ALLAH TA’ALA says in the Qur’aan Majeed:
“Verily, We have afflicted them with punishment. However, (despite the punishment) they did not submit nor become humble.”
“(They flagrantly persist with their transgression) Until (the time) when We shall open a door (the floodgate) of a severe punishment which will leave them therein totally demoralized.” (Al-Mu’minoon, 76 and 77)
ALLAH TA’ALA states in several places of the Qur’aan Majeed:
“Never will you find a change for the Sunnah (Way) of Allah.”
It is of the Sunnah of Allah Azza Wa Jal, to apprehend flagrant transgressors with severe punishment when they have crossed the point of no return in their fisq and fujoor – vice and immorality. At first He apprehends them with a light punishment such as a mini drought or some losses, mutual strife, oppression of rulers, etc. If these light forms of punishment are not heeded and no lesson is derived, and the people continue unabated with their flagrant transgression, then Allah Ta’ala overwhelms them with massive, unbearable punishment. This is the purport of the aforementioned two Qur’aanic verses.
Once a severe drought afflicted the Quraish. When Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) supplicated (made dua) for alleviation of the misery, the aforementioned aayat No.76 was revealed to confirm that droughts are the Punishment of Allah Ta’ala. Thus, the way of confronting Divine Punishment is with repentance, submission and obedience to Allah Ta’ala as mentioned in the aforementioned Qur’aanic verse as well as in other Aayaat and numerous Ahaadith. There is absolutely no other way of countering Allah’s Athaab.
Once when the people were complaining about the severe oppression of the ruler, Hajjaaj, Hadhrat Hasan Basri (Rahmatullah alayh) said:
“Verily. Hajjaaj is Allah’s Athaab. Therefore, do not (try to) ward off Allah’s punishment with your hands. On the contrary, submission and humility are obligatory on you, for verily, Allah Ta’ala said: “Verily, We have afflicted them with punishment. However, they did not submit to their Rabb nor did they become humble.”
Hadhrat Talq Bin Habeeb (Rahmatullah alayh) said:
“Save (yourselves) from the punishment with Taqwa. If you are obedient to Allah Ta’ala, then you can hope for the mercy of Allah. If you abandon disobedience to Allah Ta’ala, Allah’s Athaab will be warded off.”
People complain of the oppression of the rulers and the cranks in the community fabricate a variety of prescriptions for the oppression without understanding the cause of the oppression. They miserably fail to diagnose the diseases of the Ummah, hence they fabricate drivel remedies.
“WHEN PUNISHMENT OF ALLAH IS CONFRONTED WITH SWORDS, IT BECOMES WORSE”
Hadhrat Hasan Basri (Rahmatullah alayh) said:
“The oppression of the kings is from the punishments of Allah Ta’ala. The punishment of Allah Ta’ala cannot be warded off with swords. Verily, safety (from Allah’s punishment) and warding it off are (possible) only by means of Dua, Taubah, Inaabat (turning to Him with repentance), and by eliminating sins. Verily, when the punishment of Allah is confronted by swords, it (Allah’s Punishment) becomes worse.”
Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Your deeds are your rulers.”
In other words, Allah Ta’ala appoints over you rulers according to your deeds. The Hadith explicitly mentions that the consequence of villainy and transgression is the imposition of oppressive rulers by Allah Ta’ala. The consequence of obedience to Allah Ta’ala is just rulers. Allah’s Athaab cannot be fought off by rebellion. The way is as explained by Hadhrat Hasan Basri (Rahmatullah alayh) in the aforementioned advice.
Once a group came to Hadhrat Hasan Basri during times of great oppression and anarchy. He advised them as follows:
“Remain within your homes and lock your doors. Wallaah! If people had to adopt Sabr when oppressed by their Sultan, Allah Azza Wa Jal will soon eliminate the oppression. However, when they resort to the sword (i.e. rebellion), they are assigned to it [i.e. Allah abandons them to their swords].”
The Qur’aan Majeed and the Ahaadith testify to the reality and truth stated by Hadhrat Hasan Basri (Rahmatullah alayh), By ‘Sabr’ in this context means complete submission to Allah Ta’ala, repentance and obedience. Allah Ta’ala will then create the circumstances for either the change of the hearts of the rulers, substituting oppression with justice, or He will eliminate the oppressors and tyrants.
Those who have genuine Imaan will readily understand what Allah Ta’ala says in the following Qur’aanic aayat:
“Say (O Muhammad!): O Allah! King of Sovereignty, You give Mulk (country to rule) to whomever You will, and you snatch away Mulk from whomever you will. You grant honour to whomever you will, and you humiliate whomever You will. In Your Hand is all goodness. Verily, You are powerful over everything.”[By Hazrat Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai]