1.4 Million Muslims Massacred – Consequence of Unjust Treatment of Disbelievers
Faqeehul Ummat, Mufti Mahmood Hasan relates the following shocking account of the massacre of Baghdad by Tartars which depicts vividly the consequences of unjust treatment of others:
THE GENOCIDE OF BAGHDAD
This is why Allah Ta`ala has declared:
“If you are grateful, I will increase My favours on you, and if you are ungrateful, then indeed My punishment is severe.” (Ebrahim:7)
When the punishment of Allah Ta`ala strikes – may Allah protect us – no one can be saved. The pages of history are replete with such incidents and reports. If you have to read about the condition in Baghdad and what happened at the time of the revolt your hair will stand on end. The Muslim rulers, intoxicated with power, had oppressed and persecuted the disbelievers. They were the downtrodden people of the society. An old man climbed to the peak of a mountain, raised his hands and supplicated:
“O lord of the Muslims.”
He did not supplicate to his gods.
“The Muslims claim to be just. Is this how your beloved servants should be treating us? Is this justice?”
“ATTACK THE MUSLIMS. OUR HELP IS WITH YOU” was the reply received from the unseen.
The old man gathered his people and attacked the Muslims. Those who were slaves, who were the oppressed, whose rights were not recognised by the government and with whom trade dealings were not conducted in a fair and honest manner and who were forced to live like animals, attacked the Muslims. They annihilated the Muslims. It is recorded in Tareekh Al-Kaamil of Ibn-ul-Atheer that a group of 150 armed Muslim soldiers were fleeing for their lives when a person from the Tartars saw them.
“Where are you all going?” he shouted. “Wait here! I don’t have a knife. I will retrieve my knife from my tent, and slaughter all of you.”
The feet of the Muslims froze. They could not move. The Tartary brought his knife and commanded the 150 Muslims to lie down. They lied down and he slaughtered the lot like chickens. This was the amount of awe struck into the hearts of the Muslims. The reason for it was the disobedience of Allah Ta`ala. They had unjustly treated Allah Ta`ala’s creation, hence Allah Ta`ala had caused their destruction at the hands of the Tartars. Fifty Muslims were hiding at a certain place. A Tartary woman came and sliced them like how vegetables are sliced into pieces.
Approximately 1.4 million Muslims were killed out of a population of two million. What was the reason for this annihilation? This was the divine punishment of Allah Ta`ala unleashed upon the people. They had openly and flagrantly transgressed the laws of Allah Ta`ala and no effort was made to rectify them. When open transgression becomes prevalent, divine punishment will certainly descend.
WHY DOES ALLAH GRANT RESPITE TO DISBELIEVERS FOR THEIR TERRORISM?
In reality the unjust treatment meted out by the disbelievers upon the Muslims is a form of divine punishment imposed by Allah (azza wa jal) as a consequence of wide-spread perpetration and toleration of transgressions of the Deen (religion).
Shaykh Zakariyyah , in his masterpiece Al-Eitidal, provides an explanation for the difference in causes of success, between the non-Muslims and Muslims.
Why do non-Muslims prosper?
[By Shaykh Zakariyyah Kandhelvi]
“Note: At this stage after taking in what has been said above, the masses and even some scholars find some difficulty in understanding. Their problem is this: Just as deeds of evil and righteousness are harmful or beneficial for the Muslim, so they should also be for the non-Muslim. That is indeed how it should be. Harmful things should be harmful at all times. But how is it that the non-believers, in spite of their own evil deeds, still attain success and prosperity while on the other hand Muslims find themselves in a sorry state with their troubles and worries continuously on the increase?
So much have some ignorant Muslims been troubled and perplexed that they even went to the extent of rejecting the tenets of Shariat and the Hadeeth.They went so far as to look at the non-believers, and decided that those evils which are present in the make-up of the non-believers were the very causes of their success. In actual fact this difficulty in understanding is a result of ignorance of Islamic teachings. In the teachings of Islam and the commands of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) there is nothing which has not been explained quite clearly. But who will take the trouble to find out what is the answer?
Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said that one of Allah’s Nab once questioned Allah about this problem saying: “Ya Allah. A certain bondsman of yours is a Muslim performing good deeds. But You take the world away from him and send calamities over him. Then there is a bondsman of Yours who is a non-believer, disobedient to You. Yet You ward off calamities from him, granting him (sufficient) of this world.” Allah revealed to this Nabi: “My believing bondsman has some evil deeds and for this reason I treat him thus so that when he returns to Me I shall give him the reward for his good deeds. As for the non-believer, he has some good deeds and for this reason I treat him thus by way of rewarding him for his good deeds so that when he returns to Me I shall give him the punishment for his evil deeds.” (Majma-uz-Zawaaid)
“Allah does not diminish the reward of any believer for any good deed. In this world He is granted success through this deed and in the Hereafter he is richly rewarded. As for the non-believer, he is given sustenance in this world through his good deeds but when he comes to the Hereafter he will have no good deed for which he may be rewarded (because of the absence of Imaan which is a pre-condition for reward in the Hereafter).” (Mishkat)
And in another Hadeeth “When Allah desires good for his slave He punishes him for his sins in this world (because worldly torments are much lighter than that of the Hereafter). And when Allah desires revenge (as punishment) for His slave, He withholds punishment for his sinful deeds in this world so that on the day of Qiyamat He gives him full punishment.” It has been repeatedly stated in Hadeeth that because there is no reward for the nonbeliever in the Hereafter, he receives his reward for any virtuous and charitable act in this world. This is because he can obtain reward for good deeds only in this life. This is why, in spite of his numerous evil deeds, he will, in this world, be attaining so much of success and prosperity because of his good deeds.
On the other hand, the Muslim receives reward for his good deeds in the Hereafter and most of his crimes and sins are punished in this world. Thus as many as are his faults, sins and evils, will be his sorry state and his miseries. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “This Ummat of mine is looked upon by Allah with Mercy. In the Hereafter they will not suffer torment. Its punishment (for sins committed comes in this world and) comes in the form of ordeals, earthquakes and killings.”
Here the students of history came across a problem which is almost contradictory to what is said above. The experience of some nations indicates that as long as they continued in their irreligious and evil ways, no punishment from Allah was sent over them. But when there was improvement for the better, in their ways, then came the punishment. The answer to this problem is also found in the discussion above. It is not inconceivable that their irreligious ways were such that they were in fact very near to Kufr. Which meant that punishment in this world was not necessary. Later after the definite and profound change for the better, they became fit for being punished in this world. It is almost like a patient who is very ill. While he is so very ill, surgery will be of no use, for the surgeon will not operate because the patient is so very near death. Surgery is only made use of when there is hope of being cured of an ailment.
In Bukhari and Muslim Shareef etc. is the story of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam’s) displeasure with the wives of his household. At that time Sayyidina Umar (Radiallahu anhu) is reported to have said: “I went to the house of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and found that his household consisted of three or four things. There were a few handfuls of barley and one or two untanned skins lying in one corner. Apart from these there were one or two other similar items. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was laying on a mat of palm-tree leaves without any spread with which to cover his body (as usually did), and there was nothing on the mat covering the roughness. The result was that the rough pattern of the mat left its imprint on his body. Seeing this (simplicity) I began to cry bitterly. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) asked the reason for this weeping. I replied: O Rasul of Allah! Why should I not cry when marks of the mat on which you lie have been imprinted on your holy body? And why should I not cry when the complete contents of your home consist of only this which I now see? Look at the condition of Rome and Persia! They do not worship Allah but look at their riches and wealth on the one side and your poverty on the other! (Hazrat Umar continues): Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was at the time laying with his head on a pillow, but hearing these words from me, sat upright and said: Are you still in doubt, 0 Son of Khattab? They – the Romans and the Persians, are a people whose rewards for their good deeds have been granted to them in this world.
In the Quran we are told: “And had it not been that (through love of wealth) all mankind would have become one nation (almost all non-believers), We would have appointed for those who disbelieved in the Merciful One, roofs of silver over them for their houses and their stairs (of silver) whereby they ascend, and doors of silver for their houses and couches of silver whereon they recline and also ornaments of gold. “Yet all that would have been only a provision for this world’s life. And the (success of) the Hereafter is only with your Lord for those who guard against evil (and fear Allah). (43:33-35)
According to one Hadeeth Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Allah Ta’aala says: ‘Had it not been that the believers would have become distressed (and troubled on seeing the ease and comfort of others as compared to their own sufferings) I would have bound the non-believers in iron cases (so that they feel no pain at all) and I would have freely granted the world to them.” (Durr Manthoor) All this is because in Allah’s sight the world is of no value and weight. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) himself says: “If in the sight of Allah this world had the value of the wing of a mosquito, the non-believers would not have received a mouthful of water thereof.” (Durr manthoor and Tirmidhi)
On one occasion while Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was going somewhere he happened to find a dead goatling lying around, without ears. He asked: “Who is there who will buy this goatling from me for one dirham (approximately 25 paisa or 5c)?” The Sahabah (Radiallahu anhum) answered: “No one will even take it even if given free.” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) replied: “Well in the sight of Allah, this world is even more contemptible and valueless than this goatling.” (Muslim – Mishkat)
From these Ahaadeeth we come to know that in Allah’s sight this world has no value at all. Because the non-believers have as their major aim in life the attainment of this world they are given the world according to their treasure of good deeds. The Muslims on the other hand since having accepted Islam have their eyes on the success and permanent well-being of the Hereafter to which they have a special right. And the Muslim however a great sinner he may be, will, eventually after having been punished or pardoned for his sins, enter Jannat to enjoy its pleasures. Hence because of his iniquities he will be made to suffer the sorrows and hardships of this world. If he is not made to suffer here, there is indeed a dangerous path ahead of him. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “When you see anyone enjoying the bounties of this world in spite of his evil deeds then (let it be known that) that is Istidraaj (i.e. a postponement of punishment from Allah like a rope with which he is allowed to hang himself).”
Then Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) recited the verse: ‘And then when they had forgotten that whereof they had been reminded, we opened unto them the doors of all things until they were rejoicing in that which they had been granted, we seized them suddenly, and unawares and lo! they were dumbfounded.” (6. 44)
Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “The believer is like cultivated crops which the wind blows hither and thither. In this manner the believer is continuously being visited by ordeals and hardship. The hypocrite is like a tall pine tree which is not bent by the winds, but when (strong winds blow) it is completely uprooted.” (Mishkat – Muslim – Bukhari)
It can also be proved from many other sayings of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) that the cause for the prosperity of the non-believers is Allah’s postponement of their punishment and their own worldly good deeds. Hence it is clear that when any individual non-believer or group of non- believers do any deeds of righteousness, they will prosper and attain some measure of worldly success. Even their evil deeds will go unpunished whereas even the seemingly insignificant evils of a Muslim will bring punishment. As much as are their iniquities, whether individual or collective, Muslims will suffer sorrow, ordeals and hardships accordingly.
[THE ONLY WAY TO SAVE THE UMMAH FROM ALLAH’S PUNISHMENT]
The only manner in which they can save themselves from all anxieties is to discard sinful acts as well as to prevent others from sin. The Hadeeth teaches us that calamities continue to attach themselves to the person of the believer, to his wealth, and his offspring, to such an extent that he dies in this state that no sin is attached to him. (Mishkat, Tirmidhi) Another Hadeeth of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) says: “When Allah desires good for anyone, He completes for him the punishment of his sins in this world. And when He desires evil for anyone (as a result of his numerous sins), He wards off evil from him in this world so that in the Hereafter He may give him the complete punishment.” (Mishkat, Tirmidhi)…
The gist of what I try to explain is that Allah – The Musabbi bul Asbaab (the Causer of causes) had created separate causes for the worldly progress of the Muslims and non-Muslims. It is wrong to maintain that the very thing which is a cause for progress for non-Muslims is also cause for the progress of Muslims. It is also wrong to believe that those things which are not an iinpediment or hindrance to their progress will also not hinder the progress of Muslims. To have such views shows ignorance of our deen and lack of knowledge of the words of Allah and His Rasul (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)….
From all these Ahaadeeth it should be known that the major share of the retribution and punishment for the sins of this Ummat comes in this world. This is indeed a mercy unto them. Were this not so, that in spite of their sins they were not involved in calamities and trials, it would be very frightful indeed. So the only manner in which this Ummat of Muhammed (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), which is enjoying Allah’s Mercy, can save itself from the misfortunes, catastrophes, worries and humiliations of this world, is to avoid sin and evil completely.
And when by chance sins do occur, they should weep in sorrow, seek forgiveness and repent to Allah. There is no other way out. It is not possible at all for a Muslim to remain a Muslim and at the same time gain worldly prosperity, while at the same time living a sinful life!! Yes, if he becomes-a Kaafir he is sure to progress in spite of his numerous iniquities, because while a Kaafir, he will receive success, progress and prosperity for even the simple deeds of good he does….
Anyway from the Ahaadeeth and Quranic texts it becomes clear that the principles leading to the success and prosperity of the Muslims and the non- believers are not the same. Some are common to both and some are not. The major cause for a Muslim’s success is acting upon the injunctions of deen and avoiding sin, for as much as they indulge in sinful acts will they face calamities. For a Muslim to look at the non-believers and to see them committing the same sins and still enjoying progress while these sins bring no misfortune to them – and then to become fearless of those sins, is indeed wrong and only entangles him in more misfortunes. When Muslims, indulging in sins and are not visited by calamities, it is so much more dangerous. In such a case it is merely a temporary postponement of punishment. Revenge will come quickly and suddenly….”
THE MEANS OF MUSLIM SUCCESS IS DIFFERENT TO THAT OF NON-MUSLIMS
Hakimul Ummat Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (rahmatullah alayh) explaining the secret of the success and progress of the early Muslims said:
“O Muslims! For progress, study the cause of the progress of Muslims. How did they progress. Don’t look at the progress of the kuffaar. Don’t look at the cause of their progress. Every nation has its own spiritual disposition. The basis of progress of one nation need not be the cause for progress of another nation. What may be beneficial to one people may not be so for others. In fact, even on an individual basis, it does not follow that something which is beneficial for one person will necessarily be beneficial for another person of even the same community. Something which may be of benefit to a cultured person of refined disposition will not be beneficial for a rustic or village dweller.
By virtue of Islam you have become refined and of delicate disposition. Hence, what is beneficial for the kuffaar will not necessarily be good for you. Your similitude is like that of headgear (topi). A topi is removed from the head if even a little najaasat (impurity) soils it. On the other hand, shoes are not discarded on account of najaasat. Allah Ta’ala detests to see you soiled in najaasat (spiritual and physical impurities). If you become soiled in impurities you will be immediately taken to task and punished. o¬n the contrary, the kuffaar are tolerated regardless of the quantity of najaasat with which they become polluted. Obedience to the Shariah is the true honour and progress. Walk along the path of the Shariah and you will understand. Insha’Allah, you will then be truly honoured. Be firm o¬n the Deen and all nations will be made subservient to you.”