The Early Muslims’ Supremacy in Technology, Medicine, Mathematics, Astronomy, etc.

QUESTION

Respected Maulana Saheb

Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh

Hadhrat Maulana Saheb, what should our thinking be about those early Muslims who had reached great heights in the worldly sciences of medicine, mathematics, chemistry, economical thought, and astronomy, etc.?

The effects of their work in these fields remain visible today and are often the basis of which non-Muslims are progressing technologically. Some non-Muslim secular books mention these Muslims as being the ‘founding fathers’ of certain fields: algebra, algorithms, chemistry, engineering and medical surgery etc. For example, these would be personalities like Al-Khwarizmi in mathematics, Al-Razi in medicine, Al-Kashani in astronomy and Al-Zahrawi in surgery.

Were these types of personalities generally Deeni people? The Majlis is always mentioning the bounties that come to the Ummah with wide-scale obedience to Allah Ta’ala and following of the Sunnah. Was the supreme masterly of worldly sciences like mathematics, engineering and chemistry bestowed by Allah Ta’ala to such generations because of the obedience to Allah Ta’ala in these times? Their works have been good for the worldly affairs of the creation.

Insha Allah, if Hadhrat Maulana Saheb can please clarify and guide me towards proper understanding.

Jazakallah Khair.  

Was-salam.

ANSWER

The sciences you have mentioned are permissible, beneficial and necessary for  the people of the world. When Muslims  strayed from the path of the Sunnah and became mired in  the comforts and pleasures of the world, their disobedience to Allah Ta’ala increased. The ultimate consequences  of disobedience is  worldly and spiritual degeneration, debasement and humiliation.

If Muslims had remained  on the Path of the Sunnah as the early Muslims, they would have achieved great successes even in technology. However, instead of building on what they had discovered in  the scientific realm, they  were bogged down in the pursuit of lustful pleasures.

Sultan Salim of Turkey was the first person to develop the canon. It could fire a kilometre away. But the British  worked on his model and we see what they have produced today. When Muslims become forgetful of Allah Ta’ala, their brains become stagnated and fossilized. We have therefore appointed the kuffaar as our leaders, hence Allah Ta’ala has made them our rulers.

The roots of technology for Muslims are in the Ahaadith and exhortations of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). For example, Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) prohibited Muslims from  using kuffaar weapons in war. He instructed them to develop their own weapons which should surpass the efficacy of the weapons produced by the kuffaar. But, Muslims, as a result of their engrossment in worldly pleasures, were satisfied with  their current status while the kuffaar were alert and continued improving.

While pursuing technological sciences is beneficial, it will not benefit Muslims as long as they remain the serfs of the kuffaar and happy with their colonized brains.

[Answered by Hazrat Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai (Damat Barakatuhum)]

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