bin al-Mubaarak – Sufyaan – Aasim Bin Kulaib – Abdur Rahmaan Bin al-Aswad – Alqamah – Abdullah (Bin Mas’ood radhiyallahu anhu) said:

“Should I not apprise you of the Salaat of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam)?”

Alqamah said: He (Ibn Mas’ood) then stood up and firstly raised his hands. Thereafter he never repeated it.

(Nasaai)

Proof 7

Wakee’ – Sufyaan – Aasim Bin Kulaib – Abdur Rahmaan Bin al-Aswad Alqamah – Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood (radhiyallahu anhu) said:

“Should I not show you the Salaat of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam)?”

He then (performed Salaat) and did not raise his hands except once.

(Abu Bakr Bin Abi Shaibah in his Musannaf)

Proof 8

Abu Uthmaan Saeed Bin Muhammad Bin Ahmad al-Hannaat and Abdul Wahhaab Bin Isaa Bin Abi Hayyah- (both from) – Ishaaq Bin Abi Israaeel Muhammad Bin Jaabir – Hammaad – Ibraaheem – Alqamah – Abdullah (Ibn Mas’ood – radhiyallahu anhu) said:

“I performed Salaat with Nabi (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam), with Abu Bakr and Umar (radhiyallahu anhuma). They did not raise their hands except at the time of the first Takbeer in the opening of the Salaat.”

(Daara Qutni)

Ibn Adi has also narrated the above Hadith with his sanad.

Proof 9

Ibn Abi Dawood – Nu’aim Bin Hamma.ad – Wakee’ – Sufyaan – Aasim Bin Kulaib – Abdur Rahmaan Bin al-Aswad – Alqamah – Abdullah (Ibn Mas’ood – radtfiyallahu anhu) narrated that Nabi (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam) would raise his hands in the first Takbeer. Then he would not do so again.

(Tahaawi – Sharhi Ma-aanil Aathaar)

Proof 10

Muhammad Bin Nu’maan – Yahya Bin Yahya – Wakee’ – Sufyaan narrated the same text (as above in No. 9) with the same isnaad.

(Tahaawi – Sharhi Ma-aanil Aathaar)

Proof 11

Abu Bakrah – Muammal – Sufyaan narrating from Mugheerah said:

“I narrated the Hadith of Waa-il to Ibraaheem, that he (Waa-il) saw Nabi (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam) raise his hands when he commenced Salaat, when he made ruku’ and when he lifted his head from ruku’.

Ibraaheem said:
‘If it is so that Waa-il saw him doing so once, then (remember that) Abdullah (Ibn Mas’ood) saw him (Rasulullah – Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam) fifty times not doing this.'”

(Tahaawi – Sharhi Ma-aanil Aathaar)

Proof 12

Ahmad Bin Abi Dawood – Musaddid – Khaalid Bin AbdUllah – Husain Amr Bin Murrah who said:

“I entered the Musjid of Hadhra Maut and saw Atqamah Bin Waa-il narrating from his father that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam) would raise his hands before ruku’ and after ruku’. I narrated this to Ibraaheem who became angry and said:

‘Waa-il (radhiyallahu anhu) saw him. Ibn Mas’ood (radhiyallahu anhu) and his companions did not see him (Rasulullah – doing so)?'”

(Tahaawi – Ma-aanil Aathaar)

Proof 13

The companions of Abu Hanifah said:

Abu Hanifah said that Haremmad narrated from lbraaheem who narrated from Alqamah and AI-Aswad from Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood (radhiyallahu anhu):

“Verily Nabi (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam) would not raise his hands except at the time of commencing Salaat, then he did not at all repeat it.”

(The As-haab of the Masaaneed of Imam Abu Hanifah)

[Authenticity of proofs]

Many other Muhadditheen have similarly narrated in their treatises, compilations and books.

Some of the asaaneed (chains of narration) of the Hadith of lbn Mas’ood (radhiyallahu anhu) are jayyid (excellent) in terms of the conditions laid down by Imaam Bukhaari and Imaam Muslim.

Some of these amaneed are Hasan. It is valid to cite a Hasan Hadith as proof. On the basis of some of the asaaneed of the Hadith of lbn Mas’ood (radhiyallahu anhu), Hafiz Ibn Hazm, Daara Qutni, Ibnul Qattaan and others have declared the Hadith (of Ibn Mas’ood) to be Saheeh (authentic). Hafiz Ibn Hajr concurs with this verdict in his Talkhees on the Takhreej of Zaila-ee on Hidaayah.

In a Saheeh Sanad of this Hadith in the Masnad of Abu Bakr Bin Abi Shaibah are five narrators besides Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood (radhiyallahu anhu), viz. Wakee’, Sufyaan, Aasim Bin Kulaib, Abdur Rahmaan Bin al-Aswad and Alqamah. The following are the comments of the authorities of Hadith on the status of these five narrators:

1) Wakee’ 

Hafiz Ibn Hair says in Tahzeebut Tahzeeb: “Wakee’ Bin al-Jarraah Bin Maleeh, is the Kufi narrator. He is known as Abu Sufyaan. He narrated from his father and from Ismaaeel Bin Khaalid, Aiman Bin Waa-il, Ibn Hattn and from numerous others. His sons, Sufyaan, Malee’ and Uyainah narrated from him. His Shaikh was Sufyaan Thauri, the two sons of Abi Shaibah, Abu Haithamah and Humaidi.

Abdullah Bin Ahmad Bin Hambal narrating from his father said:
“I have not seen a greater man of knowledge and a man with a greater memory than Wakee’.”

Ahmad Bin Sahl Bin Bahr narrating from Imaam Ahmad said:
“Wakee’ was the Imaam of the Muslimeen in his time.”

Ibn Ma’een said:
“I have not seen a better person than Wakee’.”

According to Mulla Ali Qaari, Wakee’ was among the highest ranking narrators of Bukhaari. He was of the Tab-e-Taabieen era. Imaam Abroad said that he preferred Wakee’ to Yahya Bin Saeed. He classified Wakee’ as a great and uprighteous Muhaddith. All the narrators of the Sihaah Sittah narrate from Wakee’.

2) Sufyaan Bin Saeed Bin Masrooq Thauri Kufi 

According to Mulla Ali Qaari in his Tazkirah, Sufyaan was the Imaam of the Muslimeen and a Proof of Allah. His excellences are innumerable. In his time he was an expert in Fiqh, Ijtihaad in Fiqh, Hadith and other branches of knowledge. His piety and authority are accepted by all the authorities of Islam. He too was among the Tab-e-Taabieen.

Abu Aasim said: “Sufyaan is the Ameerul Mu’mineen in Hadith.” Numerous illustrious Ulama and Muhadditheen pay glowing tribute to the sterling qualities of Sufyaan.

All the narrators of the Sihaah Sittah narrate from Sufyaan.

3) Aasim Bin Kulaib 

Mulla Ali Qaari states with regard to Aasim:

“He is Sadooq (extremely truthful), Thiqah (an authoritative and authentic narrator).”

Yahya Bin Ma-een and Nasaai testified to his authenticity and authority in Hadith. Ibnul Qattaan al-Maghribi and Ibn Ham are renowned in Hadith circles. They are extremely severe in assessing narrators. Both have testified to the authenticity of Aasim BinKulaib. Muslim, Abu Dawood, Nasaai, Ibn Majah and Tirmithi narrated his ahaadith.

4) Abdur Rahmaan Bin al-Aswad 

Mullah Ali al-Qaari says in his Tazkirah that Abdur Rahmaan is among the noblest Taa-bieen. His daily practice was 700 raka’ts Nafl Salaat. He would perform Ishaa and Fajr Salaat with one wudhu. He was an embodiment of Ibaadat.

In Tahzeebut Tahzeeb , Hafiz says:

“Abdur Rahmaan Bin al-Aswad heard Ahaadith from his paternal uncle, Alqamah Bin Qais. Aasim Bin Kulaib and others narrate from Abdur Rahmaan al-Aswad. Ibn Ma’een, Nasaai, Ajal, Ibn Kharraash and Ibn Hibbaan declared him a Thiqah (reliable and authentic narrator). The authors of Sihah Sittah narrated from him.”

5) Alqamah Bin Qais 

According to Mulla Ali Qaari in Tazkirah, Alqamah was a senior Taabiee. He narrated Ahaadith from Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood and other Sahaabah (radhiyallahu anhum). There is consensus of the Ulama on his greatness. Ibraaheem Nakha’i said:

“Alqamah resembled Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood (radhiyallahu anhu).”

Besides Ibn Majah all the other Muhadditheen narrate his ahaadith. He is of the second generation Muhadditheen.

The integrity and authority of these five illustrious narrators are unimpeachable. Thus, the sanad of the Hadith in Musnad of Abu Bakr Bin Abi Shaibah is Saheeh on the basis of the conditions of Bukhaari and Muslim. Similarly, the Sanad of Abu Dawood is Saheeh on the basis of the conditions of Bukhaari and Muslim. In the Sanad of Abu Dawood appears an extra narrator, viz. Uthmaan Bin Abi Shaibah from whom all the compilers of Sihah Sittala narrate, besides Tirmithi.

The Sanad of the Hadith of Tirmithi is Saheeh on the basis of Muslim’s conditions.

The sanad of Nasaai too is Saheeh in terms of the conditions of Bukhaari and Muslim because in this Sanad only Mahmud Bin Ghailaan has been added to Ibn Abi Shaibah. Besides Abu Dawood the other compilers of the Sihah Sittah narrated ahaadith from him (Mahmud Bin Ghailaan).

Similarly the sanad of Imaam Abu Hanifah regarding the Hadith of Ibn Mas’ood (radhiyallahu anhu) is Saheeh because all the narrators besides Hammaad Bin Abi Sulaimaan are reliable (thiqah) in terms of the conditions of Bukhaari and Muslim. Besides Bukhaari, Muslim and other Muhadditheen narrate from Hammaad Bin Abi Sulaimaan. Thus, his sanad is Saheeh in terms of Muslim.

The Hadith of Baraa’ Bin Aazib (radhiyallahu anhu) also confirms that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam) raised his hands only once at the time of Takbeer Tahreemah. His Hadith is narrated by Abdur Razzaaq, Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Ibn Abi Shaibah, Tahaawi, Daara Qutni and others.