Shar’i Ruling for Using Social Media

Note (from admin): Social media platforms such as Facebook and Instagram are practically saturated with filth due to which it is impossible to avoid falling into Haraam even for one who takes due care and aware of the various prohibitions such as the Hurmat of digital Tasweer. Thus, it is imperative to avoid such mediums. In this aspect the Fatwa below has erred. Regarding other communication mediums such as WhatsApp, Telegram, etc. in which it is possible to avoid Haraam, the Fatwa is correct.

  • Jaami’ah ‘Uloomul-Islaamiyyah, ‘Allaamah Muhammad Yoosuf Bannuri town, Karachi, Pakistan

Fatwaa Number – 143909202335

Dated – 8 september 2018

Question

As you know that the use of social media has become a common thing in this age. So what’s the Shar’i Ruling for using facebook**, etc,..?

Answer

Social media can be used in both ways, lawful & unlawful. Just as its unlawful use incorporates a host of evils, many benefits can be derived through its lawful & correct use. So those social media programs which are lawful & can be used within the confines of the Sharee’ah such as whatsapp, viber, skype, messenger, etc. & whose basic purpose is to communicate, send messages & mutual discussions, are permissible to use. However one must be careful that whilst using these programs, sharing of pictures or videos of animate objects, making or receiving video calls is not permissible.*

Other social media progams except those mentioned above like facebook**, twitter, instagram, etc. whose basic purpose is not sending or receiving messages but to post something or share someone’s post or to like someone’s post. In these programs often the pictures of animate objects that too of naa-mahram pop up. Usually its indulgence only leads to wasting of precious time. Moreover facebook provides the platform & freedom for each & every individual to propagate his views. Due to which many deviates & corrupt belief individuals try to threaten the Eemaan of the weak faith Muslims. Rather a systematic work is been carried out for corrupting the beliefs of the Muslims (on these platforms). So safety lies in this only, that one refrains from jumping in such a pool in which there is a risk of drowning oneself. Yet if any individual has such firm Eemaan & Aqaaid (beliefs) that instead of getting influenced he can be a means of guidance for others or he can better defend the Islaam & Muslims, then only for such an individual, there will be an option for using facebook or any such other platforms that too by remaining within the confines of the Sharee’ah.

To sum up the discussion its (always) better to refrain from using social media programs without any needIf there is a need or use of social media programs becomes inevitable for the propagation of Deen, etc. then it will be permissible to use them whilst abstaining from sharing pictures (videos) of animate objects & maintaining the limits of the Sharee’ah. Likewise as far as possible one must try torefrain from even viewing the pictures (videos) of animate objects.

And only ALLAAH Ta’aalaa Knows…

End of Fatwa (Urdu Fatwa is below)

* Note: There is complete Ijma’ (consensus) of ALL the Akaabir Ulama of Deoband that using digital pictures of animate objects is amongst the worst of sins (Kabaa-ir). Just because one desperately wishes to believe otherwise will not alter the reality on Yaum ul-Qiyamah (Day of Final Judgement). On that terrible day, countless people will realise, belatedly and with utter horror, whether ALL the Akaabir Ulama and Mujaddids were correct OR whether the modernist and feminist Zindeeqs (heretics) of their era were correct for being the pioneers of Halaalizing this worst of sins.

Those who hide under the cover of similar Fatwas today which make such absurd claims as denying the fact that digital images are not images (tasweer), or that digitally-produced rhythmic noise is not music, or that chemically produced alcohol is not alcohol, or that the brutal Zaalim Saudi government is Aadil (righteous and just) whose scientifically impossible sightings of the moon are acceptable, etc. etc. etc. will find out to their horror the reality of Allah Ta’ala’s severe castigation of the Muslims of Bani Israaeel for adopting a Baatil Taqleed (absurd and irrational blind-following) of their Muftis and Shaykhs which Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) has explicitly described as “Worship” (also know as “Hazrat-Worship”).

Allah Ta’ala always makes manifest in this Dunya the conflict between the Baatil Fatwas of today and the correct Fatwas of the past Mujtahids as conveyed authentically by the Fuqaha and Mujaddids whose Taqleed is exclusively valid and obligatory.

THE ORIGINAL URDU FATWA

سوشل میڈیا کے پروگراموں کا استعمال کرنا 

سوال 

اس زمانے میں جیسا کہ آپ کو معلوم ہے، سوشل میڈیا کا استعمال بہت عام بات بن چکا ہے ، لہذا فیس بک وغیرہ کا استعمال شرعاً  کیسا ہے؟

جواب

سوشل میڈیا   کا استعمال جائر اور ناجائز دونوں طریقوں پر ہوسکتاہے،جس طرح اس کا غلط استعمال بے شمار مفاسد پر مشتمل ہے، اسی طرح اس کے جائز اور درست استعمال سےبہت سے فوائد بھی حاصل کیے جاسکتے ہیں، لہذا   سوشل میڈیا کے جو پروگرام جائز اور شرعی حدود میں رہ کر استعمال کیے جاسکتے ہوں، جیسے واٹس ایپ، وائبر ، اسکائپ، میسنجر وغیرہ  کہ ان میں  بنیادی مقصد  ایک دوسرے سے روابط ، پیغام رسانی  اور باہمی امور پر گفتگو کی سہولت ہوتی ہے، لہذا اس کا استعمال جائز ہے،تاہم یہ ملحوظ رہے کہ ان پروگرام کو استعمال کرتے ہوئے ایک دوسرے کو جاندار کی تصاویر، ویڈیو شئیر کرنا، یا ویڈیو کال کرنا یا ویڈیو کال قبول کرنا جائز نہیں ہے۔

باقی اس کے علاوہ سوشل میڈیا کے دیگر پروگرام جسیے فیس بک، ٹوئٹر، انسٹاگرام وغیرہ کہ جن میں بنیادی مقصد  پیغامات بھیجنا یا وصول کرنا نہیں ہوتا، بلکہ کوئی پوسٹ کرنا یا دوسرے کی پوسٹ شئیر کرنا یا پسند کرنا ہوتا ہے، اور ان میں  جاندار اور پھر نامحرم کی تصاویر بھی اکثر وبیشتر سامنے آجاتی ہیں ، اور پھر اس میں مشغولیت سے عام طور پر  قیمتی اوقات کا ضیاع بھی ہوتا ہے،  مزیدیہ کہ فیس بک پرکس وناکس کواظہارِخیال کی آزادی کا پلیٹ فارم فراہم کرتاہے جس میں باطل عقائدونظریات والےلوگ کمزوراہلِ ایمان کے ایمان پرڈاکہ ڈالنے کی کوشش کرتے ہیں، بلکہ اس کے لیے باقاعدہ منظم کام بھی کررہے ہیں؛ اس لیے احتیاط اسی میں ہے کہ ایسےتالاب میں کودنےسے اجتناب کیا جائے جہاں خود کےڈوبنےکاخدشہ ہو، ہاں اگرکوئی شخص اپنے ایمان اورعقائدمیں اس قدر مضبوط ہو کہ دوسروں سے متاثر ہونے کے بجائے دوسروں کےلیےہدایت وراہ نمائی کا ذریعہ بن سکتاہو یا اسلام اورمسلمانوں کا مناسب  دفاع کرسکتا ہوتوحدودِ شرع میں رہتے ہوئے  فیس بک یااس جیسا کوئی پلیٹ فارم استعمال کرنے کی گنجائش ہوگی۔

 خلاصہ یہ ہے کہ  بلاضرورت اس کا استعمال نہ کیا جائے، اگر ضرورت ہو یا دینی اشاعت وغیرہ کے لیے یہ پروگرام استعمال کرنا ناگزیر ہوتو  شرعی حدود میں رہ کر جاندار کی تصاویر شئیر کیے بغیر اس کے استعمال کی اجازت ہے، لیکن حتی الامکان جاندار کی تصاویر دیکھنے سے  بھی  احتیاط کی جائے۔

فقط واللہ اعلم

جامعہ علوم اسلامیہ،

علامہ محمد یوسفرح بنوری ٹاؤن، کراچی، پاکستان

فتوی نمبر : 143909202335

 

5 thoughts on “Shar’i Ruling for Using Social Media

  1. Masood

    How does this Darul Uloom state that one may go on Facebook if one would stay within the limits and be defending Islam???

    It is like saying that one may go to Haraam places if one won’t commit sins by looking at Haraam such as a person visiting the beach amongst half naked women and by lowering his gaze he propagates Islam to the prostitutes lying naked on the sand without looking at them and even smelling their perfume???

    What is such a person doing in such a place in the first place? Whilst a person may go to the beach if there is NO ONE there, Facebook is a place where there are millions always there.

    The Fitnah of Facebook is undeniable. Such Mufti Maajins should not issue Fataawaa! They should refer people to genuine Muftis like Mufti AS Desai Saheb.

    I think this is better. Some Muftis issue Fatwas which destroy the Hayaa and Imaan of the masses.

    Please do rectify me.

    Reply
    1. admin Post author

      Assalamualaykum Maulana,

      Jazaakallah Khair for pointing this out. I had already added a note stating something similar below the Fatwa. I have moved this note to the top now.

      Was-salaam,

      Reply
  2. Abdullah

    Please advise if this is the ruling of the Mujisul Ulama of South Africa:

    “Regarding other communication mediums such as WhatsApp, Telegram, etc. in which it is possible to avoid Haraam, the Fatwa is correct.”

    Reply
    1. admin Post author

      The note was added by myself. I have added information now in the note to indicate this.

      As far as I am aware, no Aalim has declared mediums such as WhatsApp and Telegram Haraam per se. It is the usage which determines the ruling. If Haraam factors are involved, then obviously its usage will be Haraam. Similarly, if there are no Haraam elements involved, then its usage will be permissible. They are similar in ruling to the use of the internet itself.

      I am quite certain this is also Hazrat Maulana’s view, otherwise he would not have mentioned such mediums without proclaiming their Hurmat. For example, on the Majlis website the following announcement is found:

      PLEASE NOTE: We do not answer question posed by means of Whatsapp and cell phone messages (SMS). Only questions sent by e-mail, post or fax are answered. Furthermore, do not use stupid computer slang. Acquit yourself like an intelligent Muslim.

      In one of the Majlis newsletters, the following question and answer is found:

      Q. What is the Shariah’s ruling regarding digital pictures of animate objects produced by emojis
      in SMS, whatsapp, telegram, etc.?

      A. All types of pictures of animate objects regardless of the method of production are haraam. Pictures produced by the methods of production mentioned by you are haraam.

      If Hazrat’s view was that SMS, whatsapp and telegram are Haraam, per se, then he would definitely have clarified it unambiguously.

      Haraam factors such as Haraam pictures, groups involving ikhtilaat, futile chatting, and ulame-e-soo’ would obviously render the usage of such mediums Haraam.

      Please do contact Hazrat if you feel further clarification is necessary.

      Reply

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