MISCELLANEOUS FATWASQ. Are the night and day of 15th Sha'baan blessed occasions?
A. Both the Night and Day of 15th Sha’baan are blessed and auspicious occasions. The following acts associated with this Holy Day should be noted:
(1) It is meritorious to spend as much of the 15th Night in ibaadat – individual ibaadat at home.
(2) The customary ‘big night’ talks/lectures organized on this Night in the Musaajid are bid’ah.
(3) There are no specific acts of Masnoon ibaadat for this Night. All and any kind of ibaadat is valid in whatever form it is rendered. Nafl Salaat, Tilaawat, Thikr, Durood and Dua should be the acts of ibaadat performed individually at home.
(4) Visiting the Qabrustaan (graveyard) on the 15th Night is also meritorious.
(5) It is Sunnah to fast on the 15th Day of Sha’baan.
Regarding the 15th Sha’baan, there are two extremist (Ghaali) sects on opposite sides of Siraatul Mustaqeem which is the Pathway of the Ahlus Sunnah Wala Jama’ah comprising of the followers of the Four Math-habs. The one group of extremists is the Barelvi sect of Grave-Worshippers. While they uphold this auspicious Night, they have introduced a number of shaitaani acts of bid’ah and grave-worship. Since they take their lead from the Hindu mushrikeen, they decorate the Musaajid and the streets with a variety of coloured lights. Then they indulge in orgies of feasting and merrymaking by means of which they utterly ruin the sanctity of this auspicious occasion.
The other group of extremists on the opposite pole is the jaahil Salafi sect. This is a Flotsam grouping. They reject this Night. They deny its holiness. So beware of the propagations of both these ghaali, mudhilleen sects. Those who sleep away this Night or squander it is worldly or evil pursuits, suffer great deprivation. Even their worldly life will be adversely affected.
Q. What is Lailatul Baraat or the 15th Night of Sha'baan?
A. Every Muslim knows or should know that the Deen of Islam is the Revelation of Allah Ta’ala. Islam is the Deen which is reared and established on the Qur’aan Majeed and on the Ahadith and Sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Thus, the Ummah, for its practices, customs, beliefs and acts, draws its supports and sanction from the Divine institution of Wahi (Revelation), the highest repository of which is the Glorious Qur’aan. The Qur’aan-e-Hakeem commands the Ummah:
“O people of Imaan! Obey Allah and obey His Rasool….”
Any belief, teaching, practice or custom which conflicts with this Command or which arose from beyond the confines of this commanded Obedience to Allah and His Rasool, stands condemned in the Eyes of Allah’s Shariah. Allah, His Rasool and the Shariah of Islam have no affinity, nor any relationship with innovated and unsubstantiated customs and practices.
Muslims are people who are supposed to travel along the Path chalked out by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Out Ibaadat and our mundane activities must all necessarily operate within the framework of the Shariah. Ibaadat will not be Ibaadat if there is no sanction and authorization for the acts from the Shariah. If the Sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) does not approve or command a practice, it will never be Ibaadat irrespective of the holy form the practice may assume.
Thus Salaat performed at sunrise will be sin irrespective of the form of Ibaadat it has taken on. Similarly, fasting on the Day of Eid will be sinful, irrespective of its external form of Ibaadat. Nafl Salaat performed during Fajr time will be sinful no matter how beautiful its form may seem. In short, if any act is not conformity with the Sunnah, it will not be Ibaadat if its form seems Ibaadat. This brings us to the prevalent celebrations and customs on the 15th Night of Sha’baan.
Lailatul Baraat is an auspicious occasion in Islam. In this fact there is no doubt and no dispute. The holiness of this Night is not based on the reasoning or the fancies of people. The holiness and significance of the 15th Night of Sha’baan are based on Holy Narration. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) informed us of this Night. It was he who explained the significance of this auspicious night to the Ummah. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and his noble Companions were fully aware of the way in which to uphold and honour this great Night.
Can anyone’s way of upkeeping this Holy Night excel the way of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi Wasallam)? Does any Muslim, sincere in his heart, wish for a way other than the Way of Nabi-e-Kareem (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)? Does any follower of Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) cherish a desire to surpass the glorious Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)? Can any Believer arrogate to him the authority of setting aside the method of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and supplanting in its place his own method, style and innovation?
In regard to Lailatul Baraat and many other practices, this has been exactly the condition of Muslims who have eliminated the ways and methods of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and innovated strange customs, alien to the Shariah, having no sanction in the Qur’aan or Hadith. Such violation and elimination of the Sunnah are termed Bid’ah Sayyiah or Evil Innovation.
On the Night of Baraat (15th Night of Sha’baan) Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) visited the Qabrustaan (cemetry) on the instruction of Allah Ta’ala and there he made Dua for the dead. This is the only specific practice in addition to his normal Ibaadat of the night, which is proven by the Hadith to have transpired on the 15th Night of Sha’baan. Besides the Visit to the Qabrustaan on the 15th Night of Sha’baan, all other customs and practices in vogue among Muslims today are innovations which have absolutely no sanction in the Deen. But, we claim to follow the Deen!
We claim to love Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), but our ways and customs conflict with those of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). When the occasion of Lailatul Baraat arrives, a great show of piety is demonstrated. But, the activities specially organised for the occasion of Lailatul Baraat are devoid of any sincerity and true piety because all such activities are not those of Islam.
Among such innovated customs is the delivering of lectures on this Night at the Musaajid. Lecturing on Lailatul Baraat is considered incumbent by numerous Muslims, hence the audience or the Musallis in the Musjid stare askance if in some Musjid a lecture is not being delivered on this Night. It is felt by the people that a great act of Ibaadat has been omitted. But, Islam does not order lectures to be delivered on this Night. It has never been the practice of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) nor of his Sahaabah nor of the illustrious Shar’i authorities to lecture on Lailatul Baraat. Lecturing on the 15th Night of Baraat as is in vogue nowadays is not an Islamic practice. In fact, it is an innovation which has been accorded Shar’i status by the innovators, hence it falls in the classification of bid’ah.
And, among the unsubstantiated customs of this Night is the special arrangement made for Khatmul Qur’aan ceremonies in Musjids. This has never been the practice of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), nor the practice of his Sahaabah. Reciting the Qur’aan Shareef is an act of Ibaadat of the highest merit and thawaab. But, it is not a Sunnah custom to organise such ceremonies in the Musjid on the 15th Night of Sha’baan. By all means, recite Qur’aan as much as you wish on this Night and on any night. But, it is not lawful to weave a custom around it and present a practice of individual choice and preference as a Shar’i act of Ibaadat.
Organization of Nafl acts of Ibaadat in congregational and public form in the Musaajid is not permissible in the Shariah. Nafl acts of Ibaadat are individual practices which must be executed individually, not in congregational form.
Gathering in the Musjid on this Night is considered of greater importance and significance than the daily Fardh Salaat which has to be performed in Jamaat (congregation). But, the majority of people neglect this compulsory injunction of Islam, viz., performance of Fardh Salaat in Jamaat, while they compulsorily adhere to gatherings and lectures on this Night. Yet, these practices have no origin and no sanction in Islam. Islam is what has been taught by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), not what has been introduced by people who have no standing in the Shariah.
Since Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and his Sahaabah did not gather in the Musjid on the 15th Night of Sha’baan to deliver lectures or engage in Khatmul Qur’aan ceremonies or distribute sweetmeats, cakes, etc., it does not behove Muslims to introduce such customs.
The 15th Night of Sha’baan is indeed auspicious. Muslims should spend the Night or part of the Night in individual Ibaadat at home and preferably carry out the Sunnah practice of visiting the Qabrustaan on this Night. But, when visiting the Qabrustaan on this Night, it should not be done in a congregational form with the Imaam gathering his followers and proceeding to the cemetry in ostentation as has been observed to be the case on Eid Days.
Q. Many Ulema have objected to the practice of fasting on the 15th of Sha’baan and observing the Night as an auspicious occasion. They aver that there is no proof for claiming that these practices are Sunnah. They say that the Akaabireen used to study in Madrasahs where Hadith is taught only until the Mishkaat level, and their gaze was not on the sanads of the Ahaadith. The hadith they say is so weak that it may not be presented for even virtues (faadhaa-il). Some say that it is bid’ah to fast on the 15th Sha’baan because of the Waajib attitude of some people. Also some senior Ulama of our time say that it is bid’ah to fast on this day. Please dispel my doubts with a detailed explanation.
A. The scope of these columns precludes a detailed response. If you want a detailed explanation, provide your postal address. We shall forward our booklet explaining the Sunnah position of the 15th Day and Night of Sha’baan. Only moron molvis will venture the stupid idea that the Akaabireen’s Hadith knowledge is limited to Mishkaat. They are either genuine morons who are shockingly ignorant of the curriculum of the kutub of our Madaaris or they are deliberately misleading people with blatant lies.
The Akaabireen of Deoband in this era (i.e. the era of our immediate Akaabireen who have all departed from this dunya) were the greatest authorities of Hadith, Fiqh, Tafseer and every branch of Islamic Knowledge. Thus, those who have made the stupid claim are genuine morons. Alternatively they are deceits and intellectual thugs who feast on falsehood. Whilst some Ulama proclaim the practice bid’ah, numerous of the Akaabireen aver that it is Sunnah. We are not the muqallideen of those Ulama who contend that the 15th Sha’baan is bid’ah. They too are muqallideen who have become mesmerized with the false illusion of them being ‘mujtahids’, hence they dabble in Hadith in a way to bring about abrogation of Sunnah practices which are authenticated by centuries of practice of the Akaabir Ulama who were all vehemently opposing bid’ah.
These tin-topped or plastic ‘mujtahids’ of this age have neither the ability nor the licence to resort to Ahaadith for formulation of masaa-il of the Shariah. They are muqallids and are therefore obliged to remain Blind muqallideen. Don’t be bamboozled by isolated views propounded by a couple of Ulama, even if they sport an alignment with the Ulama of Deoband. Their contention regarding ‘waajib attitude’ is baseless. None of the Akaabireen had ever emphasized this practice. In fact when we were still studying at Madrasah under Hadhrat Masihullah (rahmatullah alayh), we did not even realize that it was the 15th Sha’baan. The realization would dawn when Hadhrat would proceed to the Qabrustaan during the night time.
The Ulama who are making a stupid issue of this Practice should rather divert their gaze and efforts towards the hardcore bid’ah, fisq and fujoor in which both the masses and molvis of this age are indulging. Their tongues are silent and they behave like dumb morons with regard to all the evil surrounding us. But they are stupidly vociferous against the People of Haqq and the Akaabireen in condemning the legitimate 15th Sha’baan practices. They don’t speak against the halaalization of carrion and riba by haraam ‘halaal’ certificate manufacturing entities and mercenary ‘shariah boards’ whose function is to advertise the capitalist riba system. But they have long tongues which wag like the tails of dogs when critizing the Akaabireen.
Q. Some Ulama are saying that there is no significance for fasting on the 15th Day of Sha’baan nor is the 15th Night of Sha’baan a Night of special significance. They say that the Ahaadith in this regard are fabrications. Please comment.
A. The 15th Night of Sha’baan is a night of significance and so is the 15th day. Fasting on that day is Sunnah. The claim of fabrication is incorrect.The significance of Sha’baan, i.e. the 15th Night and Day, has been the view and practice of all our Akaabireen since time immemorial. Deviates are at pains to create confusion with their concocted views.
Q. Is the roza (fast) of 15 Sha’baan Sunnat?
A. The Roza of 15th Sha’baan is Sunnat.Some people of late have initiated a baseless controversy on this issue.
Q. I have been told that it is Sunnat to fast two days in Sha’baan, the 14th and 15th. Is this correct?
A. It is Sunnat to fast only one day, the 15th of Sha’baan. However, fasting on 13th, 14th and 15th of every Islamic month is Sunnat. It is therefore permissible to fast on 13th, 14th and 15th Sha’baan. But it is not a Sunnat specific with Sha’baan. The specific Sunnat of Sha’baan is to fast on the 15th.
Q. Are there any special duas or Namaaz for the 15th Night of Sha’baan?
A. There are no special acts of ibaadat (Duas, Salaat, etc.) for this Night. It is an auspicious Night which should be spent in ibaadat as much as one is able to. All customs associated with this night are bid’ah, even congregating at the Musjids for lectures.
Q. Explain the specific acts of Ibaadat for the 15th Night of Sha’baan and the Night of Mi’raaj.
A. There are no specific rules and acts of ibaadat to adopt on Lailatul Baraa’t. As much of the Night should be spent in ibaadat of any and all kinds. The Night of Mi’raaj is not among the auspicious nights. It is a holy night just as every night is holy.
Q. On the 15th Night of Sha’baan there is a practice of performing six raka’ts Nafl after Maghrib. In our place there is much emphasis on these six raka’ts which are said to be Sunnat. Some people also recite Surah Yaaseen after each two rakats. Is this a Masnoon practice?
A. This is not a Masnoon practice. Performing 6 raka’ts or more every day after the Maghrib Sunnat Salaat is called Awwaabeen which is Sunnat. The emphasis on 6 raka’ts on the 15th night of Sha’baan has no basis in the Sunnah.
Q. On the great Nights of Baraat, Rajab, Qadr and the two Eids we gather in our Jamaat Khaana to recite fifteen Paras khatam. After the recitation, sweetmeats are served. Is this correct?
A. This is not a Sunnah practice. It is a bida’ an innovation which people regard as an Islamic practice. It is necessary to discontinue this practice. The great Nights should be observed in the manner in which Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and his noble Sahaabah observed. There is no need for the Muslim community to add customs and practices into the Deen. The method of the Sahaabah is best for the attainment of the highest Thawaab.
Q. What is the position of Halwa in Shab-e-Baraat?
A. It is an evil innovation. A practice which has no Islamic support no origin in the Sunnah.
Q. In our Musjid during Lailatul Bara’ah (15th Sha’baan) we recite 3 Surah Yaaseen collectively after Maghrib, and when we come to the aayat “Salaamun Qoulam…” and also the last aayat of Surah Yaaseen, we repeat these thrice. Is this a valid practice?
A. The entire practice is bid’ah. To recite Surah Yaaseen in this manner is bid’ah. It is not permissible to participate in this bid’ah custom.
Q. An Imaam of a Musjid &aims that it is Sunnat to light agarbatti on big nights such as 27th Ram adhan and 15th of Sha’baan.
A. The imaam’s claim is baseless. This practice is bid’ah. It is an innovation. While it is permissible to light incense in the Musjid at any time, it is a great lie to claim that it is Sunnat to do so on the ‘big’ nights.
Q. Is it fardh or sunnat to have Khatmul Qur’aan on the big nights of Ashuraa, Baraat, Qadr and Mi’raaj? Such khatams are usually held on the big nights at Mosques.
A. It is neither Fardh nor Sunnat to arrange Khatmul Qur’aan ceremonies on these nights. Such customs were never organized or taught by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) nor by the Sahaaabah (radiallaahu anhum). Whoever wishes to recite the Quraan Shareef on these nights or any other night or day is free to do so. But, it is wrong to create a new custom or practice of ‘ibaadat’ into the Deen . In doing so, the innovators are superseding the Shariah. In introducing acts of worship into the Deen, the Sunnah of Rasulullah (salllallahu alayhi wasallam) is being negated.
Since such customs have been accorded the status of compulsion or near compulsion, one should not join in . Rather recite the Quraan or render any other form of Ibaadat in the privacy of one’s home on these occasions. Attend the Musjid only for Salaat, thereafter withdraw to your home and pass the night or a portion of the night in true, effective and pure Ibaadat without any fanfare. Pass the occasions of holiness in solitude remembering Allah Ta’ala with both tongue and heart and abstain from the raucious exhibitions of people who have no truck with the true Sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam).