[By Hazrat Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai]
The armies of Islam, in particular the armies of the Sahaabah, never relied on superiority in numbers and weapons. The reliance was always on Allah Ta’ala. History bears ample testimony to the glory in which the battles of the Sahaabah basked.
In this regard the Battle of Mootah has special significance. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) had initiated the program of Tabligh to the Christians and Persians by sending letters with emissaries. One such letter of invitation to Islam was sent to the Kaisar (emperor) of the eastern wing of the Christian empire. At the time the Kaiser was celebrating his victory over the Persians in Jerusalem.
The Christians, in addition to rejecting the invitation maltreated the emissaries in violation of prevailing international law. When the emissaries of Islam were returning, the Christians of Syria looted whatever provisions they had. Shurahbeel Bin Amr was the Christian appointed governor of Basra .
When Rasulullah’s letter of Da’wat reached him, the tyrant put to death the emissary, Haarith Bin Umair (radhiyallahu anhu) in flagrant violation of the accepted international law.
To avenge the killing of the emissary, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) despatched an army of 3,000 Sahaabah to punish the Christians for their treachery.
This was the memorable Battle of Mootah in which the relatively tiny band of Mujaahideen confronted the huge Christian army of 200,000 (two hundred thousand). Many senior Sahaabah were martyred in this battle in the year 8 Hijri.
Hadhrat Zaid Bin Haarithah (radhiyallahu anhu) was appointed the commander of this army. On this occasion, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) gave the following instructions and advice to the departing army:
♦ You will find in the Land of Shaam (Syria) monks living in isolation in their monasteries. Do not interfere with them.
♦ Do not kill any females.
♦ Do not harm any child.
♦ Do not hurt any aged person.
♦ Do not (unnecessarily) cut down any tree.
The Israeli and western barbarians can learn much from this golden advice and instruction of Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), the Nabi and Commander-in-Chief of the armies of the Sahaabah. In this is also a lesson for the jaahil, morally decadent foot-soldiers of the American-created ‘jihaadi’ outfits.
When the small army of Sahaabah reached Mootah in Syria, they were met by a massive Christian army of 200,000.But by the fadhl and nusrat of Allah Azza Wa Jal, the Christians were decisively defeated in this battle. 3,000 Sahaabah fighting the over -whelming superior Christian army of 200,000 is an irrefutable historical fact. The victory of the Muslims was undoubtedly by the aid of Allah Ta’ala. There is no logical explanation for then glorious victory at Mootah.