MOON-SIGHTING vs ASTRONOMY

It was specifically in the context of moon-sighting that Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) emphatically declared:

We are an illiterate Ummah. We neither calculate nor write.. The month is so much and so much (and he indicated the number of days with his fingers.”

It was as if Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) foresaw a time such as ours, when modernist Zindeeqs (heretics) would attempt to use their moronic man-made logic and the science of astronomy to interfere with the simple, ‘unlettered’, moon-sighting process commanded by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) which has been upheld by the Ummah for 1400 years.

Thus, despite Muslim astronomers excelling in their science to an unprecedented degree, as attested to even by Kuffaar scientists of this age, NEVER was astronomy ever allowed to interfere or infringe on the simple, ‘unlettered’, Prophetic moon-sighting process, as outlined in the following Hadith:

“An A’raabi (illiterate villager) came to Nabi (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and said: ‘Verily, I saw the hilaal (of Ramadhaan)’. He (Nabi) said: ‘Do you testify that there is no deity other than Allah?’ The A’raabi said: ‘Yes.’. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: ‘Do you testify that Muhammad is the Rasool of Allah?’ The A’raabi said: ‘Yes.’ “ Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) then proclaimed: ‘O Bilaal! Announce to the people that they should fast tomorrow.” (Abu Dawood, etc.)

Despite the possibility of error in the testimony of the A’raabi, or even the possibility that the A’raabi could have lied, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayh wasallam) whole-heartedly accepted this testimony as the basis of starting the month. No further investigations were instituted and no astronomer was sought for a second opinion. And, the simplicity of the process remained as such for 1400 years. The testimony of an Aadil person or a group of Aadil persons is all that is required. This simple, ‘unlettered’, moon-sighting process which was good enough for the Ummah for 1400 years, is good enough today, and will remain good enough till the Last Hour.

Below, we shall cite statements of the Fuqaha (jurists) which are explicit, unambiguous, self-explanatory, and which convey the true Shariah spirit and ethos in regards to moon-sighting. The statements will also vividly portray a clearly discernible contrast between the true Deen of Islam, and the so-called “Deen” fabricated by the modernists of today. In fact, they will make salubrious reading for those influenced by the modernist Zindeeqs, who, enamoured by Western technology, attempt to use astronomy to either negate a valid moon-sighting testimony, or replace the actual sighting process.

The view that astronomy can be permitted to interfere or infringe on the Prophetic moon-sighting process is just as rare, if not more so, than other isolated opinions found in our vast tradition, such as the so-called permissibility of music. The fact that such isolated opinions have been excavated, resurrected and proliferated by modernist deviates of today, even propounded by those regarded as major “authorities”, does not affect in the slightest the abominable nature of such Mardood (rejected) opinions. Rather, they are indicative of the fact that we are currently living in close proximity to the Last Hour, prophecised by Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), in which the vast majority – the so-called “jama’ah” – will be heading for Jahannum.  

Those who desperately latch onto such isolated, Mardood opinions which conflict with the Shariah ruling upheld by the Fuqaha for 1400 years – the real Jama’ah – do so at the peril of their Imaan and fall under the following grave threat issued by one of the great Imams of the Salaf-us-Saaliheen and re-iterated throughout the ages by the Fuqaha:

One who takes the marginal opinions of scholars, has surely made his exit from Islam!”

Such isolated opinions have been thoroughly dealt with, refuted and consigned to burial by the Fuqaha.

Take, for example, the isolated and erroneous opinion of Allamah Taj ud-Deen as-Subki in regards to using astronomy to negate a completely valid, fully Shariah-compliant testimony of an Aadil person, or a group of Aadil persons. The Fuqaha of Allamah as-Subki’s own Madh-hab have clarified his error, and the fact that it conflicts with the Ijma’ of the whole Ummah.

In this regard, the Shafi’i Faqeeh, Shams ud-Deen Ramli, states:

“In these matters action will conform to Shahaadat because Shaari’ (i.e. Rasulullah – Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) has accorded Shahaadat the category of absolute certainty. Whatever Subki has said is MARDOOD (rejected). A group of the Muta-akhkhireen (Fuqaha) have refuted him. In acting according to Shahaadat, there is no conflict with Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam).”

Allamah Ibn Aabideen states:

“And what As-Subki (a Shaafi jurist) said is MARDOOD (rejected). The Mutakh-khireen of his Math-hab have rejected him. Among them are Ibn Hajar and Ramli in the commentaries of Al-Minhaaj…(Rasaail Ibn Aabideen)

Yet, modernist deviates today are at pains to resurrect this error, and other similarly isolated errors from our tradition, and, while attempting to hoodwink the masses, conveniently and scandalously omit the fact that such slips were clarified as such by the Fuqaha,

We shall now proceed with the quotes of the Fuqaha which vividly portray the vast chasm of difference between the True Deen as represented by the Fuqaha and the so-called “Deen” of the modernists.

THE DEEN OF THE FUQAHA vs THE “DEEN” OF THE MODERNISTS

The Hanafi Faqeeh Abu Bakr al-Jassaas transmits Ijma’ (consensus of all the scholars) on the prohibition of using astronomy in any way that infringes on the simple Prophetic process of moon-sighting:

“He who claims the validity of the stages of the moon and the calculation of the astronomers is beyond the (confines of) the Shariah This view is not within the scope of Ijtihad since the Kitaab (Qur’aan), the Sunnah and the Ijma’ of the Fuqaha are in conflict with it.” (Ahkaamul Qur’aan)

Allamah Ibn Aabideen also records Ijma (Consensus) on the inadmissibility of astronomical calculations in regards to moon-sighting:

“According to Ijma’ there is no recognition for the statements of the astronomers.”

The Maliki Faqeeh, Al-Baji, also conveys this Ijma’ of the Salaf-us-Saaliheen:

“The Ijma’ of the Salafus Saalih is proof against them (those who claim the validity of astronomical calculations). Ibn Bazeezah said: “It (calculation) is a baatil view.” (Bazlul Majhood, Vol. 6, Page 105)

In Al-Mi’raaj it is stated:

“By virtue of Ijma’, the statement of the astronomers will not be accepted.”

In Aujuzul Masaaik it states:

“Ibnul Munthir has reported Ijma’ on this.” (Aujzul Masaalik, Vol.5, Page 16)

Imaam Shaaf’i (rahmatullah alayh) states categorically in relation to moon-sighting:

“The statement of the astronomer is of no consideration.” (Irshaadus Saari li Sharhi Saheeh Bukhaari).

Rejecting the determination of the astronomers, Imaam Nawawi (rahmatullah alayh) states in Kitaabul Majmoo’:

“The Jamhoor (overwhelming majority) say: ‘The one who has adopted calculating the stages (of the moon for commencing the month of Ramadhaan) is a rejecter of the explicit (Sareeh) Narrations. His statement is mardood (rejected) by virtue of the statement of Rasulullah – Sallallahu alayhi wasallam—in Bukhaari and Muslim: ‘We are an illiterate Ummah. We neither calculate nor write.. The month is so much and so much (and he indicated the number of days with his fingers.”………Thus, what the Jamhoor has said is the correct view, and whatever has been said besides it is MARDOOD (REJECTED).” (Vol.6, Page 276)“

The Shafi’i authority ar-Ramli states:

The Shaari’ (i.e. Rasulullah – Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) did not rely on calculations. On the contrary, he had totally discarded it with his statement: “We are an Ummi Ummah. We neither write not calculate.”

In Sharh Mukhtasar Khaleel it states:

Saum is not confirmed with the statement of the astronomer, neither for others nor for himself because Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) restricted the confirmation (of Saum) to Rooyat (actual sighting) or Shahaadat or Ikmaal – completing the number (30 days). He did not inform of any additional method more than this. Hence if the astronomer says for example: ‘The month is less or more, no attention should be accorded to it whether the heart testifies to its truth or not.” (Sharh Mukhtasar Khaleel – Al-Kharshi)

In Durr-e-Mukhtaar, it states:

The statement of the astronomers is of no validity even if they are uprighteous.”

Even the free-thinking Ibn Taymiyyah who is notorious for transgressing Ijma’ and propounding Shadh (anomalous) opinions, expressed outrage over the idea of elevating the findings of astronomers to a Haraam degree and using them to negate a valid Shari’ testimony. He correctly brands the astronomers as “liars” in terms of the status accorded to them by the Shariah in regards to infringing or even negating aspects of the Prophetic moon-sighting process:

“It has reached me that some Qaadhis (judges) had rejected the shahaadat (testimony) of pious persons in favour of the claim of an astronomer who is [classed as] an ignoramus and a liar in the matter of the hilaal having been seen or not. Thus, this judge is among those who listen to liars (as stated in the Qur’aan). Verily the aayat (of the Qur’aan) includes evil judges within its scope (of condemnation): “They listen to lies and they devour suht (haraam)”. Evil judges accept falsehood which is not lawful. They devour suht by way of accepting bribes, etc…..

Undoubtedly, it is established by the Authentic Sunnah and the Consensus (Ijma’) of the Sahaabah that reliance on astronomical calculations is not permissible….

There is unanimity (Ijma’) of the illustrious Ulama of the Shariah on the prohibition of calculations in regard to the moon (i.e. for determining the commencement of the month)…

There is no doubt that it is proven by the authentic Sunnah and the consensus of the Sahaabah that reliance on astronomical calculations is not permissible

When Ijma’ of the Ummah has been established on any Ruling, then it is not permissible for anyone to depart from their Consensus… (Fataawa Ibn Taimiyyah)

The above statements consist a small sample of countless others that could have been cited on this issue, which represent the official Shariah position for ALL times, past, present, and future.

 

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5 thoughts on “MOON-SIGHTING vs ASTRONOMY

  1. Abdur Rahmaan

    ٱلسَّلَامُ عَلَيكُم وَ رَحمَةُٱللهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُه

    مَاشَآءَٱللهُ لَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّابِاللَّه

    You are doing a great service by citing the Fuqahaa and iterating the fact that these modernists’ faatawas of jawaaz are rare views.

    I was going through testimonials of ex-Muslims, these were my findings in a nutshell;

    -Some were extreme Salafis or just Salafis
    -Some were Salafis then became Qur`aanists and then outright atheists
    -Some others claimed to be Shiahs, Barelwis, one claimed to have been Deobandi but seemed to be unsure about the difference between Wahhaabis and Deobandis.

    ٱلحَمدُلِلَّه for our Imaan. May Allaah عَزَّ وَ جَل keep it intact and save us all from the Fire and grant all people the Hidaayat of Islaam. Aameen

    جَزَاكَ ٱللهُ خَيرًا Brother.

    Reply
    1. Abul Lais

      Dear brother Abdur Rahmaan,
      wa’alaikum salaam warahmatullaahi wabarakaatuh.

      Can you please give the link/reference for the testimonials of ex Muslims. I am really curious to read that so that it can be an evidence that abandoning of taqleed leads to abandoning of Deen eventually

      Jazakallah khairan
      Wassalaam

      Reply
      1. Abdur Rahmaan

        ٱلسَّلَامُ عَلَيكُم وَ رَحمَةُٱللهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُه

        Dear brother,

        Note: Please turn off your browser images before searching.

        A simple Google search will reveal several such results.

        Reply
        1. عبد الرحيم
          السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

          الحمد الله رب العالمين

          “Note: Please turn off your browser images before searching”

          Brother ‘abdur-Rahmaan الحمد الله felt extremely happy after reading the way you have cautiously commented. It’s the way Sahaabah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhum) followed the Deen i.e. being extreme cautious/alert in minutest of matter related to Deen. It’s very rare we find such extremely cautious Sahaabah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhum) type of Deeni mizaaj (attitude)…الحمد الله

          May ALLAAH Ta’aalaa keep you steadfast & increase you in Taqwaa which itself means ihtiyaat (to be extremely alert/cautious) and grant us the wretched Ummah to follow in the footsteps of Sahaabah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhum) in following the Deen and may ALLAAH Ta’aalaa accept us all…aameen

          و السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

          Reply
      2. Abdur Rahmaan

        From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quranism

        “In South Asia during the 19th century, the Ahle Quran movement formed partially in reaction to the Ahle Hadith whom they considered to be placing too much emphasis on hadith.[10] Many Ahle Quran adherents were formerly adherents of Ahle Hadith but found themselves incapable of accepting certain hadiths.[10] In Egypt during the early 20th century, the ideas of Quranists like Muhammad Tawfiq Sidqi grew out of Salafism i.e. a rejection of taqlid.[10]”

        then also note the trend [from your search of ex-Muslims] that these Qur`aanists openly declare themselves atheists eventually.

        Reply

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