Monarchy was an institution of government ordained by Allah Ta’ala. Thus, the Qur’aan Majeed states:
“When Musaa said to his nation: ‘Remember Allah’s bounty on you when He appointed among you Ambiya, and He appointed you as kings.” (Aayat 20, Maaidah)
Allah Ta’ala mentions His double bounty to Bani Israaeel in this Qur’aanic aayat. The one bounty greater than the second one, was the appointment of Ambiya. The second bounty which Allah Ta’ala also attributes to Himself is the appointment of monarchs to rule Bani Israaeel.
All the Khulafa, including the Four Khulafa Raashideen (Hadhrat Abu Bakr, Hadhrat Umar, Hadhrat Uthmaan and Hadhrat Ali—radhiyallahu anhum), all the Khulafa of Bani Ummaya, all the Khulafa of Bani Abbaas and all the Uthmaani (Ottomon) Khulafa who had ruled the Islamic Empire until 1914, were monarchs and the system of government was autocratic. None of the governments of any Islamic Ruler in these dynasties or among any of the governments prior to the advent of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) was anything other than a monarchy which, as mentioned earlier, is a divinely ordained institution of government.
The system of monarchy is unlike the democratic system introduced by the masses of juhala (ignoramuses) who are manipulated by the worst specimens of mankind, namely, politicians of opportunism, lust and deceit. They strive and struggle for their personal egos and pockets, not for their people.
As long as the king is just, pious and benevolent, ruling in strict accord with the Shariah, he will be validly termed the Khalifah of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Islam has absolutely no objection against hereditary succession. The demand and requirement of the Shariah are only the implementation of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah—I’laa Kalimatullaah. If the king fulfils this demand of the Shariah, then he is justifiably a Sultan who is the shadow of Allah on earth.
In Islam there is no room for admission of a government appointed by masses of ignoramuses.[By Hazrat Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai]