[Authored by Mufti Husain Kadodia]
The Muslim Ummah at large is passing through a very trying and turbulent period. Muslims everywhere and the practices of Islâm have become the targets of ridicule, cynicism and often misguided or uninformed mistrust. No stone has been left unturned to undermine Islâmic beliefs and practices. These times have indeed become reminiscent of the period referred to by our beloved Prophet e where he equated the difficulty of practising upon true Islâm with holding onto a blazing coal of fire.
Extremely distressing is the observation that the attack on Islâm has also taken on an ideological form. “Scholars” and modern-day “enlightened thinkers” having donned the garb of religious clerics and jurists, deviously question the authenticity of accepted Islâmic practices. thereby sowing the seeds of doubt in the minds of the ill-informed masses. Even those practices upon which the very identity of a Muslim hinges and which were meticulously upheld and adhered to throughout the glorious centuries of Islâm by our pious predecessors, are targeted.
A classical example is the ludicrous and shocking claim that the topî and turban are not part of the Sunnah and strict adherence to this noble practice will in fact constitute bid`ah (religious innovation). A sad and telling testimony as to how low the general level of Islâmic knowledge is, especially among the youth, is the manner in which this baseless assertion has taken root in the Muslim masses. What is more worrying is that such a callous disregard for the beliefs and practices of our pious predecessors (Sahâbah, Tâbi`în, Aimmah Mujtahidîn etc) means that very difficult times lie ahead for us. If we are no longer going to regard as sacred the knowledge and practices of our pious elders, then Allâh only knows what of true Islâm will be left in us, now that this cancer has taken root.
One cannot possibly overstate how important and relevant a piece of work this book (The crown of a believer) is, under the present circumstances. Not only does it succinctly succeed in proving beyond doubt the relevance of the topî, but it also sounds out a clear and explicit message:
“In every era Allâh will use his chosen ones to defend and uphold the true way of life of Rasûlullâh e regardless of the plots and ways of the enemies of Islâm.”
The truth will prevail and it is clearly accessible for those who seek it. To this end we express our sincere gratitude to Ml. Husain Kadodia for this excellent Khidmah (service) of dîn and we make du`â that Allâh Ta`âlâ keeps him firm on Îmân and takes much more work from him.
Moulana Ahmed Suleman Khatani
Following the Sunnah of Rasûlullâh (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) is the only source of glory and success, for Allâh has commanded us to follow him and has guaranteed us guidance if we do so.
Those who understood this command best were the Sahâbah (radhiyallahu anhum) – the illustrious companions of Nabî (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). We therefore find them clinging to every aspect of the life of Nabî (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). The classification of his actions into sunanul hudâ- practices carried out as an act of worship- and sunanuz zawâid– practices carried out more as a habit- was unknown to them. The mere fact that it is a Sunnah of Rasûlullâh (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) was sufficient for them to realise that we have to follow it.
On account of the great importance attached by the Sahâbah (radhiyallahu anhum) to following the Sunnah, the Sahâbah (radhiyallahu anhum) have also become role models of the Sunnah. We have therefore been ordered, in both the Qur`ân and Ahâdîth, to follow these great flag-bearers of the Sunnah. From amongst these great sunnats, is the Sunnah of keeping the head covered at all times.
This book is a collection of narrations, as well as statements of `ulamâ concerning the Sunnah of the topî (Islamic headgear). Special attention was given to discussing the significance of the topî and the importance of covering the head when in salâh.
May Allah accept this humble effort! Âmîn‘Topî’ is an urdu word for the hat worn by Muslims. We have used it throughout this book on account of its widespread usage.
The Sunnah of covering the head
All praise is due to Allah who granted us clothing to cover our bodies and beautify them. Peace and salutations be upon His messenger, Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). From amongst the noble Sunan (practices) of Rasûlullâh (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) is that he covered his head at all times. He generally adopted the turban for this purpose, but would, at times, wear only a topî (Islamic headgear). This practice was adopted by the Sahâbah (radhiyallahu anhum) and has remained the practice of the `Ummah from then onwards.
It is only recently that a group arose, claiming that covering the head has no place in Islâm; instead they have relegated it to the place of a ritual or custom.
To backup their ridiculous claims, they assert that there exist no ahâdîth (narrations of Rasûlullâh (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)) proving that Nabî (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) wore a topî, conveniently sidestepping the issue of the turban, as it is proven from many authentic ahâdîth.
In this book I intend to show that this claim of theirs is baseless; rather there are dozens of ahâdîth discussing the topî of Nabî (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), in addition to hundreds of other narrations showing the topî of the Sahâbah (radhiyallahu anhum) and the Tâbi`în رحمهم الله and the great importance they attached to it.
I have also quoted extensively from the great scholars of the past, who testified to the lofty position held by the topî in Islâm.
My secondary aim is to show that, as many different types of topîs are proven from ahâdîth, one may adopt any material, style or colour of topî with the assurance that he is following the Sunnah.
Great efforts were made to ensure the authenticity of every narration quoted; I have therefore devoted a special chapter to outlining the authenticity of the narrations in this book.
While I have tried my utmost to ensure that the book is free of errors, I am only human and thus prone to err. I would greatly appreciate being informed of errors of any type in this book, so that they could be rectified in future editions.
I would also like to extend a request to all `Ulamâ and scholars of dîn to please forward to me any other narrations they come across concerning the topî, as well as any suggestions they have concerning this book.
جزاكم الله خيرا
ولله الحمد في الأولى و الآخرة
Moulânâ Husain Kadodia, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
[The headings below have been added by the admin]
We can now conclude that
- The topî is definitely a Sunnah of Rasûlullâh (sallallahu alayhi wasallam).
- It has remained the practice of the Sahâbah (radhiyallahu anhum), Tâbi`în and our pious predecessors right until our times.
- The Sunnah of covering the head will be fulfilled by any type of topî, regardless of its colour, material or style, as long as it does not entail emulation of the Kuffâr or fall under any other prohibition in Sharî`ah (Islâmic Law).
- The topî should be worn at all times with special emphasis given to wearing it during Salâh.
- Even more virtuous than donning a topî alone, is tying a turban on it. We should all endeavour to revive this Sunnah in our lives.
May Allâh grant us all the ability to practise on every Sunnah and to realise the Truth from Falsehood. We ask Allah to accept this work and make it a means of salvation for the author, his family and the Ummah at large.