[By Hazrat Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai]
Much has been written about the ‘glory’ of Muslim rule in Spain. While Muslims had ruled Spain for several centuries, it cannot be said that genuine Shariah Law had prevailed. It was a regime of worldly pomp and splendour which had made Muslims completely oblivious of the Aakhirat which was furthest from their minds.
The pomp, splendour, wealth, comforts and luxuries of the dunya had made them totally oblivious of the objective of man’s temporary sojourn on this ephemeral worldly abode. They ignored this objective stated in many Aayaat of the Qur’aan:
“The life of this world is but play and amusement whilst the Abode of the Aakhirat is best for those who have Taqwa. What! Have you no intelligence?”
Yes, the Muslims of Spain lacked intelligence, hence they sowed the seeds of their decline and destruction from the very inception of their rule.
While Spain was a province of the Islamic Empire during the tenure of the Khilaafate of Bani Umayyah, it broke away in the year 128 Hijri when the Abbaasi Khilaafate replaced the reign of Bani Umayya. In 138 Hjri, Abdur Rahmaan, the grandson of the tenth Khalifah, Hishaam of the Umayya Dynasty, managed to escape from the clutches of Bani Abbaas. He reached Spain and established his own Khilaafate. He established the Spanish City of Qurtuba (Cordova) as the Seat and capital of his Khilaafate. This Khilaafate remained with great pomp and splendour in the Bani Umayya until 422 Hijri (288 years). Entire Spain was ruled by Bani Umayya during this period.
After the demise of the Umayyah Khilaafate established by Abdur Rahmaan, Spain became a splintered Muslim land where about a dozen miniature khilaafates were established all engaging in internecine warfare against one other. Taking advantage of the internecine warfare of the Muslims, the Christians allied themselves with the different Muslim factions to give greater impetus to the process which was sapping the power of the Muslims. Ultimately, the Muslim miniature countries were rendered impotent. The Christians took power and brutally pillaged, plundered and expelled all Muslims from Spain.
There is no other land from which Muslims and Islam were so thoroughly destroyed and extinguished as was the case in Spain. Muslims themselves had brought their own downfall and elimination by their insane plunge into the pomp and splendour the world had to offer. The consequence of their insane love for the dunya is depicted in the following Hadith.
Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Most certainly, Allah will eliminate from the hearts of your enemies fear for you, and He will instill in you wahan.” A Sahaabi asked: “O Rasulullah! What is Wahan?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Love of the dunya and dislike for Maut.”
The Muslims of Spain forgot about Maut and the Aakhirat, and indulged insanely in the pursuit of the dunya. The evil worldly pursuit had degenerated to the extent that their Ulama had halaalized the construction of statues of the royalty for placement in public places. Their rationale was that such statues of the rulers would instil honour and awe for the rulers in the hearts of the masses. This was the low and rotten ebb of satanism to which they had sunk.
Shirk and Kufr was legalized and halaalized on a basis and a ‘daleel’ which is expected of only an insane man. When such villainy became acceptable and the statues were proudly displayed in public for Muslims to worship, then the Wrath of Allah Azza Wa Jal settled on that unfortunate land of Muslims. Allah Ta’ala uprooted every vestige of Muslims and their rule from Spain.
“Say: O Allah! You are the King of all dominion. You grant Mulk (land and power) to whomever You will, and You snatch away Mulk from whomever You will. You give honour to whomever You will, and you disgrace whomever you will. All goodness is in Your power. Verily, You are powerful over all things.” (Aal-e-Imraan, Aayat 26)